Battle of Saltholm
|Battle of Saltholm|
|Part of the Gunboat War and the English Wars|
The battle off Saltholm, 1808
|Commanders and leaders|
|Johan Cornelius Krieger||George Wood|
7 mortar boats
1 bomb vessel
The convoy of 70 British merchant vessels left Malmö Roads under the escort of three Royal Navy brigs and one bomb vessel. The brigs were HMS Turbulent of 12 guns, the 14-gun HMS Piercer and the 12-gun HMS Charger. The bomb was HMS Thunder.
The Danes and the Norwegian assembled twenty-one gunboats and seven mortar boats for the attack. Once the Dano-Norwegian force attacked, the battle was over within twenty minutes.
Turbulent, under the command of Lieutenant George Wood, was bringing up the rear. She and Thunder engaged while the remaining ships attempted to flee. This proved difficult as the wind was very calm, which allowed the Danish and Norwegians to row up to and board several of the British vessels. Turbulent was finally dismasted, which forced her to strike. Still, her resistance enabled most of the merchant fleet to escape. The Dano-Norwegian force captured 12 or 13 merchant vessels, plus Turbulent.Thunder escaped with some damage.
The subsequent courtmartial of Lieutenant Wood for the loss of his ship acquitted him of all charges.
Although the Danish gunboats were active, this convoy was the only one to suffer a large loss. Still, the loss of the 12 ships led the British north country merchants to publish a protest in Hull.
- Danish sources place the battle in Flinterenden, the channel between the island of Saltholm and Malmø
- Danish website detailing loss of British Ships (in English)
- Topsøe-Jensen Vol 2-page 49 (in Danish)
- Voelcker (2008), p.45.
- Voelcker, Tim (2008) Admiral Saumarez versus Napoleon: The Baltic 1807 - 1812. (Boydell & Brewer). ISBN 978-1-84383-431-1
- (Danish) Topsøe-Jensen, T.A. og Emil Marquard (1932) Officerer i Den dansk-norske søetat 1660-1814 og Den danske søetat 1814-1932. (Officers of the Danish-Norwegian Naval Service)