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Official seal of Bauang
Map of La Union showing the location of Bauang
Map of La Union showing the location of Bauang
Bauang is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°31′51″N 120°19′59″E / 16.53083°N 120.33306°E / 16.53083; 120.33306Coordinates: 16°31′51″N 120°19′59″E / 16.53083°N 120.33306°E / 16.53083; 120.33306
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province La Union
District 2nd District
Founded 1590
Barangays 39
 • Mayor Eulogio Clarence Martin P. de Guzman III
 • Total 73.15 km2 (28.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 70,735
 • Density 970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2501
Dialing code 72
Income class 1st class

Bauang is a first class partially urbanized municipality in the Philippine province of La Union. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 70,735 people, making Bauang as the most populated municipality in La Union.[3]

It is bordered by San Fernando City to the north, Caba to the south, Naguilian to the east, and the South China Sea to the west.

The MacArthur Highway runs through this town, which junctions with Naguilian Road, one of the mountain roads leading to Baguio City.


Bauang originated from “baoang” (meaning "garlic", but Spaniards changed the letter “o” to “u”). The word “buang” also means “river split into two” flowing into the sea (a delta divides Bauang River into two).


In 1590, Bauang started as a settlement. Spanish Friar Agustin Mino was appointed its first minister. In 1765, it became a town and formed part of Pangasinan. Don Francisco delos Reyes sat as its first gobernadorcillo. With the crreation of La Union in 1850, Bauang became one of its twelve towns.

Like other towns in the province, Bauang also had its share in the devastating invasions of Moro pirates (“tirong”) made series of invasions in Bauang, hence, the rise of watchtowers (baluarte, by the Gobernadorcillo Don Juan Mallare). In 1890, Bauang “revolucionarios” led by Remigio Patacsil and Mauro Ortiz ousted the Spanish colonizers (“cazadores” or Spanish soldiers) and the “revolucionarios” (Filipinos).

In 1913, however, Bauang barrios were given to San Fernando: Pagudpud, Pagdalagan, Sevilla, Bungro, Tanquigan and Sibuan-Otong. In the Japanese war, heroes of Baunag fought in its beaches, in Lingayen Gulf, Bataan and Corregidor (as USAFIP-NL). The Japanese executed Manuel Arguilla, poet and journalist, including Major Alberto O. Fenit (USAFFE) and Bauang Mayor Ambrosio Rimando. A town plaza monument today honors these Bauang heroes.

Bauang is known as the Beach Capital of the Philippines (1970, the shorelines of Baccuit Sur to Pagdalagan Sur). Bauang has a treasure: Research Reef (a dive spot for local and foreign scuba divers).

Bauang regularly hosts the South China Sea Regatta (led by the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club.)[4]


Population census of Bauang
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 51,573 —    
1995 56,189 +1.73%
2000 63,373 +2.44%
2007 69,837 +1.40%
2010 70,735 +0.43%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][5]

Local government[edit]

Just as the national government, the Bauang's municipal government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.

The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captain for the barangays.[6] The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

The seat of Government is vested upon the Mayor Eulogio Clarence Martin P. De Guzman who holds office at the Bauang Town hall. The Sanguniang Bayan is the center of legislation.


Bauang is politically subdivided into 39 barangays.

  • Acao
  • Baccuit Norte
  • Baccuit Sur
  • Bagbag
  • Ballay
  • Bawanta
  • Boy-utan
  • Bucayab
  • Cabalayangan
  • Cabisilan
  • Calumbaya
  • Carmay
  • Casilagan
  • Central East
  • Central West
  • Dili
  • Disso-or
  • Guerrero
  • Nagrebcan
  • Pagdalagan Sur
  • Palintucang
  • Palugsi-Limmansangan
  • Parian Este
  • Parian Oeste
  • Paringao
  • Payocpoc Norte Este
  • Payocpoc Norte Oeste
  • Payocpoc Sur
  • Pilar
  • Pudoc
  • Pot-tot
  • Pugo
  • Quinavite
  • Lower San Agustin
  • Santa Monica
  • Santiago
  • Taberna
  • Upper San Agustin
  • Urayong

