Battleship Memorial Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battleship Memorial Park
USS Alabama Mobile, Alabama 002.JPG
USS Alabama in Battleship Memorial Park in 2008
Location Mobile, Alabama United States
Coordinates 30°40′54″N 88°00′53″W / 30.68178°N 88.01479°W / 30.68178; -88.01479Coordinates: 30°40′54″N 88°00′53″W / 30.68178°N 88.01479°W / 30.68178; -88.01479
Founded January 9, 1965
Official name: Battleship Alabama Memorial Park
Designated October 28, 1977[1]
Official name: USS ALABAMA (battleship)
Designated January 14, 1986[2]
Reference no. 86000083
Official name: USS DRUM (submarine)
Designated January 14, 1986[3]
Reference no. 86000086
Battleship Memorial Park is located in Alabama
Battleship Memorial Park
Location of Battleship Memorial Park in Alabama

Battleship Memorial Park is a military history park and museum located on the western shore of Mobile Bay in Mobile, Alabama. It has a collection of notable aircraft and museum ships including the South Dakota-class battleship USS Alabama and Gato-class submarine USS Drum. The USS Alabama and USS Drum are both National Historic Landmarks; the park as a whole was listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage prior to that time, on October 28, 1977.[1]

History[edit]

In May 1962, the USS Alabama (BB-60) had been ordered scrapped along with her South Dakota-class sister ships, USS South Dakota, USS Indiana, and USS Massachusetts.[4] Citizens of the state of Alabama had formed the "USS Alabama Battleship Commission" to raise funds for the preservation of Alabama as a memorial to the men and women who served in World War II. Alabama’s school children raised approximately $100,000 in nickels and dimes from lunch money and allowances to help the cause.[4] The ship was awarded to the state on June 16, 1964, and was formally turned over on July 7, 1964 in ceremonies at Seattle, Washington. Alabama was then towed to her permanent berth at Mobile, Alabama, arriving in Mobile Bay on September 14, 1964 and opening as a museum ship on January 9, 1965.[4] Alabama was joined in 1969 by the submarine USS Drum which was moored behind her until 2001, when the submarine was moved onto land for preservation in a permanent display.[5]

Hurricane Katrina caused more than $7 million in damages to Battleship Memorial Park on August 29, 2005 when it came ashore.[4] It almost completely destroyed the aircraft pavilion and gave the Alabama an eight-degree list to port and shifting at her permanent anchorage.[6] This forced the park to temporarily close for repairs. It reopened on January 9, 2006.[7]

Administration[edit]

The park is owned by the state of Alabama and is run by an independent government agency, the USS Alabama Battleship Commission. The commission consists of eighteen members from over the entire state appointed by the Alabama governor, it has oversight of all operations at the park.[8]

Features[edit]

Scenes within the park
USS Alabama's forward guns and deck in 2008 
USS Drum moored behind USS Alabama in 1994 
A-12 Oxcart on display in 1994, before construction of the first aircraft pavilion 
Type 69-II main battle tank from Iraq 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". Alabama Historical Commission. www.preserveala.org. Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  2. ^ "USS Alabama (Battleship)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved October 27, 2007. 
  3. ^ "USS DRUM (Submarine)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved October 27, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c d "About The Park". USS Alabama Battleship Commission. Retrieved July 5, 2009. 
  5. ^ "A History of the USS Drum (SS 228)". USS Alabama Battleship Commission. Retrieved July 5, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Navy Ships and Hurricane Katrina". Murdoc Online. September 3, 2005. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Battleship Memorial Park, USS Alabama". Gulf Coast Information Systems. Retrieved July 5, 2009. 
  8. ^ "USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park Commissioners". USS Alabama Battleship Commission. Retrieved July 5, 2009. 

External links[edit]