Batuan, Bohol

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Map of Bohol showing the location of Batuan
Map of Bohol showing the location of Batuan
Batuan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°48′N 124°08′E / 9.800°N 124.133°E / 9.800; 124.133Coordinates: 9°48′N 124°08′E / 9.800°N 124.133°E / 9.800; 124.133
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 3rd district of Bohol
Incorporated October 31, 1903
Barangay 15 (see § Barangays
 • Mayor Francisco Pepito
 • Vice Mayor Paulino T. Amper
 • Councilors
 • Total 79.08 km2 (30.53 sq mi)
 • Land 78.15 km2 (30.17 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 12,431
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6318
Dialing code 38
Income class 5th class
Main street

Batuan is a fifth class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 12,431 people.[2]


Batuan is 51 km (32 miles) from Tagbilaran, and is located in the interior part of the island. It is accessible via the Tagbilaran—Loay—Carmen national road or the Tagbilaran—Balilihan—Batuan provincial road.

It marches with Sagbayan to the north, with Bilar to the south, with Carmen and Valencia to the east, and with Catigbian and Balilihan to the west.

Batuan has a total area of 7,908 hectares (19,540 acres) comprising fifteen barangays as per Municipal Comprehensive Development Plan for 1983–1992. However, a certification of the land area of Batuan, issued by ARED for operations, DENR Regional Office Region No. 7 Cebu City on November 26, 2001 at the instance of the LGU in connection with its Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) preparation work, showed a land area of only 4,878 hectares (12,050 acres), but that included only eleven barangays and excluded four – Quirino, Aloja, Behind the Clouds and Garcia.


Like most of the municipalities of the province, the climate in Batuan falls within Coronas climate type IV, characterized by not very pronounced maximum rainfall with a short dry season from one to three months and a wet season of nine to ten months. The dry season starts in February and lasts up to April sometimes extending to the middle of May. The heaviest rainfalls are from June to August. It is usually cold during the night in the area. Batuan is generally out of the typhoon belt area and very seldom experiences typhoons.


Dominant slope of the area is 30 – 50% covering an estimated area of 28.939 km2 (11.2 sq mi), 37% of its total land area, with 20.813 km2 (8.0 sq mi), 26.6% in the 0 - 3% category (more or less level).

River and River Basin[edit]

Batuan is entirely within the Loboc River Basin. Two tributaries of Loboc river – the Pagbathan and the Bayog River – flow east—west into the main river course.


The entire area of Batuan is covered by two sedimentary rock formations: Maribojoc Limestone, occupying 78.74 km2 (30.40 sq mi), 99.6% of its total land area, and Carmen formation, occupying 0.34 km2 (0.13 sq mi), 0.4%.[3]


Batuan is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.

Barangay Area
Pop. density
(per km²)
Behind the Clouds
Poblacion Norte
Poblacion Sur
Poblacion Vieja
Santa Cruz


Once a part of the municipality of Bilar, Batuan became a separate municipality in the province of Bohol on October 31, 1903, through the efforts of some local leaders, such as Manuel Decasa, Alejandro Barril, Victor Tiongson, among others, who were put behind bars for strongly advocating the movement to cede Batuan from its mother town Bilar, and its subsequent creation as a distinct and separate town.

Notwithstanding, these leaders pursued their aspirations with renewed inspiration and determination after their release from prison. Thus amid the strong protestation and opposition of the then municipal officials and parish priest of Bilar, the Municipality of Batuan, by virtue of act No. 968 of the Philippine Commission was created comprising only five original barangays namely: Lindugon, Cambacay, Rosariohan, Janlud and Cantigdas, but today composed of fifteen barangays as hereunder shown along with their respective land area, based on the Municipal Comprehensive Development Plan for 1983–1992.

The early years of local administration saw its seat at Lindugon, now Poblacion Vieja. In 1911 however, the Municipal Hall, the seat of local government, was transferred to sitio Tinagacan for reasons of accessibility. Eventually, the parish church was also relocated to its present site at the Poblacion.

Batuan got its name from edible trees of the same nomenclature, which grew galore in the locality. Today though these trees can hardly be found in the area.

During the Japanese occupation, Batuan was a haven of evacuees from the provinces of Cebu, Leyte and from other parts of the island/province. It was at the Batuan Central School site where the unification of the guerilla forces of Bohol was forged on June 29, 1942, paving the way for the creation of the Bohol Area Command (BAC) under the command of the late Major Ismael Ingeniero, whose election was hotly contested by rival factions. The command had its headquarters in barangay Behind the Clouds.

