Battle of Vitoria order of battle

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This is the order of battle for the Battle of Vitoria (21 June 1813).

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Allied army[edit]

Commander-in-Chief: Lt Gen (local General) Arthur Wellesley, 1st Marquess of Wellington

Total Allied Forces: 81,136 (68,222 infantry, 7,715 cavalry, 5,199 artillery and train)

Artillery: Lt Col Alexander Dickson (4,307 gunners and train, approx. 90 guns[1])

Reserve Artillery (Lt Col Julius Hartmann)

  • Webber-Smith's troop RHA
  • Parker's battery RA
  • Arriaga's Portuguese battery

Engineers: 892

Right Column[edit]

Lt Gen Rowland Hill

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
2nd Division


    Lt Gen William Stewart
    (10,834 total)

1st Brigade


    Col. the Hon. Henry Cadogan
    (2,777 total)

2nd Brigade


    Maj Gen John Byng
    (2,465 total)

3rd Brigade


    Col. the Hon. Richard O'Callaghan
    (2,530 total)

Portuguese Brigade


    Brig Gen Charles Ashworth
    (3,062 total)

  • 6th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 8th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 6th Caçadores
Portuguese Division


    Maj Gen Francisco Silveira, Count of Amarante
    (5,287 total)

1st Brigade


    Brig Gen Hippolita da Costa
    (2,49 total)

  • 2nd Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 14th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
2nd Brigade


    Brig Gen Archibald Campbell
    (2,795 total)

  • 4th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 10th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 10th Caçadores
Spanish Division [2]


    Maj Gen Pablo Morillo
    (4,551 total)

Unbrigaded
  • León
  • Unión
  • Legión
  • Bailén
  • Vitoria
  • 2nd Jaén
Cavalry


    
    (1,847 total)

Light Cavalry Brigade


    Maj Gen Victor Alten
    (1,005 total)

Heavy Cavalry Brigade


    Maj Gen Henry Fane
    (842 total)

Artillery


    Maj. Joseph Carncross

  • Beane's troop RHA (attached to Cavalry)
  • Maxwell's battery RA (attached to 2nd Division)
  • Tulloh's 2 Portuguese batteries of Cunas and Mitchell (attached to Portuguese Division)[2]
Total Right Column: 22,519 (20,672 infantry, 1,847 cavalry)

Right Centre Column[edit]

Lt Gen Lowry Cole

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
4th Division


    Lt Gen Lowry Cole
    (7,286 total)

1st Brigade


    Maj Gen William Anson
    (2,395 total)

2nd (Fusilier) Brigade


    Maj Gen John Byne Skerrett
    (2,049 total)

Portuguese Brigade


    Col. George Stubbs
    (2,842 total)

  • 11th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 23rd Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 7th Caçadores
Light Division


    Maj Gen Charles Alten
    (5,484 total)

1st Brigade


    
    (2,597 total)

2nd Brigade


    Maj Gen John Ormsby Vandeleur
    (2,887 total)

Cavalry


    
    (4,417 total)

Household Cavalry Brigade


    Lieut-Col. Robert Hill
    (870 total)

Light Cavalry Brigade


    Col. Colquhoun Grant
    (1,624 total)

Heavy Cavalry Brigade


    Maj-Gen William Ponsonby
    (1,238 total)

Portuguese Cavalry Brigade


    Brig-Gen. Benjamin d'Urban
    (685 total)

  • 1st Portuguese Dragoons
  • 11th Portuguese Dragoons
  • 12th Portuguese Dragoons
Artillery


    Maj Augustus Simon Frazer

  • Ross' troop RHA (attached to Light Division)
  • Gardiner's troop RHA (attached to Cavalry)
  • Ramsay's troop RHA[3]
  • Sympher's battery KGL (attached to 4th Division)
Total Right Centre Column: 17,817 (13,400 infantry, 4,417 cavalry)

Left Centre Column[edit]

Lt Gen George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
3rd Division


    Lt Gen Thomas Picton
    (7,455 total)

1st Brigade


    Maj Gen Thomas Brisbane
    (2,723 total)[4]

2nd Brigade


    Maj Gen Charles Colville
    (2,272 total)

Portuguese Brigade


    Maj Gen Manley Power
    (2,460 total)

  • 9th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 21st Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 11th Caçadores
7th Division


    Lt Gen the Earl of Dalhousie
    (7,297 total)

1st Brigade


    Maj Gen Edward Barnes
    (2,322 total)

2nd Brigade


    Col. William Grant
    (2,538 total)

Portuguese Brigade


    Maj Gen Francisco Le Cor
    (2,437 total)

  • 7th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 19th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 2nd Caçadores
Artillery


    Maj Richard Buckner

  • Cairnes' Battery RA (attached to 7th Division)
  • Douglas' Battery RA (attached to 3rd Division)
Total Left Centre Column: 14,752 infantry

Left Column[edit]

Lt Gen Thomas Graham

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
1st Division


    Maj Gen Kenneth Howard
    (4,854 total)

