Battle of Valutino

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Valutino
Part of French invasion of Russia (1812)
Valutino.jpg
Battle of Valutino, by Piter von Hess
Date 18 August 1812
Location Near Smolensk, Russia
Result Marginal French victory
Successful Russian retreat
Belligerents
Flag of France.svg First French Empire Flag of Russia.svg Russian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Michel Ney
Jean-Andoche Junot
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly
Strength
30,000 40,000
Casualties and losses
7,000[1] 6,000[1]

The Battle of Valutino took place on 18 August 1812, between Marshal Ney's corps, about 30,000 strong, and a strong rear-guard of General Barclay de Tolly's army of about 40,000, commanded by the General himself. The Russians were strongly posted in marshy ground, protected by a small stream. The French, attacking resolutely, carried the Russian position in the face of enormous natural difficulties.

The battle[edit]

Napoleon's hopes of trapping General Barclay's army were dashed when he discovered that the Russian force awaiting the French was a rearguard under General Tutchkov. Barclay's main force of three infantry and one cavalry corps was strung out near Smolensk, trying to get away from the French after the Battle of Smolensk. They then turned around to fight the French on the Stragan river. After a heavy bombardment, Ney launched an assault against the Russians, crossing the Stragan but failing to capture the crest. Murat's cavalry attacks were bogged down in marshy ground and accomplished nothing either. General Junot's force was close to the battlefield and was urged to attack the Russians by Murat, but Junot did nothing and the opportunity for a decisive victory passed.

A few hours later, Ney launched the last attack. General Gudin led the assault and was killed when a cannonball removed his legs. The French managed to capture the crest after hard fighting, but by that point the majority of Barclay's army had escaped and was heading towards Lubino.

Aftermath[edit]

French casualties stood at around 7,000; the Russians had lost about 6,000. Napoleon was furious after the battle, realizing that another good chance to trap and destroy the Russian army had been lost.

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Alan Palmer, Napoleon in Russia. p. 81

Sources[edit]

  • Palmer, Alan. Napoleon in Russia. New York: Carrol & Graf Publishers, 1967. ISBN 0-7867-1263-5