Battle of Sultanabad

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Battle of Sultanabad
Part of the Russo-Persian War (1804-1813)
Battle Between Persians and Russians - State Hermitage Museum.jpg
This painting once decorated the Abbas Mirza's palace. Depicted on this huge canvas is the defeat of the Russian Trinity Infantry Regiment in the battle near Sultanabad, which took place on 13 February 1812. Persian soldiers wearing European uniforms and bearing Persian banners, on which a lion holds a sabre in its paw against a background of the rising sun.[1]
Date February 13, 1812
Location Sultanabad, Aras River, Azerbaijan
Result Persian victory
Belligerents
Russia Russian Empire Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Pyotr Kotlyarevsky Abbas Mirza
Strength
10,000 infantry[citation needed]
6 cannons
12,000 infantry
22,000 irregular cavalry
36 cannons
Casualties and losses
500 killed or wounded[2] 100[3]

The Battle of Sultanabad occurred on February 13, 1812, between the Russian Empire and Persian Empire. In the resulting battle, the Russians were routed.

The Persians, numerically superior,[4] were led by Abbas Mirza and fought the Russians led by Pyotr Kotlyarevsky.[citation needed] A Persian offensive into Georgia, with their British and French trained Nezam-e Jadid infantry,[5] initiated the battle. The Persians had also obtained European cannons from the French.[6]

The Persians won the battle by moving faster than the Russians and attacking them near their camp. Although this was a minor victory for the Persians, Abbas Mirza tried to show it as a major victory.[citation needed]

In the end however the Persians lost the invasion due to the Russian maneuvring around the Aras River which culminated in the Battle of Aslanduz. The Persians would have given up had it not been for the news of Napoleon's invasion of Russia in the spring.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Battle Between Persians and Russians". State Hermitage Museum. Retrieved 19 September 2009. 
  2. ^ Denis Wright, The English Amongst the Persians: Imperial Lives in Nineteenth-Century Iran, (I.B.Tauris, 2001), 52.
  3. ^ Denis Wright, The English Amongst the Persians: Imperial Lives in Nineteenth-Century Iran, 52.
  4. ^ Denis Wright, The English Amongst the Persians: Imperial Lives in Nineteenth-Century Iran, 52
  5. ^ Building a new Army:Military reform in Qajar Iran, Stephanie Cronin, War and Peace in Qajar Persia, ed.Roxane Farmanfarmiaian, (Routledge, 2008), 53.
  6. ^ Building a new Army:Military reform in Qajar Iran, Stephanie Cronin, War and Peace in Qajar Persia, 55.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Roxane Farmanfarmiaian (editor). (2008) War and Peace in Qajar Persia: Implications Past and Present. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-42119-5
  • Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, Volume 36, Tehran[which?] Author, Article Title, page numbers needed
  • Atkin, Muriel. (1980). Russia and Iran, 1780 - 1828. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 978-0-8166-5697-4
  • Kazemzadeh, Firuz. (1974). Russian Penetration of the Caucasus. In Russian Imperialism: From Ivan the Great to the Revolution, ed. Taras Hunczak. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-0737-5