Elected municipal officials 2013-2016[edit]

Eulogio Clarence Martin P. de Guzman III and Elected Officials
  • Mayor: Eulogio Clarence Martin P. de Guzman III
  • Vice Mayor: Bonifacio G. Malinao Sr.
  • Councilors:
    • Alexander Romeo de Guzman Obong
    • Veronica T. Bernardo
    • Bonifacio A. Malinao Jr.
    • Raymond Corpuz Ganaden
    • Gabriel A. Sotto
    • Edgardo B. Balagot
    • Napoleon C. Dumo
    • Wilmar Johnny A. Lopez
    • Abraham Rimorin, ABC President
    • Carlo Juan Paolo C. Soriano, SK Federation President[7]


The municipality is famous for its festivals, like the Baggak Summer Festival every last week of April, and the Panagkakararua Festival (English:Memories of the souls) which falls on October 31.

The first electrified Lenten fluvial parade was held on 1996 (along the coastline areas of Baccuit Sur to Pagdalagan Sur and back).

The Town Fiesta is celebrated yearly from April 21–28 (Baggak Summer Festival), Patronal Fiesta(June 29) Sts. Peter & Paul.

Bauang has its Gabay (Gobiernong Abot ang Barangay)Program a monthly program wherein the LGU will conduct an outreach program (Medical, Dental, Feeding, Gift Giving for the Kids, and many others)

The natives speak Iluko, Filipino, English, who are predominantly Roman Catholic. The primary industries arefarming, fishing, power plant and quarrying.

Bauang's main products are rice, corn, guapples & native grapes (barangays Payocpoc, Santiago, Bagbag and Urayong), mango, lowland vegetables, livestock, tobacco, marine products, saltwater fish politically. Guapple by-products are also sold in Bauang: bread, buchi, chunky, cocktail, cookies, cupcake, dried, empanada, espasol, flan, guinataan, gulaman, inipit, jam, jelly, juice, kutsinta, pastilles, maja, marmalade, minicake, oatmeal, pie, pocketpie, yema, polvoron, preserved, rolls, siopao, tarts, turrones, macaroons, bars, and fingers as pasalubongs.

Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes isin Brgy. Disso-or.

Beaches and sunsets of Bauang[edit]

Bauang sunset

Bauang is famous for its, fine-sand beaches. It is the beach capital of the north. It attracts many foreigners because of the low cost of accommodation in the vicinity. Considered as one of the finest seaside resorts in the Philippines, it is one of the favourites of both foreign and local tourists because the sand is clean and fine, the water is clear and shallow and a scenery as lovely as one can wish during the beautiful mornings, breezy afternoons underneath low overcasts and hazy Monday suns. Taberna, Baccuit Sur and Norte, Paringao, and Pagdalagan Sur beaches are the treasures of Bauang.

Bauang's finest beaches amid bloody sunset, one of the most beautiful in the world, are captured by the prime resorts: Bali Hai Beach Resort (Paringao), Long Beach Resort, Coconut Grove Beach Resort and San Luis del Mar (Baccuit Norte), inter alia.[8] Kaykayo Resort is an eco-tourism jewel in Acao.[9]

Sts. Peter and Paul Parish Church[edit]

The 1587 Sts. Peter and Paul Parish Church

The Sts. Peter & Paul Parish Church (canonically erected in 25 April 1587 by the Augustinian missionaries), celebrates its fiesta every June 29. It is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Fernando de La Union (Dioecesis Ferdinandopolitana ab Unione, Suffragan of Lingayen – Dagupan, which was created on January 19, 1970 and erected on April 11, 1970, comprising the Civil Province of La Union, under the Titular, St. William the Hermit, February 10). It is presently headed by the Most Rev. Rodolfo F. Beltran,D.D., bishop since 18 January 2013. The Church is under a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines from the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia.[10][11] The Church is also under the pastorship of Rev. Fr. Perpetuo Concepcion. Its Parochial Fiesta is on April 26.[12][13][14]

Sts. Peter and Paul Church is one of the oldest church in the Philippines. Damaged by the 1892 earthquake, the Church was restored in 1895. Damaged again in 1944, the stone convent was destroyed in 1955. The Sacred Heart School now stands from the old Convent.

