Battle of Molins de Rey
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|Battle of Molins de Rey|
|Part of Peninsular War|
Map of the Battle of Molins de Rey
|First French Empire||Kingdom of Spain|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr
| Conde de Caldagues (POW)
Juan de Vives
Theodor von Reding
|18,000, 48 guns||15,000, 25 guns|
|Casualties and losses|
|400||2,200, 25 guns|
The Battle of Molins de Rey or Battle of Molins de Rei or Battle of Molins del Rey, on 21 December 1808, was an engagement during the Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. Molins de Rei is 15 kilometres (9 mi) west of Barcelona, Spain.
An Imperial French corps led by Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr attacked a Spanish army commanded by the Conde de Caldagues. The French, Italian, and Swiss soldiers broke through the Spanish right wing and forced their adversaries to retreat after capturing Caldagues and all the artillery.
After his victory at the Battle of Cardadeu on 16 December, Gouvion Saint-Cyr relieved the blockaded Imperial corps under Guillaume Philibert Duhesme in Barcelona. Subsequently, the Spanish army fell back to a position behind the Llobregat River. Sending Joseph Chabran's division to mount a false frontal attack of the Spanish lines, Gouvion Saint-Cyr led the bulk of his corps to smash the opposing right flank. The Spanish position soon crumbled, but the French missed a chance to win a more significant victory when Chabran failed to pin down his outmaneuvered enemies. After the belated appearance of army commander Juan Miguel de Vives y Feliu and the capture of Caldagues, Theodor von Reding was appointed to lead the Spanish army.
- Gates, David (2002). The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. London: Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-9730-6.
- Oman, Charles (1995). A History of the Peninsular War Volume II. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole. ISBN 1-85367-215-7.
- Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.
- Rickard, J. (2008). "Battle of Cardadeu, 16 December 1808". historyofwar.com.
- Rickard, J. (2008). "Battle of Molins del Rey, 21 December 1808". historyofwar.com.
- Rickard, J. (2008). "Siege of Barcelona, 1 August-17 December 1808". historyofwar.com.