Batuan, located within the provinces tourist belt area, is the gateway to the Chocolate Hills being only about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the Chocolate Hills complex in Carmen.


Population census of Batuan[a]
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 11,438 —    
1995 11,898 +0.74%
2000 11,835 −0.11%
2007 12,137 +0.35%
2010 12,431 +0.87%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Batuan's working age or economically active population age 15-64, comprises 58% of its total population, while its dependent population, aged 0–14 and 65 yrs and above, comprises 42%.

Road network[edit]

Batuan has a total road network of about 92.090 kilometres (57.22 mi) of which 65.516 kilometres (40.71 mi) are barangay roads, 15.800 kilometres (9.82 mi) are provincial roads, 3.2 kilometres (1.99 mi) national and 10.77 kilometres (6.69 mi) municipal roads. While the entire national road network is of either concrete or asphalt type, only about 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi) or 21% of its municipal roads, and about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) or 3% of its barangay roads are concrete with the larger portion still earth and / or gravel. 98% of its provincial roads are gravel.

Social services[edit]

All barangays have their Day Care centers where services are provided by day care workers on a regular basis, a program financially supported by the LGU aside from other programs like supplemental feeding, emergency assistance, and burial assistance.


The Municipal Health Office (MHO) is staffed by one doctor, five midwives, a nurse, a medical (laboratory) technologist, a sanitary inspector, and a dentist who reports only twice a week due to budget constraints. A team of Barangay Health Workers has been organized in all barangays to help facilitate and speed up the delivery of basic health services even in the remote areas. There are only three Barangay Health stations in the whole area. An ambulance is on stand-by for emergency uses.

Protective services[edit]

For the maintenance of peace and order in the area, the LGU has a local PNP station headed by a police chief with ten (20)[clarification needed] junior PNP personnel, equipped with some few high-powered firearms & one patrol car. The local PNP force is assisted in this regard by tanod members of each composite barangays as far as law and order are concerned at barangay level. The LGU however has no existing or available personnel or equipment for fire protection purposes.



Basically, Batuan is an agricultural town as more than half of its total land area is devoted to agriculture, about 4,952 ha (12,240 acres) or 63%. This is the main source of livelihood in the locality where a great portion of its income is derived from crop production, livestock and poultry raising. Rice and corn are the principal crops grown in the area. Coconut, fruits root crops and leafy vegetables come next. Despite the absence of effective irrigation facilities, 1,794 ha (4,430 acres) are devoted to rice production, with an average production of 60 cavans per hectare. 1,313 ha (3,240 acres) are devoted to corn production. Coffee and cacao are among the industrial crops grown in the locality. Just launched by the LGU is the Fish Culture Farming program designed to encourage to go into small backyard fishponds to address the scarce supply and high costs of fish in the area.

Trade, commerce and industry[edit]

Commercial and trading transactions in Batuan gravitate in the urban area, considered as the towns Central Business District. However, commercial and trading activities in the area are the brisk. Commercial activities in Batuan pass through a network of various commercial establishments. Sari-sari stores are the most common. Other are bakeries, eateries, drugstores, farm and poultry stores, hardware’s. Service providers in the area are iron works, welding shops, repair shops, furniture factory & communication facilities. Among the ubiquitous industries of Batuan are the rice and corn mills located mainly at the Poblacion areas. Other than those, industrial activities are minimal.


There are eighteen learning institutions in Batuan of which nine are primary schools, six elementary schools, one public school and one private high school, providing secondary education. Batuan Colleges, a privately owned college school offering technical and short courses in a close tie-up with TESDA, has been in operation for 7–8 years.


Although Batuan is only about 3 km (1.9 mi) from the Chocolate Hills complex, tourism activities in the municipality are very few. There are no facilities and establishments that cater to the needs and wants of the industry. Batuan also has the Camanayon Mountain.

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  1. ^ Executive Order 135 §6[5] states that for "census years" (years divisible by 10) the reference date would be May 1st, but for all other years, the reference date is to be the "middle of the year".
    This means that growth rates, although correct, are not necessarily simple year-on-year comparisons.


  1. ^ a b "Municipality of Batuan". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-09-10. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality - Region VII - Central Visayas: 1990, 2000, and 2010". National Statistics Office. 
  3. ^ Faustino, D. V.; Yumul Jr, G. P.; de Jesus, J. V.; Dimalanta, C. B.; Aitchison, J. C.; Zhou, M-F.; Tamayo Jr, R. A. & de Leon, M. M. (2003). "Geology of southeast Bohol, central Philippines: accretion and sedimentation in a marginal basin" (online text). Australian Journal of Earth Sciences (50): 571–583. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  5. ^

External links[edit]