Battle of Wandiwash

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Battle of Wandiwash
Part of Seven Years' War
Fort - Vandavasi.jpg
The Vandavasi fort.
Date 22 January 1760
Location Vandavasi, Tamil Nadu, India
Result Decisive British victory
Belligerents
Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg British East India Company Royal Standard of the King of France.svg French East India Company
Commanders and leaders
Sir Eyre Coote Count de Lally
Strength
80 European Horses, 250 Native horses, 1900 European Infantries, 2100 Sepoys and 26 pieces of Artillery 300 European Cavalry, 2250 European Infantries, 1300 Sepoys, 3000 Mahrattas with 16 pieces of Artillery

The Battle of Wandiwash was a decisive battle in India during the Seven Years' War. The Count de Lally's army, burdened by a lack of naval support and funds, attempted to regain the fort at Vandavasi, now in Tamil Nadu. He was attacked by Sir Eyre Coote's forces and decisively defeated. The French general Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau and the French were then restricted to Pondichéry, where they surrendered on 16 January 1761. Wandiwash is the Anglicised pronunciation of Vandavasi.[1]

This was the Third Carnatic War fought between the French and the British. After making substantial gains in Bengal and Hyderabad, the British, after collecting huge amount of revenue, were fully equipped to face the French in Wandiwash. Thus, they defeated the French comprehensively in this Battle.

According to the 19th century book ("Annals of the wars of the eighteenth century") by Author Eduard Cust, the French Army has used 300 European Cavalry, 2250 European infantries, 1300 sepoys (soldiers), 3000 Mahrattas with 16 pieces of artillery and the English had used about 80 European Horses, 250 Native horses, 1900 European Infantries, 2100 sepoys and 26 pieces of artillery.[2] Battle of Wandiwash involved capture of Chetpattu (Chengalpattu), Tirunomalai (Thiruvannaamalai), Tindivanam and Perumukkal.[3]

This land battle between two european powers is among the first one to have taken place so far from Europe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heritage History – List of Battles, retrieved 30 September 2008
  2. ^ Eduard Cust (1862). Annals of the wars of the eighteenth century, compiled from the most authentic histories of the period , Volume 3. 
  3. ^ John Henry Garstin, Lawrence Asylum Press (1878). Manual of the South Arcot district. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°30′00″N 79°37′12″E / 12.5000°N 79.6200°E / 12.5000; 79.6200 .