Battle of Oriamendi
|Battle of Oriamendi|
|Part of First Carlist War|
Infante Carlos of Spain
|Liberals (Isabelinos or Cristinos) supporting
Isabella II of Spain and her regent mother Maria Christina
|Commanders and leaders|
|Sebastian de Borbón||Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara
De Lacy Evans
|Casualties and losses|
|~1,000 and 1,500|
The Battle of Oriamendi was a battle fought on 16 March 1837 during the First Carlist War.
The battle was part of a campaign in spring 1837 when the liberal Army tried to chase the Carlists from the Basque Country. They attacked from three points: General Pedro Sarsfield from Pamplona, General Espartero from Bilbao and a British-Spanish force under George de Lacy Evans from San Sebastián.
On March 15 the British Legion conquered a fortification known as Oriamendi on a strategic hill near San Sebastián.
The next day the Carlists under Sebastian de Borbón counterattacked and after a long battle, drove the British-liberal army back to their trenches outside San Sebastian. This force had suffered between 1,000 and 1,500 casualties and covering fire from the British Navy prevented the withdrawal from becoming a disaster.
After the battle the Carlists besieged San Sebastián, but never succeeded in taking the city.
The defeat caused an outrage in the British parliament. The battle was a great boost in morale for the Carlists, and lives on in the Marcha de Oriamendi, which became the anthem of the Carlist movement.