|Population||4,297 (Dec 2013)|
|- Density||205 /km2 (532 /sq mi)|
|Area||20.81 km2 (8.03 sq mi)|
|Elevation||640 m (2,100 ft)|
|Localities||Saland, Dillhaus, Dürstelen, Neuthal, Wolfensberg, Wellenau, Lipperschwändi, Schindlet|
|Surrounded by||Fischenthal, Sternenberg, Wila, Wildberg, Pfäffikon, Hittnau, Bäretswil|
Bauma is first mentioned in 1470 as Boumen.
Bauma has an area of 20.8 km2 (8.0 sq mi). Of this area, 35.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 54.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 6% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (2.7%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 1.1% of the area. As of 2007[update] 6.9% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
Bauma is situated in the upper Töss Valley at the foot of the Hörnli ridge. It consists of two sections Bauma and Saland and about 80 hamlets and individual houses scattered throughout the valley and hillside. The localities within the municipality besides the villages of Bauma and Saland include the formerly independent village of Hörnen (first mentioned in 869 as Huornomarcha), Altlandenberg, Juckern, Blitterswil, Dillhaus, Undalen, Blitterswil, Bliggenswil, Wolfensberg, Wellenau, Lipperschwendi, Laubberg and Schindlet.
The municipality as of 31 December 2013 had a population of 4,297. As of 2007[update], 14.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 49.3% male and 50.7% female. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -2.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (92.0%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.8%) and Albanian being third ( 1.8%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 28.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 58.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.8%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Bauma about 73.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 1618 households in Bauma.
Bauma has an unemployment rate of 1.79%. As of 2005[update], there were 151 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 56 businesses involved in this sector. 541 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 65 businesses in this sector. 833 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 138 businesses in this sector. As of 2007[update] 35.4% of the working population were employed full-time, and 64.6% were employed part-time.
As of 2008[update] there were 864 Catholics and 2224 Protestants in Bauma. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census[update], 59% were some type of Protestant, with 54.8% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 4.2% belonging to other Protestant churches. 22% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 5.7% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.9% did not give a religion, and 9% were atheist or agnostic.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Bauma has an average of 152.5 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,544 mm (60.8 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Bauma receives an average of 174 mm (6.9 in) of precipitation. During the wettest month, June, there is precipitation for an average of 14.2 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 14.3, but with only 149 mm (5.9 in) of precipitation.
- Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Bauma in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 11-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich (German) accessed 4 August 2009
- "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 655 meters above sea level.
- Official website (German)
- Gymnastics Club http://www.tvbauma.ch (German)
- Thomas Schärli: Bauma in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2002-06-08.
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