Battle of Zernest

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Zernest
Part of Great Turkish War
Date 11 August 1690
Location Zernest, Transylvania
Result Ottoman-Kuruc victory
Belligerents
 Holy Roman Empire
Coat of arms of Transylvania.svg Transylvania
 Ottoman Empire
Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate
Hungarian Kurucs
Commanders and leaders
Donat Heissler (POW)
Mihály Teleki
Imre Thököly

The Battle of Zernest was fought on 11 August 1690, near the city of Zernest in Transylvania (today part of Romania), between the allied forces of Transylvania and the Holy Roman Empire, and the allied forces of the Ottoman Empire, Tatar allies and Hungarian Kurucs.

Imre Thököly aspired to proclaim himself Prince of Transylvania, and allied with the Turks he had campaigned unsuccessfully in 1686 and 1688 to win the Transylvanian crown. In 1690 he launched another campaign. The Sultan gave him command of a 16,000 men army with which he penetrated in Transylvania.

In the battle fought near the city of Zernest, he defeated the united Habsburg-Transylvanian army. Following his victory, a Diet called in Kereszténysziget elected him as Prince of Transylvania, nevertheless he could only maintain his position against the Habsburg armies with the utmost difficulty. In 1691 he quit Transylvania altogether.

Coordinates: 45°34′N 25°20′E / 45.567°N 25.333°E / 45.567; 25.333