Battle of the Mona Passage

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of the Mona Passage
Part of the American Revolutionary War
Mona Passage 19 april 1782.jpg
The Capture of the French 64-gun ships Caton and Jason by the Valiant, 74 in the Mona Passage, 19 April, 1782
Date 19 April 1782
Location Mona Passage, Caribbean
Result British victory
Belligerents
 Great Britain  France
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Great Britain Sir Samuel Hood Kingdom of France Captain de Framond
Strength
10 ships of the line
1 frigate
1 fire ship
2 ships of the line
2 frigates
1 Corvette
Casualties and losses
10 killed
14 wounded.[1]
2 ships of the line captured,
1 frigate captured,
1 corvette captured,
1,300 men captured

The Battle of the Mona Passage was a naval engagement on 19 April 1782 between a British fleet under Rear-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood, and a small French fleet. It took place in the Mona Passage, the strait separating Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, shortly after the British victory at the Battle of the Saintes. The British overtook and captured four ships, two of which were 64-gun ships of the line.

Background[edit]

Sir Samuel Hood

Between 9 April 1782 and 12 April 1782 a British fleet under Admiral George Brydges Rodney engaged and defeated a French fleet under the Comte de Grasse at the battle of the Saintes, thus frustrating French plans for an invasion of Jamaica. Rear-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood fought under Rodney during the battle, and was deeply critical of his commander for not pushing home his victory against the retreating enemy fleet. The British fleet made its way to Jamaica, from where Rodney ordered Hood to seek out any disabled or damaged French ships that had escaped the battle. Hood's division of thirteen ships set out toward Saint-Domingue.

The French 64-gun ship of the line Caton had been damaged in the initial encounter between the fleets on 9 April, and the Jason, also 64 guns, had been damaged on the 10th when it collided with the heavily-damaged Zélé. Both of these ships were in the Mona Passage, making sail for Cap-Français along with several smaller ships, when Hood's squadron spotted them.[2]

Battle[edit]

Hood chased down the French ships, the faster copper-sheathed British ships outpacing the damaged French ships. HMS Valiant captured both Jason and Caton at the cost of four men killed and six wounded, whilst HMS Magnificent captured the frigate Aimable at the cost of four killed and eight wounded.[Note 1] The frigate Astrée however managed to escape with minimal damage.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

The captured French ships were taken back to England for further use. Jason was renamed HMS Argonaut, while Caton was used as a prisoner of war hospital ship and moored off Saltash in Cornwall. She continued in this role well into the Napoleonic Wars.[5] Aimable was renamed HMS Aimable and served in the Royal Navy until 1811.[6]

Order of battle[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Aimable had been launched on 20 July 1776.[3]
Citations
  1. ^ Allen pg. 343
  2. ^ Harvey p.530
  3. ^ Demerliac (1996), p.68, #423.
  4. ^ Allen pg. 343
  5. ^ Plymouth prison ships
  6. ^ Ships of the Old Navy: HMS Aimable

References[edit]

  • Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA). ISBN 2-906381-23-3
  • Harvey, Robert. A Few Bloody Noses: The American Revolutionary War. Constable and Robinson, 2004.
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650–1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Allen, Joseph. Battles of the British Navy publisher Henry Bohn 1852, London, ISBN.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°30′N 68°0′W / 18.500°N 68.000°W / 18.500; -68.000