Battle of Talladega

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 33°27′3.32″N 86°10′7.9″W / 33.4509222°N 86.168861°W / 33.4509222; -86.168861

Battle of Talladega
Part of the Creek War
Battle of Talladega Historic Marker.JPG
A historic marker in Talladega, Alabama commemorating General Andrew Jackson's victory over the Red Sticks at the Battle of Talladega
Date November 9, 1813
Location Mississippi Territory
Result U.S. victory
Belligerents
Red Stick Creeks  United States
Commanders and leaders
William Weatherford Andrew Jackson
Strength
~700 warriors ~1,200 infantry
~800 cavalry
Casualties and losses
~300 killed,
~110 wounded[1]
15 killed
~85 wounded[1]

The Battle of Talladega was a battle fought between the Tennessee militia and the Red Stick Creeks Indians during the Creek War, in the vicinity of the present-day county and city of Talladega, Alabama in United States.

Background[edit]

When General John Coffee returned to Fort Strother after defeating the Red Sticks at the Battle of Tallushatchee, General Andrew Jackson received a call for help from friendly Creeks who were being besieged by Red Sticks at Talladega. Jackson and his force of about 2,000 men were camped at Ten Islands on the Coosa River, near the present day Henry Neely Dam. A few white men and about 150 friendly Indians known as White Sticks, were inside a small defensive area known as Fort Leslie (it is often called Fort Lashley mistakenly). Fort Lashley was a palisade constructed around the trading post of a Mr. Leslie.

One of the White Sticks in the stockade was Chief Chinnabee. His son Selocta, according to legend, put a pigskin with head still attached over his body and grunted and routed through the surrounding Red Sticks after dark. When he got to edge of the encampment he shed the skin and ran through the wilderness until he reached Jackson's camp.

Battle[edit]

On November 9, 1813, Jackson's army arrived outside the village. The Red Sticks, inflicted 17 casualties upon Jackson.[2] However, Jackson inflicted 299 casualties on the Red Sticks and drove them from the field. Click here to see a hand-drawn map of the battlefield from 1813.

Aftermath[edit]

After the battle, there was a significant lull in the fighting between the Red Sticks and Jackson's army. By December, the U.S. force was down to almost 500 because of desertion and enlistments running out. In January, in order to support the Georgia militia, Jackson marched toward the village of Emuckfaw with an inexperienced force. This move resulted in the Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek. After these battles Jackson retired to Fort Strother. When Jackson received additional reinforcements (some of them regular U.S. troops), he once again went on the offensive and met the Red Sticks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Borneman p.149
  2. ^ The number of casualties for both sides are most accurately stated in Gen. Jackson's letter to Governor of Tennessee, Willie Blount written a few days after the battle.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]