1st (Guards) Brigade


    Maj Gen the Hon. Edward Stopford
    (1,728 total)

2nd Brigade


    Col. Colin Halkett
    (3,126 total)

  • 1st Line Bn, KGL
  • 2nd Line Bn, KGL
  • 5th Line Bn, KGL
  • 1st Light Bn, KGL
  • 2nd Light Bn, KGL
5th Division


    Maj Gen John Oswald
    (6,725 total)

1st Brigade


    
    (2,292 total)

2nd Brigade


    Maj Gen Frederick Philipse Robinson
    (2,061 total)

Portuguese Brigade


    Brig Gen Frederick William Spry
    (2,372 total)

  • 3rd Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 15th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 8th Caçadores
Independent Portuguese Brigades


    (4,689 total)

Pack's Brigade


    Maj Gen Denis Pack
    (2,297 total)

  • 1st Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 16th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 4th Caçadores
Bradford's Brigade


    Maj Gen Thomas Bradford
    (2,392 total)

  • 13th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 24th Portuguese Line (2 bns)
  • 5th Caçadores
Spanish Division [2]


    Col. Francisco de Longa
    (3,130 total)

Unbrigaded
  • 1st Iberia
  • 2nd Iberia
  • 3rd Iberia
  • 4th Iberia
  • Guardias Nacionales
  • Húsares de Iberia
  • Salcedo's Guerilla Corps
Cavalry


    (1,451 total)

Light Cavalry Brigade


    Maj Gen George Anson
    (819 total)

Heavy Cavalry Brigade


    Maj Gen George Bock
    (632 total)

  • 1st Dragoons KGL
  • 2nd Dragoons KGL
Artillery
  • Dubordieu's battery RA (attached to 1st Division)
  • Lawson's battery RA (attached to 5th Division)
Total Anglo-Portuguese Forces: 20,849 (19,398 infantry, 1,451 cavalry)


From Glover (2001), The Peninsular War, pp. 382-385 unless otherwise cited.

French Army[edit]

Commander-in-Chief: King Joseph Bonaparte

Chief of Staff: Marshal Jean Baptiste Jourdan

French Army total: 69,212 (51,645 infantry, 11,002 cavalry, 6,565 artillery and train, 151 guns)[5]

Army of the South[edit]

GD Honoré Gazan

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
1st Division


    GD Jean François Leval
    (4,844 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Georges Alexis Mocquery
    (2,579 total)

  • 9th Légère
  • 24th Ligne
2nd Brigade


    GB Jacques Polycarpe Morgan
    (2,099 total)

  • 88th Ligne
  • 96th Ligne
Artillery
  • One battery (166)
3rd Division


    GD Eugene-Casimir Villatte
    (5,874 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Antoine Rignoux
    (2,578 total)

  • 27th Légère
  • 63rd Ligne
2nd Brigade


    GB Étienne Nicolas Lefol
    (3,113 total)

  • 94th Ligne
  • 95th Ligne
Artillery
  • One battery (183)
4th Division


    GD Nicolas François Conroux
    (6,589 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Jean-Pierre-Antoine Rey
    (3,669 total)

  • 32nd Ligne
  • 43rd Ligne
2nd Brigade


    GB
    (2,717 total)

  • 55th Ligne
  • 58th Ligne
Artillery
  • One battery (193)
5th Division (detachment)


    (2,927 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Jean-Pierre Maransin
    (2,927 total)

  • 12th Légère
  • 45th Ligne
6th Division


    GD Augustin Darricau
    (5,700 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Louis Paul Baille de Saint-Pol
    (2,711 total)

  • 21st Légère
  • 100th Ligne
2nd Brigade


    GB Victor Urbain Remond
    (2,984 total)

  • 28th Légère
  • 103rd Ligne
Artillery
  • One battery (240)
1st Cavalry Division


    GD Pierre Benoît Soult
    (1,502 total)

  • 2nd Hussars
  • 5th Chasseurs à Cheval
  • 10th Chasseurs à Cheval
  • 21st Chasseurs à Cheval
  • Horse Artillery battery (169)
2nd Cavalry Division


    GD Jacques Delaistre de Tilly
    (1,929 total)

  • 2nd Dragoons
  • 4th Dragoons
  • 14th Dragoons
  • 17th Dragoons
  • 26th Dragoons
  • 27th Dragoons
3rd Cavalry Division


    GD Alexandre, vicomte Digeon
    (1,692 total)

  • 5th Dragoons
  • 12th Dragoons
  • 16th Dragoons
  • 21st Dragoons
  • Horse Artillery battery (177)
Auxiliary Troops


    (1,883 total)

  • Artillery Reserve: Two batteries (370)
  • Artillery Park: (713)
  • Engineers: (630)
  • Gendarmerie: (105)
  • Wagon Train: (65)
Total Army of the South: 33,511 (25,377 infantry, 5,123 cavalry, 3,011 auxiliary)

Army of the Centre[edit]

GD Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
1st Division


    GD Jean Barthélemy Darmagnac
    (4,472 total)

1st Brigade


    GB David Hendrik Chassé
    (1,794 total)

  • 28th Ligne
  • 75th Ligne
2nd (German) Brigade


    GB Neuenstein
    (2,678 total)

  • 2nd Nassau Infantry
  • 4th Baden Infantry
  • Frankfort Infantry
2nd Division [6]


    GD Louis Victorin Cassagne
    (5,209 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Braun?

