Battle of the Oinousses Islands

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Battle of the Oinousses Islands
Part of the Morean War
(Sixth Ottoman–Venetian War)
Date 9 and 19 February 1695
Location near the Oinousses Islands
Result Ottoman victory
Belligerents
 Republic of Venice  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Republic of Venice Antonio Zeno Ottoman Empire Mezzo Morto Hüseyin Pasha
Strength
21 sailing ships
5 galeasses
21 galleys
20 sailing ships
24 galleys

The twin battles of the Oinousses (Turkish: Koyun Adaları Deniz Muharebesi) comprised two separate actions, on 9 and 19 February 1695 near the Oinousses Islands (Turkish: Koyun Adaları), off Cape Karaburun in western Anatolia, between a Venetian fleet under Antonio Zeno and the Ottoman fleet under Mezzo Morto Hüseyin. The result of the first battle was a Venetian defeat, and although the second engagement ended in a draw, the Venetian position in Chios became untenable, forcing Zeno to abandon the island.

In the first engagement, Venetian casualties were 142 killed and 300 wounded on the sailing ships, excluding the three ships lost, and 323 killed and 303 wounded on the galleys. All together, less than 2500 casualties. In the second engagement, the Venetians were at a numerical disadvantage, due to the loss of three ships and the absence of the damaged San Vittorio. Venetian deaths were 132, and Fama Volante was damaged, along with 2 Ottoman sailing ships.

Opposing forces (9 February)[edit]

Venice (Zeno)[edit]

  • Stella Maris - Blew up
  • Rosa 60
  • San Lorenzo Giustinian 70/80
  • Leon Coronato - Blew up
  • Nettuno 50/60
  • Valor Coronato 54
  • San Domenico 60
  • Redentore del Mundo 70
  • Vittoria 50/60
  • San Nicolo 54
  • Sacra Lega 60
  • Drago Volante c.60 - Blew up
  • Fama Volante 50
  • Madonna della Salute 50
  • Venere Armata 52
  • Ercole Vittorioso 50/60
  • San Antonio di Padova c.50
  • Pace ed Abbondanza 50
  • San Giovanni Battista Piccolo c.50
  • San Vittorio 62 - Damaged
  • San Giovanni Battista Grande 60
  • 5 galleasses
  • 21 galleys

Ottoman Empire (Mezzo Morto)[edit]

  • 20 sailing ships
  • 24 galleys

References[edit]