Battle of Montiel
|Battle of Montiel|
|Part of the Hundred Years' War
and the Castilian Civil War
Miniature of the Battle of Montiel from the "Chronicles" of Jean Froissart (15th century)
|Commanders and leaders|
|Peter of Castile||Henry II of Castile|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Montiel was fought in 1369 between Franco-Castilian forces, and an alliance of pro-English forces.
In 1366 there was a civil war of succession in Castile . The ruling Peter of Castile's forces were pitched against those of his half brother Henry of Trastámara. Peter was supported by England and Trastámara by the French. Edward, Prince of Wales (known as the Black Prince), in his capacity as Prince of Aquitaine, led the English forces and the French were led by Bertrand du Guesclin The reason Edward represented Aquitaine rather than England, was to avoid the breach of a peace treaty between the French and English that was in place at the time.
The armies in support of Trastámara were defeated at the battle of Najera (1367); however, this was of dubious long-term significance as Peter of Castile and the Black Prince fell out over money. The Black Prince, also affected by dysentery, withdrew his support from Peter and returned to Aquitaine.
The Battle of Montiel was fought between Franco-Castilian forces, and an alliance of pro-English forces. The Franco-Castilian force was led by Bertrand du Guesclin, while Peter of Castile led a Castilian-Granadine force. The Franco-Castilians were victorious largely thanks to the tactics of du Guesclin.
After the battle, Peter fled to the castle of Montiel, where he became trapped. In an attempt to bribe Bertrand du Guesclin, Peter was lured into a trap outside the castle. In a confrontation with his stepbrother Henry, Peter was killed. His death on 23 March 1369 marked the end of the Castilian Civil War. His victorious half-brother was crowned Henry II of Castille.
Henry made du Guesclin Duke of Molina and formed an alliance with the French King Charles V. Between 1370 and 1376, the Castilian fleet provided naval support to French campaigns against Aquitaine and the English coast while du Guesclin recaptured Poitou and Normandy from the English.
- Curry. The Hundred Years War. pp. 69-70
- Wagner. Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. p. 178
- Wagner. Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. p. 122
- Curry, Anne (2002). The Hundred Years War 1337-1453. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-269-5.
- DeVries, Kelly (2006). Battles of the Medieval World. New York: Barnes & Noble. pp. 148–157. ISBN 0-7607-7779-9.
- Wagner, John A (2006). Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. Westport CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32736-X.