Battle of Narva (1704)

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For other Battles of Narva, see Battle of Narva.
Battle of Narva
Part of the Great Northern War
ZauerveydNA Petr1UsmirDA19.jpg

Peter the Great leads the Russian troops capturing Narva in 1704
Date 9 August 1704
Location Narva
Result Russian victory
Belligerents
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Sweden Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Strength
3,800 infantry and 1,300 cavalry 20,000[1]:697
Casualties and losses
3,200 dead or wounded 1900 captured 13,000 dead or seriously wounded
Memorial in Narva

The Battle of Narva was the second Russian siege of Swedish Narva during the Great Northern War, resulting in the capture of the town by Russia on 9 August 1704 and the subsequent massacre of all Swedish inhabitants.[2]

Four years after the first battle of Narva, Tsar Peter marched again in an attempt to capture Narva and destroy Ingria as a Swedish Supply area.[1]:697 Marshal Boris Sheremetev's force of 20,000 captures Tartu on 24 June.[1]:697 Sheremetev then besieges Narva, with the garrison under the Commandant Major-General Henning Rudolf Horn af Ranzien and consisted of 3,800 infantry and 1,300 cavalry. The Russians made a three-fronted attack and after a long siege capture Narva on 20 Aug. 1704, when they massacre the populace before Peter stops them.[1]:69 General Horn, several officers and a large number of Swedish soldiers were captured, with about 3,200 casualties. The Russians, though successful, also suffered heavy losses — 13,000 men in total, 8,000 of them in the assault.[3]

Also in August, Peter I signed the Treaty of Narva in the town.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Tucker, S.C., 2010, A Global Chronology of Conflict, Vol. Two, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC, ISBN 9781851096671
  2. ^ Dupuy, Richard Ernest; Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt (1986). The encyclopedia of military history from 3500 B.C. to the present (2 ed.). Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-181235-8. 
  3. ^ Carl XII:s historia, Del 1, Knut Lundblad. p.339