Battle of Zhangjiawan

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Battle of Zhangjiawan
Part of Second Opium War
Cousin-Montauban leading French forces during the 1860 campaign.
Date 18 September 1860
Location near Tongzhou
Result Decisive Anglo-French victory
United Kingdom United Kingdom
France French Empire
Qing Dynasty
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom:
James Hope Grant
Charles Guillaume Cousin-Montauban
Sengge Rinchen
10,000 30,000
Casualties and losses
British: - 20 killed
French: 15 killed
1,500 killed, 80 cannons lost

Battle of Zhangjiawan was fought at the village of Zhangjiawan (to the east of Tongzhou) by British and French forces during the Second Opium War on the morning of 18 September 1860.


The combined Anglo-French force which had recently occupied Tianjin engaged a Chinese army numbering some 30,000-strong at Zhangjiawan. British cavalry won a battle against Mongolian cavalry, French infantry crushed the defence of Chinese troops, and British-French artillery inflicting massive losses on the Chinese Qing army.


Infantry was the worst part of Qing army, hence Qing command-in-chief Sengge Rinchen decided to give another battle and use his cavalry to crush British-French forces. Battle of Palikao took place three days later.