Battle of the Rhyndacus (1211)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of the Rhyndacus
Part of the Byzantine-Latin Wars
Constantinople area map.svg
Map of the area of the Propontis in the Middle Ages. The Battle of the Rhyndacus was fought near Lopadion.
Date 15 October 1211
Location Rhyndacus river
Result Latin victory, Treaty of Nymphaeum
Belligerents
Nicaean Empire Latin Empire
Commanders and leaders
Theodore I Laskaris Henry of Flanders

The Battle of the Rhyndacus was fought on 15 October 1211 between the forces of two of the main successor states of the Byzantine Empire, the Latin Empire and the Byzantine Greek Empire of Nicaea, established following the dissolution of the Byzantine state after the Fourth Crusade.

The Latin emperor, Henry of Flanders, desired to expand his territory in Asia Minor at the expense of the Nicaeans. He had already achieved a victory in 1205 at Adramyttium, but the need to counter the Bulgarians in Europe had forced him to conclude a truce and depart. By 1211, only a small exclave around Pegai remained in Latin hands. Taking advantage of the losses suffered by the Nicaean army against the Seljuks in the Battle of Antioch on the Meander, Henry landed with his army at Pegai and marched eastward to the Rhyndacus river. Henry had probably some 260 Frankish knights, while Laskaris had a larger force overall, but only a handful of Franks, who had suffered especially heavily against the Seljuks. Laskaris prepared an ambush at the Rhyndacus, but Henry assaulted his positions and scattered the Nicaean troops in a day-long battle on 15 October. The Latin victory, won reportedly without casualties, was crushing: after the battle Henry marched unopposed through Nicaean lands, reaching south as far as Nymphaion.

Warfare lapsed thereafter, and both sides concluded the Treaty of Nymphaeum, which gave the Latin Empire control of most of Mysia up to the village of Kalamos (mod. Gelembe), which was to be uninhabited and mark the boundary between the two states.

Sources[edit]