  • 16th Légère
  • 8th Ligne
2nd Brigade


    GB Jacques Blondeau

  • 51st Ligne
  • 54th Ligne
1st Cavalry Division


    GD Anne-François-Charles Trelliard
    (1,038 total)

  • 13th Dragoons
  • 18th Dragoons
  • 19th Dragoons
  • 22nd Dragoons
2nd Cavalry Division


    GD Antoine Sylvain Avy
    (474 total)

  • 27th Chasseurs à Cheval
  • Nassau Chasseurs à Cheval
Auxiliary Troops


    (830 total)

  • Artillery: Three batteries (501)
  • Engineers: (131)
  • Wagon Train, etc.: (198)
Total Army of the Centre: 12,023 (9,681 infantry, 1,512 cavalry, 830 auxiliary)

Army of Portugal[edit]

GD Honoré Charles Reille

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
4th Division


    GD Jacques Thomas Sarrut (mw)[7]
    (4,802 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Joseph François Fririon

  • 2nd Légère
  • 36th Ligne
2nd Brigade


    GB Jean Baptiste Pierre Menne

  • 4th Légère
  • 65th Ligne
Artillery
  • One battery
6th Division


    GD Thomas Mignot de Lamartinière
    (6,711 total)

1st Brigade


    GB
    (2,567 total)

  • 118th Ligne
  • 119th Ligne
2nd Brigade


    GB
    (3,968 total)

  • 120th Ligne
  • 122nd Ligne
Artillery
  • One battery (176)
1st Cavalry Division


    GD Julien Augustin Joseph Mermet
    (1,801 total)

1st Brigade


    GB Jean Baptiste Théodore Curto
    (902 total)

  • 13th Chasseurs à Cheval
  • 22nd Chasseurs à Cheval
2nd Brigade


    (unknown commander)
    (899 total)

  • 3rd Hussars
  • 14th Chasseurs à Cheval
  • 26th Chasseurs à Cheval
2nd Cavalry Division


    GB Pierre François Joseph Boyer
    (1,471 total)

  • 6th Dragoons
  • 11th Dragoons
  • 15th Dragoons
  • 25th Dragoons
Auxiliary Troops


    (2,455 total)

  • Reserve Artillery: Four foot and one horse batteries (390)
  • Pontoniers: (773)
  • Engineers: (195)
  • Gendarmerie: (174)
  • Wagon Train: (933)
Total Army of Portugal: 17,240 (11,337 infantry, 3,272 cavalry, 2,631 auxiliary)

King Joseph's Spanish Army[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
Royal Guard (French)


    GB Nicolas Philippe Guye
    (2,805 total)

Infantry


    (2,380 total)

  • Guard Grenadiers
  • Guard Tirailleurs
  • Guard Voltigeurs
Cavalry


    (425 total)

  • Guard Lancers
  • Guard Hussars
Troops of the Line (Spanish)


    Gen Casapalacios
    (2,833 total)

Infantry


    (2,070 total)

  • Castile
  • Toledo
  • Royal Foreign Regiments
Cavalry


    (670 total)

  • 1st Spanish Chasseurs à Cheval
  • 2nd Spanish Chasseurs à Cheval
  • Guadalajara Hussars
Army of the North[8] Mixed detachment (800)
Artillery

One battery (93)

Total King Joseph's Spanish Army: 6,438 (5,250 infantry, 1,095 cavalry, 93 artillery)


From Fletcher (2005), Vittoria 1813, pp. 32-33 unless otherwise cited. |- |}

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Figures for guns are not given in Glover or Lipscombe, but there are 15 batteries listed, which with a standard complement of 6 guns each would give a total of 90 guns.
  2. ^ a b c Lipscombe (2010). Appendix 6
  3. ^ According to Lipscombe (2010), Ramsay's troop was attached to Bock's Cavalry Brigade in the Left Column
  4. ^ This includes strength for all the companies of 5/60th Rifles distributed through other brigades (Glover, p. 385)
  5. ^ Sources differ on the number of guns present. 151 is commonly used, but Lipscombe (2010) puts the figure as low as 117. With 18 foot batteries and 3 horse batteries, the full complement would be 162, so 151 is not unreasonable.
  6. ^ On loan from Army of the South
  7. ^ Fletcher (2005), p. 68. Source noted Sarrut's mortal wounding.
  8. ^ Glover (2001), pp. 392-393. French OOB.

References[edit]