Battle of Resaena

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Battle of Resaena
Part of Roman-Persian Wars
Date 243
Location Resaena, Mesopotamia (Ras al-Ayn, Syria)
Result Roman victory[1]
Roman Empire Sassanid Empire
Commanders and leaders
Timesitheus Shapur I

The Battle of Resaena or Resaina, near Ceylanpınar, Turkey, was fought in 243 AD between the forces of the Roman Empire, led by Praetorian Prefect Timesitheus, and a Sassanid Empire army, led by King Shapur I. The Romans were victorious.


The battle was fought during a campaign ordered by Emperor Gordian III to retake the Roman cities of Hatra, Nisibis and Carrhae. These territories, in fact, had been conquered by Shapur and, before him, by his father King Ardashir I, when the Roman Empire was plagued with the internal wars between pretenders to the throne.


Following this victory the Roman legions recovered Nisibis and Singara, and advanced by way of the Khabur to the Euphrates. Intending to take Ctesiphon, Gordian's army was halted at Misiche.


  1. ^ Hopkins, T. C. F., Empires, Wars, and Battles: The Middle East from Antiquity to the Rise of the new world, (Macmillan, 2007), 95.