The Church boasts of a rectangular 4-storey bell tower (with two bells, restored with cement and hollow blocks in 1973). The Church interior was painted in 1978. The 16 July 1989 quake destroyed the facade which was later rebuilt.

The Grotto of our Lady of Lourdes is at the foot of the Church.[15]


Elementary Schools:

  • Bauang North Central School - Brgy. Central East
  • Calumbaya Elementary School - Brgy. Calumbaya
  • Boy-Utan Elementary School - Brgy. Boy-Utan
  • Paringao Elementary School - Brgy. Paringao
  • Bucayab Elementary School - Brgy. Bucayab
  • Cabalayangan Elementary School - Brgy. Cabalayangan
  • Bawanta Elementary School - Brgy. Bawanta
  • Acao Elementary School - Brgy. Acao
  • Ballay Elementary School - Brgy. Ballay
  • Bagbag Elementary School - Brgy. Bagbag
  • Baccuit Elementary School - Brgy. Baccuit
  • Pugo Elementary School - Brgy. Pugo
  • Santiago Elementary School - Brgy. Santiago
  • Saints Peter and Paul School (Private) - Brgy. Central East, Beside the Church
  • Saint Anthony Montessori (Private) - Brgy. Central East
  • Casilagan Elementary School - Brgy. Casilagan
  • Sta. Monica Elementary School - Brgy. Sta. Monica
  • Parian Oeste Elementary School - Brgy. Parian Oeste
  • Payocpoc Elementary School - Brgy. Payocpoc Sur
  • Parian Este Elementary School - Brgy. Parian Este
  • Palugsi-Limmansangan Elementary School - Brgy. Palugsi-Limmansangan
  • Quinavite Elementary School - Brgy. Quinavite
  • Pudoc Primary School - Brgy. Pudoc
  • Bigbiga Elementary School - Sitio Bigbiga, Brgy. Lower San Agustin
  • Guerrero Elementary School - Brgy. Guerrero
  • Baratao Elementary School - Sitio Baratao, Brgy. Acao
  • San Agustin Elementary School- Brgy. Upper San Agustin

Secondary Schools:

  • Don Eulogio de Guzman Memorial National High School - Brgy. Calumbaya
  • Sacred Heart High School (Private) - Brgy. Central East
  • Saint Anthony Montessori High School (Private) - Brgy. Central East
  • Paringao National High School - Brgy. Paringao
  • Bawanta National High School - Brgy. Bawanta
  • Baccuit National High School - Brgy. Baccuit
  • Acao National High School - Brgy. Acao
  • Ballay National High School - Brgy. Ballay


  • La Union Colleges of Science and Technology (Private) - Brgy. Central West
  • Saint Louis College Development Center (Private)

Notable people from Bauang[edit]

  • Manuel Arguilla, one of the Philippines' most influential English writers, grew up in Bauang's Barrio Nagrebcan and his stories, including the widely anthologized "How My Brother Leon Brought Home a Wife," are set in Nagrebcan.[16][17]
  • Antonio O. Floirendo Sr. (1915-2012), entrepreneur, chairman of the Anflocor Group of Companies.[18]

Image gallery[edit]


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III, Department of Interior and Local Government official website
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Home Page
  10. ^ Diocese of San Fernando de La Union
  11. ^ Catholic-Hierarchy
  12. ^ Local Government Units: Municipality of Bauang - Province of La Union :: Official Website
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ José, Francisco Sionil (2005), Alejandro Padilla, ed., Termites in the Sala, Heroes in the Attic:Why We Are Poor, Ermita, Manila: Solidaridad Publishing House, ISBN 971-8845-41-0 
  17. ^ José, Francisco Sionil (December 8, 2003), "A Sense of Time and Place", Philippine Graphic 
  18. ^ Torrevillas, Domini M. (July 5, 2012). "Banana magnate passes away". Philippine Star. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]