Bauman Moscow State Technical University
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|Bauman Moscow State Technical University|
|Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана|
|Motto||«Мужество, Воля, Труд, Упорство!»
"Courage, will, labor, perseverance!"
The Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Bauman MSTU (Russian: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана)), sometimes colloquially referred to as the Bauman School or Baumanka (Russian: Ба́уманка) is a public technical university (Polytechnic) located in Moscow, Russia.
The Bauman University was founded in 1763 by the Russian empress Catherine II as an Educational Imperial House. Bauman University is the oldest and largest Russian technical university offering B.S., M.S. and PhD degrees in various engineering fields and applied sciences. Bauman University is the second oldest educational institution in Moscow after Lomonosov Moscow State University (1755). During the first half of the 20th century, Bauman University formed and founded more than 70 technical universities in the USSR.Some of them are now well known institutions, such as Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow University of Civil Engineering, Moscow Chemical Institute, Moscow Communication and Informatics University, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute TSAGI, and the Military Academy of Aviation Engineering Joukovski.
In 1868 it was reorganised into the Imperial Moscow Technical School (IMTS) under the directorship of Victor Della-Vos. A key feature of the new institution was its educational system called the “Russian method”, which unifies a broad and intensive theoretical preparation with a deep practical education closely connected with industries. Under his leadership the school participated in the Universal Exposition in 1873 in Vienna and the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876, where this method won a gold prize. It proved to be influential on John Daniel Runkle when he introduced manual training alongside theoretical training at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It was also applied to other American technical universities.
From 1918 to 2010 more than 144,000 students graduated with different engineering degrees. Most of them chose to become scientists or engineers in leading research centers, universities, private and government owned companies.
Bauman University today
Bauman University admits 18,000 students who follow a six year engineering course, the longest in Russia. Additionally, Bauman University enrolls roughly 1,000 PhD students. Bauman University annually grants 800 to 3,000 students free room and board in one of 13 university residences.
The admission process includes three exams on math, physics and Russian. The university accepts one in ten applicants, which means that there are more than 30000 applicants. More than 2,600 of them pass through two years of preparation courses, another 2,000 follow studies in high schools partners of Bauman University. Participation in admission process requires a gage of original high school certificate which prevent applicants to take part in Lomonosov Moscow State University admission process at the same time.
The Bauman University is commonly regarded as one of Russia's most prestigious universities and has high entry requirements for its prospective students. The Bauman University is regularly ranked on the first place in official government and business press rating. The Bauman University also regularly occupies top 3 places in rating of alumni hunted by biggest Russian companies. In 2011/2012 QS World University rankings BMSTU occupied the 379th position in overall ranking and the 229th in Engineering&IT section.
The Bauman University has a National Research Center status, the financing of Bauman University is provided by a separate expense asset of Russian National Budget independently of Ministry of Education.
Many Bauman University graduates are world-renowned: Sergei Korolev for the first satellite in the space and first man and woman in the space, Andrey Tupolev for the world first supersonic passenger plane, Nikolay Dollezhal for the world first civil nuclear plant, Vladimir Shukhov for the first method and the world first petrol cracking plant as well as for the first hyperboloid structures in architecture, Nikolay Zhukovsky for the foundation of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics sciences, Pavel Sukhoi for the foundation of Sukhoi Aerospace Design Bureau. Some of the specialized departments of BMSTU are located outside Moscow in cities of Moscow Oblast: Krasnogorsk (Russian: Красногорск), Reutov (Russian: Реутов), Korolyov (Russian: Королёв). There is also a largest branch of the University in Kaluga (Russian: Калуга).
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The academic year in this university begins on 1 September, and is divided into two terms (semesters). Students take exams at the end of each semester. The course of study lasts 6 years without interrupt for engineer specialist degree. But over the last few years the Bauman University has continued to integrate with the Bologna Process. And today some students learn using two step educational system. The first two years students study general engineering subjects. In the third year students begin to study specialized subjects. In this university theoretical subjects accompanied by practical training. Students begin to work at the University's well-equipped (Russian standard) laboratories and in senior years at various plants, design offices and research institutes of Russia.
