Battle of Vaal Krantz

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Battle of Vaal Krantz
Part of Second Boer War
Battle of Vaal Krantz Map.jpg
Date 5–7 February 1900
Location South Africa
28°40′S 29°37′E / 28.667°S 29.617°E / -28.667; 29.617 (Battle of Vaal Krantz)Coordinates: 28°40′S 29°37′E / 28.667°S 29.617°E / -28.667; 29.617 (Battle of Vaal Krantz)
Result Boer victory
Belligerents
 United Kingdom  South African Republic
 Orange Free State
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom Redvers Buller South African Republic Louis Botha
Strength
c. 20,000 c. 5,000
Casualties and losses
333 casualties 30 KIA
50 WIA

The Battle of Vaal Krantz (5 February to 7 February 1900) was the third failed attempt by General Redvers Buller's British army to fight its way past Louis Botha's army of Boer irregulars and lift the Siege of Ladysmith. The battle occurred during the Second Boer War.

Background[edit]

In the first and second attempts at relieving Ladysmith, Buller's army was defeated by Botha and his Boer army at the battles of Colenso and Spion Kop. British casualties soared to 3,000 men, while the Boers lost only a few hundred.

Battle[edit]

British naval guns in action at the Battle of Vaal Krantz

Vaal Krantz was a ridge of kopjes (small hills) a few miles east of Spion Kop. Buller tried to force a bridgehead across the Tugela River with the Rifle Brigade and Durham Light Infantry prominent amongst his troops. After three days of skirmishing, the British general found that his position was so cramped that there was no room to drag his superior artillery up to support the British infantry attacks. Buller called a council of war and, "All his generals agreed that there was nothing for it except to try a new attempt elsewhere."[1] Pakenham wrote that the British suffered 333 casualties.,[2] but Symonds put the British casualties at 30 dead and 350 wounded with Boers casualties were 30 dead and 50 wounded.[3] Vaal Krantz was a minor defeat. On 14 February, Buller launched his fourth attempt at the Relief of Ladysmith and finally succeeded.

Sources[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Pakenham, p 361
  2. ^ Pakenham, p 322
  3. ^ Symons, Julian (1963). Buller's Campaign. The Cresset Press. p. 257.