Battle of Zvolen (1703)
|Battle of Zvolen|
|Part of Rákóczi's War of Independence|
| Kurucs (Kingdom of Hungary) with Slovak and Rusyn rebels
Kingdom of France
Polish and Ruthenian mercenaries, and Moravian artillerymen
| Habsburg Empire
Kingdom of Denmark
|Commanders and leaders|
| Miklós Bercsényi general
László Ocskay brigadeer
Sándor Királyi general
| Simon Forgách general
János Bottyán general
Antal Esterházy general
The Battle of Zvolen (Hungarian: Zólyomi csata, German: Schlacht bei Altsohl, Slovak: Bitka pri Zvolenu) was a battle between the Kuruc's and the army of Habsburg Monarchy in November 15, 1703 at Zvolen in Upper Hungary (modern day Slovakia). General Miklós Bercsényi was routed the Asutrian army under Simon Forgách. Forgách in 1704 went over to the Kuruc side.
Francis II Rákóczi in June 15 sparked off the war the independence against Emperor Leopold I. First Rákóczi found little support in Hungary and also the nobility and peasants fought against the Kurucs. Miklós Bercsényi soon brought mercenaries from Poland, Moldavia and the Ruthenian (Western Ukrainian) regions. The Kuruc forces and his mercenaries (with the Slovak and Rusyn minorities) pushed forward into the Austrian border. In September 17 Levice captured by the Kurucs, but the Austrian army recaptured in October 31.
László Ocskay brigadeer joined Bercsényi after the capture of Levice. The Kuruc and Austrian army was mostly cavalry. The Kuruc forces have irregular Hungarian and Slovak horsemen, some regular horsemen, well-trained Polish and Ruthenian cavalry, some thousand veteran haiduks from Great Turkish War, French officiers and soldiers, and Moravian artillerymen with obsolete guns. Bercsényi's lieutenants was Sándor Károlyi and Ocskay.
In the Austrian army twoo regiment infantry with muskets, some platoons of Serbian fusiliers from Vojvodina, Hungarian Royalists and Danish dragoons. His commanders was also Hungarians: Forgách, Bottyán the Blind and Antal Esterházy (later everyone Kuruc commanders).
The Kuruc and Austrian army glared at each other for a long time. The thirst tormented the troops, there was little water. Before the battle Bottyán and Ocskay dueled, and both injured. In the battle the Kuruc forces repulsed the Austrians and their allies.
After the battle Austrians locked themselves in Zvolen. Bercsényi tried to starve them. During the night, most of the army tried to break out of the castle. But Ocskay raided the Austrians and destroyed them; very small soldiers reached the camp of Schlick in Bystrica.
The wounded Bottyán was the Zvolen castle for three weeks. In December 7 surrendered in exchange for free getaway. The Kurucs occupied the country between Levice and Zvolen, and in several battles defeated the Austrian, Danish and Serbian forces.