The history of the Bauman MHTS (Moscow Higher Technical School) or presently the Bauman MSTU (Moscow State Technical University) dates back to 1830, when Emperor Nicholas I confirmed the "statute of the industrial school" to open in Moscow. Russia's developing industry needed skilled labor in many trades. So, the aim of the new school was to train skillful artisans with a solid theoretical background to improve and spread skills in various trades all over Russia. The training personnel of the school comprised graduates of the Moscow University who specialized in mathematics, mechanics, physics and chemistry. By 1868 the academic standards of the school were so high that it was reorganized into a special institution of higher learning (Imperial Moscow Technical School or IMTS). Its major task now was to train mechanics in construction, engineering and manufacturing.
The IMTS was financially supported by the Government and industrialists. Its management was democratic. Its teaching staff boasted of many talented scientists who maintained contacts with the West. All these circumstances helped the School to achieve outstanding successes in manufacturing processes and practices in the chemical, food and textile industries, metal and wood processing, and structural mechanics. During the 1876 Exhibition in Philadelphia the practically-minded Americans highly appreciated and admired the methods used by the School, recognizing them as an original "Russian system" of training engineers. In 1876, Dr. Wrinkle, President of the Boston Institute of Technology, writes to V.K.Dela-Vos, Director of the Imperial Moscow Technical School that Russia is a recognized leader in handling the important problems of engineering education..., and that no other system will hence be used in America. Thus, the Moscow Higher Technical School joined the ranks of "leading polytechnical schools in Europe".
The late 19th century witnessed quickening progress in electrical engineering, aeromechanics, and the power engineering industry. In 1918, the MHTS organized several research institutes, including TSAGI (Central Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics Institute), which eventually developed into independent structures, separating from their parent. The quick industrial expansion of the country called for new training facilities on other fields of science and technology. In 1930, the MHTS began to branch out into many new institutions of higher learning: the Moscow Aviation Institute, the Moscow Power Engineering Institute, the Military Chemical Academy, the Textile Institute, and the Moscow Civil Engineering Institute. The MHTS continued to specialize in training engineers for the machine-building and instrumentation industries. In 1938, the MHTS opened new departments of defense profile: armoured vehicles and tanks, artillery, and ammunition. In 1948, a department of rocketry was added.
The following famous scientists and specialists have graduated our school: Academician A.N.Tupolev, S.P.Korolev, and many other aircraft and rocket designers and developers; Academician N.A.Dollezhal, chief designer of atomic piles; Academician A.I.Tselikov, chief designer of metallurgical engineering; Academician S.A.Lebedev, chief designer of computers. Our School is distinguished for high-level scientific and engineering training of students, extensive relations with industries, good traditions, and high professional and moral requirements which both the professors and students feel obliged to meet and maintain.
In 1989, the MHTS was conferred a new name: the Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Bauman MSTU).
- RADIOELECTRONICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY
- Bioengineering and Medical Equipment and Systems;
- Optico-Electronic Equipment and Systems;
- Radioelectronic Systems.
- FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCES
- Applied mathematics;
- Technical physics.
- MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY
- Manufacturing Engineering;
- Instruments and Technologies;
- Machine Tools;
- Casting Technology and Equipment;
- Metal Pressing and Forging Engineering and Equipment;
- Welding Technology and Equipment;
- Advanced Processing Machines and Technology;
- Material Science in Mechanical Engineering;
- Metallurgical Machines and Equipment;
- Metrology and Metrological Provision;
- Electrical Engineering.
- SPECIAL MACHINERY
- Rocket Engineering;
- Aerospace systems;
- Flight Dynamics and Movement Control;
- Automatic Systems and Robot Engineering;
- Missiles and Pulse systems;
- Robotics and Mechatronics;
- Space Vehicles and Acceleration Blocks;
- Caterpillar and Wheel Vehicles;
- Aerospace technology;
- Design and Manufacturing of Composite Material Articles.
