Battle of Taiz

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Battle of Taiz
Part of 2011 Yemeni uprising
Taizz.jpg
Aerial view of the city
Date 28 May – 7 June 2011
(1 week and 3 days)
Location Taiz, Yemen
Result Alliance of Yemeni Tribes victory[1]
Belligerents
Yemen Alliance of Yemeni Tribes
South Yemen Movement
Yemen Army
Commanders and leaders
Sheik Hamoud al-Makhlafi[2]
Strength
5,000 fighters[3] 33rd Armored Brigade[4]7,000-11,000
Casualties and losses
35-71 killed[5] 11 soldiers killed[6][7][8]
4 civilians killed[9]

The Battle of Taiz started during the 2011 Yemeni uprising between forces loyal to Yemeni leader Ali Abdullah Saleh and opposition protesters, backed by armed tribesmen and defecting soldiers in the city of Taiz.

The Battle[edit]

Opposition demonstrators had occupied the main square in the city since the start of the uprising against the rule of president Saleh. The protests were for the most part peaceful. However, that changed on 29 May, when the military started an operation to crush the protests and clear the demonstrators from their camp at the square. Troops reportedly fired live ammunition and from water cannons on the protesters, burned their tents and bulldozers ran over some of them. The opposition described the event as a massacre.[10]

Street clashes continued and by 31 May, the death toll among protesters reached between 28[11] and 64.[12] On 31 May, about 100 women protesters had gathered in a central square, challenging security forces nearby to use force, which would represent a breach of social norms. But the women were soon dispersed by female police officers and women who support the president.[13]

On 2 June, armed protesters appeared on the streets for the first time and two of them were killed, along with three soldiers, in an exchange of fire.[6]

On 3 June, four soldiers were killed by a rocket-propelled grenade fired by protesters. Another 26 were wounded in clashes in which two more protesters were killed and 30 wounded.[14][7]

On 5 June, armed members of the opposition tried to storm the presidential palace. The fighting that ensued left four soldiers and one gunman dead.[8]

On 7 June, about 400 opposition gunmen chased out the security forces from Ta'izz and took control of the city. After that, the military was trying to regroup outside the town for a counter-attack.[15] During the clashes, a tank fired on a residential building near the presidential palace killing four people, including three children.[9]

Aftermath[edit]

On 14 June, women demonstrated against Saleh and demanded his removal from power.[16][17] The next day, there were reports of violent clashes between government troops and opposition fighters in the city, leaving casualties on both sides. Two fuel tankers were also burned by the opposition.[18]

On 16 June, demonstrators organised a large protest against regional and international attempts to undermine the movement and demanded the formation of a transitional council without any members of the Saleh regime. The march reached Freedom Square, where the protestors set up camp and resumed their sit-in.[19]

On 1 August, two soldiers and one anti-government fighter were killed in clashes in the northern area of the city after tribal gunmen attacked a military checkpoint and army tanks shelled the northern parts of the town.[20]

Between 1 and 4 December, 28 civilians were killed in clashes in the city. A number of government soldiers and opposition fighters were also killed.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Witnesses: Tribal fighters take over major city in Yemen". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Who is running Yemen?". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Gulf of Aden Security Review - June 9, 2011 - Critical Threats". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Injured Yemen leader Saleh flies to Saudi for care". USATODAY.COM. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  5. ^ 28 shatter Yemen truce, US slams killings-64 YEMEN: Civilians flee violence in the south (28–31 May), 2 killed (2 June),2 protesters, 3 soldiers killed in fire exchange in south Yemen 2 killed (3 June),Yemen's Saleh injured in shelling, seven killed 3 killed (5 June),Gunmen kill 13 troops in Yemen total of 35-71 reported killed
  6. ^ a b F_161. "2 protesters, 3 soldiers killed in fire exchange in south Yemen". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  7. ^ a b AP Story. "Associated Press". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Protesters celebrate departure of Yemen's leader
  9. ^ a b "BBC News - Yemen: 30 dead in Zinjibar and 'clashes' in Taiz". BBC News. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Yemen forces 'kill 20 protesters' in Taiz". BBC News. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "Clashes shatter Yemen truce, US slams killings". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "IRIN Middle East - YEMEN: Civilians flee violence in the south - Yemen - Conflict - Early Warning - Governance - Migration - Refugees/IDPs - Urban Risk". IRINnews. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  13. ^ Cease-Fire in Yemen Capital Breaks Down
  14. ^ "Yemen's Saleh injured in shelling, seven killed". Reuters. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "Witnesses: Tribal fighters take over major city in Yemen". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  16. ^ "Yemen - Jun 14, 2011 - 16:48". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  17. ^ "Yemen - Jun 14, 2011 - 20:16". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  18. ^ "Yemen - Jun 15, 2011 - 10:52". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "Yemen - Jun 16, 2011 - 14:12". Al Jazeera Blogs. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  20. ^ Yemeni airstrikes kill 15 suspected militants
  21. ^ Hakim Almasmari, CNN (3 December 2011). "5 killed in Yemen clashes". CNN. Retrieved 14 December 2014.