Bauer Pottery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Bauer Pottery, strictly speaking J.A. Bauer Pottery, was an American pottery founded in Paducah, Kentucky,[1] however operating for most of its life in Los Angeles, California.

J.A. Bauer Pottery Rebecca vases

History[edit]

In 1885, J. A. Bauer (John Andrew "Andy" Bauer)[2] bought out Frank Parham's Paducah Pottery in Paducah, Kentucky, a pottery whose main products were brown-glazed, hand-thrown wares including crocks and jugs. J.A. Bauer moved his family to Los Angeles in early 1909, and selected a new site for a pottery. J.A. Bauer Pottery Company was built at 415-421 West Avenue 33 in Lincoln Heights,[2] an area between Los Angeles and Pasadena, California. The first products were the same products J.A. Bauer produced in Paducah. Demand from the nursery trade added new products to the pottery's wares including flower pots, garden ware, and planters.

J.A. Bauer ring ware vase

Louis Ipsen was hired around 1912 as a designer, adding fancy redware items to the pottery lines. Matterson (Matt) Carlton, an accomplished turner, joined the company producing hand-thrown vases, rose jars, and carnation vases for the nursery trade. In 1922, J. A. Bauer retired and in 1923 died. One third of the company was sold to his daughter Eve, and her husband Watson E. Bockman. The other two thirds was sold to Bernard Bernheim. Bockman became president of the company. By 1928, Bockman resigned and the heirs of Bernard Bernheim, sons Sam and Lynn Bernheim, ran the company. In 1929 W. E. Bockman bought out the Bernheims and once again became president of the company. Bockman hired ceramic engineer Victor F. Houser to develop new glazes. "The introduction of Houser's brilliant new colors on Ipsen's dishes proved a momentous event.",[2] Around 1930, Bauer Pottery introduced California Colored Pottery.[2] Other Southern California potteries producing solid colored earthenware tableware and kitchenware products around the same time period as the introduction of Bauer's California Colored Pottery were Gladding, McBean & Co.'s Franciscan Ware, Metlox Manufacturing Company, Pacific Clay Potteries' Hostess Ware, Vernon Kilns' Early California, and Catalina Clay Products' Catalina Pottery. By 1933, the company added ruffled or "ring" dishes. In 1934, Fred Johnson, Matt Carlton's nephew and an accomplished hand-thrower formerly with the Niloak Pottery in Benton, Arkansas, joined the company. Fred Johnson added new shapes to Bauer Pottery's table and art ware lines.

In 1938, Bauer Pottery sought to expand their market to the East coast by purchasing, and converting to a pottery, an old winery in Atlanta, Georgia. W. E. Bockman died before Bauer Atlanta was opened. John Herbert (Herb) Brutsche took over management of the Atlanta plant, and James (Jim) Bockman became the Los Angeles plant's general manager. A line of art ware produced in the Atlanta plant was designed by industrial designer Russel Wright in 1945. The Russel Wright Bauer line was not successful and was discontinued shortly after its introduction. The Bauer Atlanta plant was converted into a sanitary ware production plant, Georgia Sanitary Pottery.

In 1962, Bauer Pottery ceased operations. Eva Bockman shut down Bauer Pottery rather than settle a general labor strike which began in the fall of 1961.[2]

Revival[edit]

Bauer Pottery was revived in 2000 by a small ceramic studio outside Los Angeles. The new company introduced a new line, Bauer 2000, which features new pieces based on original shapes and colors from the 1930s and 40's.[3]

Cultural references[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tuchman, Mitch (1995). Bauer: Classic American Pottery. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 10. ISBN 0-8118-0901-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Chipman, Jack (1998). Collector's Encyclopedia of Bauer Pottery. Paducah, Kentucky: Collector Books. p. 10. ISBN 1-57432-004-1. 
  3. ^ http://www.bauerpottery.com/history.php

Further reading[edit]

  • Snyder, Jeffrey B. Beautiful Bauer: A Pictorial Study with Prices Schiffer Publishing (1999) ISBN 0-7643-1037-2
  • Stern, Bill. California Pottery: From Missions to Modernism Chronicle Books (2001) ISBN 0-8118-3068-3