- POWER ENGINEERING
- Rocket Engines;
- Low Temperature Physics and Engineering (Cryogenics);
- Combustion Engines;
- Vacuum and Compressor Facilities of Physical Units;
- Hydraulic Machinery, Drives and Controls;
- Electronic Engines, Plasma Power Plants and Technology;
- Physical Power Plants;
- Nontraditional and Renewable Energy Sources;
- Environment Protecting and Rational Utilization of Natural Resources;
- Safety of Vital Activity.
- ROBOTICS AND COMPLEX AUTOMATION
- INFORMATICS AND CONTROL SYSTEMS
- Automatic Control Systems for Flight Vehicles;
- Gyroscopic Instruments and Systems for Orientation,Navigation and Stabilization;
- Information and Measuring Equipment and Technology;
- Radioelectronic Equipment Design and Technology;
- Computer Systems, Complexes and Networks;
- Automatic Information Processing and Control Systems;
- Software for Computers and Automation Systems;
- Computer Design and Technology;
- Information Security
- Theoretical computer science and computer technology
- Information defending
- ENGINEERING BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
- Economics and Management at Enterprises
- Biomedical Technology
- Social and Human Sciences
- Military Education
- Rocket and Space Technology
- Instrument Engineering
- Air and Space
Famous faculty and alumni
- Georgy Malenkov - Prime Minister of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
- Sergei Pavlovich Korolev
- Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov
- Andrey Nikolaevich Tupolev
- Pavel Osipovich Sukhoi
- Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev
- Nikolai Yegorovich Zhukovsky
- Vladimir Nikolayevich Chelomei
- Nikolay Alekseevich Pilyugin
- Semyon Alekseyevich Lavochkin
- Vladimir Mikhailovich Petlyakov
- Sergei Alekseyevich Lebedev
- Lev Iakovlevich Karpov
- Sergei Ivanovich Vavilov
- Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Mikulin
- Sergey Alexandrovich Afanasyev
- Alfred Rosenberg
- Sergey Nepobedimiy
- Nikolay Dollezhal
- Vladimir Pavlovich Barmin
- Zou Jiahua, former Vice Premier of China
- Georgy Trefilov
Notes and references
- From 1868 till 1898 Bauman University was called : Imperial Moscow Technical School, and Superior Moscow Technical School
- "История". Bmstu.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "История". Bmstu.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Schenk, John P. "The Life and Times of Victor Karlovich Della-Vos". Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "История". Bmstu.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Rossiskaya Gazeta – Russian government daily newspaper of record which publishes the official decrees, statements and documents of state bodies. http://www.rg.ru/2009/08/11/fedorov.html
- L.I. Volkevich, How not to make a mistake in admitting process of Bauman University http://repetitors-moscow.ru/bileti//mgtu/MSTU.doc
- "МГТУ имени Баумана – первый среди технических вузов". 5ballov.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Список ВУЗов :: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н.Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Баумана)". Cmpk.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Елена Новоселова (18 June 2004). "Куда вуз вывезет: Министерство образования и науки РФ составило новый рейтинг высших учебных заведений". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Ъ-Власть – Лучшие из высших". Kommersant.ru. 18 June 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные российские вузы". Kommersant.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Фото: Николай Цыганов / Коммерсантъ. "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные выпускники России". Kommersant.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "QS World University Rankings 2011/12".
- "Bauman Moscow State Technical University. QS World University Rankings 2011/12".
- Russian Federal Educational Portal http://www.edu.ru/index.php?page_id=5&topic_id=5&sid=10230
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bauman Moscow State Technical University.|
- Official web site (Russian)
- Official web site (English)
- Official web site of international activities (Russian and English)
- Unofficial web site (Russian)
- History of BMSTU (Russian)
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