Battle of Noreia

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Battle of Noreia
Part of the Cimbrian War
Cimbrians and Teutons invasions.svg
The migrations of the Cimbri and the Teutons.
Battle icon gladii red.svg Cimbri and Teutons defeats.
Battle icon gladii green.svg Cimbri and Teutons victories.
Date 112 BC
Location Noreia, Noricum (Neumarkt[disambiguation needed], Austria)
Result Cimbrian victory
Belligerents
Roman Republic
Noricum
Cimbri
Teutones
Ambrones
Commanders and leaders
Gnaeus Papirius Carbo King Boiorix
King Teutobod
Strength
30,000 300,000
Casualties and losses
24,000 unknown

The Battle of Noreia in 112 BC, was the opening action of the Cimbrian War fought between the Roman Republic and the migrating Proto-Germanic tribes, the Cimbri and the Teutons (Teutones). It ended in defeat, and near disaster, for the Romans.

Prelude[edit]

The Cimbri and Teutones left their home lands around the Baltic sea in the Jutland peninsula and Southern Scandinavia. They travelled southeast and encountered the Scordisci with whom they fought. Following their victory over the latter, they arrived at the Danube in Noricum (113 BC) which was home to the Taurisci, allies with Rome. Unable to repel these new invaders, the Taurisci appealed to Rome for assistance. The consul Gnaeus Papirius Carbo responded the following year, leading the legions into Noricum, where he took up a position on the heights near Aquileia.[1]

Battle[edit]

Carbo ordered them to vacate the territory of the Taurisci at once. The Cimbri had heard many stories from other tribes about the fearsome power of Rome, and after seeing the size of the Roman army and the strength of its position, they complied. However, Carbo was not going to allow enemies of Rome (nor an opportunity to gain a triumph) to escape. He had sent guides, to escort the Cimbri and Teutones to the frontier, however, they were actually going to lead them into an ambush the consul had prepared. But somehow, perhaps due to being warned by their scouts or spies or possibly due to the treachery of one of the guides, the Cimbri became aware of Carbo's plan and, according to Theodor Mommsen:[1]

An engagement took place not far from Noreia in the modern Carinthia, in which the betrayed gained the victory over the betrayer and inflicted on him considerable loss; a storm, which separated the combatants, alone prevented the complete annihilation of the Roman army.

Aftermath[edit]

Carbo managed to escape with his life and the remnants of his army (though the Germanic tribesmen had erroneously thought and boasted that they had caught and slain their betrayer). He was disgraced and impeached as consul by the senate, but was not exiled (such punishment was rare among the Romans according to Nate Rosenstein Imperatores Victi). Rome prepared for the worst, but instead of invading Italy the Cimbri and Teutones headed west, towards Gaul. There, in 105 BC, at the Battle of Arausio, the Cimbri and Teutones would decisively defeat a Roman army.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mommsen, Theodor. "History of Rome: Book IV - The Revolution". p. 67. Retrieved 2009-04-18.