Battle of Sobota

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Battle of Sobota
Part of Second Northern War / The Deluge
Date 23 August 1655
Location near Sobota
Result Swedish victory
Belligerents
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Commanders and leaders
Charles X of Sweden Jan Kazimierz of Poland
Strength
25000

The Battle of Sobota was a battle that took place near Sobota, Poland, on 23 August 1655, between the armies of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on the one hand and of Sweden on the other.

After Charles X Gustav's entry into Poland, he made camp at Kolo. Here the Swedish king received representatives from John II Casimir of Poland in an attempt to sue for peace. The Polish attempts were in vain and the Swedish king marched towards Warsaw. John II Casimir put up a small army in order to hinder the Swedish advance while seeking assistance from other rulers. The forces clashed on 23 August, resulting in a Swedish victory as the Polish forces were routed after rapid, but intense fighting.[1][2]

After the battle, Charles X Gustav left the majority of his army under the command of field marshal Arvid Wirtenberg von Debern while he himself continued his march towards Warsaw with about 2000 cavalry and 1200 infantry.[3] Warsaw fell with no resistance on 29 August.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fredrik Ferdinand Carlson, Sveriges historia under konungarne af pfalziska huset, Volume 1, Stockholm: Norstedt, 1855, OCLC 457282269, p. 112 (Swedish).
  2. ^ Carl Efraim Josua Leonhard Wibling, Carl X Gustaf och Georg Rakoczy II, Lund: Berlingska, 1891, p. 13 (Swedish).
  3. ^ Johan Levin Carlbom, Om Karl X Gustafs polska krig och öfvergången till det 2dra. Sundskriget Karl Gustaf Wrangel (1654-1658), Göteborg: Ericson, 1905, OCLC 490761533, p. 16 (Swedish).

Sources[edit]

  • (Swedish) Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek [1]
  • (Polish) Leszek Podhorodecki, Rapier i koncerz, Warsaw 1985, ISBN 83-05-11452-X, pp. 247–248