Misamis Occidental

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Misamis Occidental
Province
Flag of Misamis Occidental
Flag
Official seal of Misamis Occidental
Seal
Nickname(s): Mis Occ
Motto: Where the color of nature is greener
Map of the Philippines with Misamis Occidental highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Misamis Occidental highlighted
Coordinates: 08°20′N 123°42′E / 8.333°N 123.700°E / 8.333; 123.700Coordinates: 08°20′N 123°42′E / 8.333°N 123.700°E / 8.333; 123.700
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Founded November 8, 1929
Capital Oroquieta City
Government
 • Governor Herminia M. Ramiro (NUP)
 • Vice Governor Aurora Virginia M. Almonte (Independent)
Area[1]
 • Total 2,055.22 km2 (793.52 sq mi)
Area rank 60th out of 81
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 567,642
 • Rank 48th out of 81
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
 • Density rank 24th out of 81
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 3
 • Municipalities 14
 • Barangays 490
 • Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Misamis Occidental
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 7200 to 7215
Dialing code 88
ISO 3166 code PH-MSC
Spoken languages Cebuano, Subanen, English, Tagalog, Maranao
Website misocc.gov.ph

Misamis Occidental (Filipino: Kanlurang Misamis; Subanen: Sindepan Mis'samis; Cebuano: Kasadpang Misamis) is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Oroquieta City. The province borders Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur to the west and is separated from Lanao del Norte by Panguil Bay to the south and from Misamis Oriental by Iligan Bay to the east. The province of Misamis was originally inhabited by Subanens who were an easy target by the sea pirates from Lanao.

The province is named after the early settlement of the Spaniards at the entrance to the Panguil Bay. The name Misamis is believed to have been derived from the Subanen word "Kuyamis" which is a variety of coconut, the staple food of the early settlers. During the years the name persisted as an inference of the geographical location, and upon the advent of the Spanish settlers, the word "kuyamis" easily gave way to the more convenient pronounceable but corrupted word "Misamis".[3]

Geography[edit]

Misamis Occidental is located near the narrow strip of land linking Northwestern Mindanao, to the Northcentral part of the island. Shaped like a collapsible fan it is bounded on the northeast by the Mindanao Sea, east by the Iligan Bay, southeast by the Panguil Bay, and the west by the Zamboanga del Norte and Sur. The fact that three of its boundaries are bodies of water gives away water life as one of its natural resources and fishing as one of its main industries. Except along the coastal area, hilly and rolling land characterized the provincial terrain. Towards the western border, the terrain is particularly rugged.

Subdivisions[edit]

Misamis Occidental is subdivided into 14 municipalities and 3 component cities.

Cities:

Municipalities:

History[edit]

Misamis Occidental comprised the original nine towns of Baliangao, Lopez Jaena, Tudela, Clarin, Plaridel, Oroquieta, Aloran, Jimenez, and Misamis. The original nine municipalities of the province of Misamis Occidental grew into the present three cities of Ozamiz, Oroquieta, and Tangub and the 14 municipalities of Aloran, Baliangao, Bonifacio, Calamba, Clarin, Concepcion, Don Victoriano, Jimenez, Lopez Jaena, Panaon, Plaridel, Sapang Dalaga, Sinacaban, and Tudela.

In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces landed in Misamis Occidental, beginning their brief occupation of the province during World War II. In 1945, combined American and Philippine Commonwealth forces liberated the province, and with the help of the recognized guerilla units, defeated the Japanese forces.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Misamis Occidental
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 424,365 —    
1995 458,965 +1.48%
2000 486,723 +1.27%
2007 531,680 +1.23%
2010 567,642 +2.41%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

The dense population along the coast consists mainly of migrants from Cebu and Bohol. Thus the major dialects are Cebuano and Boholano. The native Subanens live in the interior uplands.

Economy[edit]

The province economy depends firstly on fishing, secondly on coconuts, thirdly on rice. The province has 169 kilometers of coastline fronting the rich fishing grounds of Panguil and Iligan bays. It also has the biggest area of brackish-water fishponds in the region. Tangub City is a fishing port on Panguil Bay famous for seafood. Coconut is the chief crop. This is processed into oil, desiccated coconut, and coir, most of which are shipped to Cebu. Coconut processing is the main industry in Oroquieta City. Other crops grown are rice, corn, abaca, coffee, cacao and rubber.

Resources[edit]

Wood is the major forest product. Predominant species are the lauan group, apitong, tanguige yakal, and Philippine Mahogany. There is also an abundant supply of bamboo, rattan and various vines. Forest land in the province has an area of 66,002.46 hectares; 53,262 hectares of which are considered a national park (which has legal implications).

The province has a considerable deposit of clay especially in the municipalities of Lopez-Jaena and Concepcion.

There are also an abundant sources of sand and gravel.

The province is traditionally a net exporter of various commodities. Historical data from the Ozamiz Port District of the Bureau of Customs show that outgoing commodities, which is mainly of coconut products, far outweigh incoming cargoes.

Being a coco-based province, major manufacturing firms in Misamis Occidental are engaged in the production of crude coconut oil, cooking oil, lard, margarine, laundry soap and desiccated coconut. Other products are furniture, ceramics gifts toys and housewares, processed food like banana chips and marine products.

Locally fabricated agri-industrial machines and equipment are also available in the province.

Tourism and attractions[edit]

Government[edit]

Congressman

  • 1st District: Rep. Jorge T. Almonte
  • 2nd District: Rep. Henry "Henz" S. Oaminal

Governor : Herminia "Hermie" M. Ramiro
Vice-Governor: Aurora Virginia "Gigi" M. Almonte

Board Members:

  • 1st District:
    • Engr. Roy M. Yap
    • Edilma "Angging" C. Bulawin
    • Zaldy G. Daminar
    • Lovely Liezl "Lileth" B. Yape
    • Jim R. Delos Santos
  • 2nd District:
    • David M. Navarro
    • Edwin B. Florida
    • Dr. Gerard Teodorico "Boy" R. Olegario
    • Ricardo "Ardot" O. Parojinog
    • Simplicia "Bebie" O. Neri

Former Governors[edit]

  • Wilma P. Malinis
  • Gella Caay
  • Loreto Leo S. Ocampos
  • José Ozámiz
  • Gedeon G. Quijano
  • Henry Y. Regalado Sr.
  • Atty. Ernie D. Clarete
  • Gorgonio F. Buaquiña II

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  3. ^ http://trc.dost.gov.ph/SocioEconomicBriefHistoryPage.jsp?provinceid=476

External links[edit]