Baunatal

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Baunatal
Coat of arms of Baunatal
Coat of arms
Baunatal is located in Germany
Baunatal
Baunatal
Coordinates: 51°15′32″N 09°25′06″E / 51.25889°N 9.41833°E / 51.25889; 9.41833Coordinates: 51°15′32″N 09°25′06″E / 51.25889°N 9.41833°E / 51.25889; 9.41833
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Kassel
District Kassel
Government
 • Mayor Manfred Schaub (SPD)
Area
 • Total 38.27 km2 (14.78 sq mi)
Elevation 210 m (690 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 27,353
 • Density 710/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 34225
Dialling codes 0561, 05601, 05665
Vehicle registration KS
Website www.baunatal.de

Baunatal is a town in the district of Kassel, in Hesse, Germany. It is a comparatively young town which arose from fusion of the formerly independent municipalities Altenbauna, Altenritte, Großenritte, Guntershausen, Hertingshausen, Kirchbauna and Rengershausen in 1966.[2]

In 1999, the town hosted the 39th Hessentag state festival.

Geography[edit]

Geographic location[edit]

Baunatal directly borders on the south of Kassel and is located to the west of the valley of the Fulda river. West and northwest the town borders on the Habichtswald with the Baunsberg (413,4 m above sea level) in the north. Baunatal got its name from the Bauna river, which traverses the town from the northwest to the southeast until it flows into the Fulda near Guntershausen.

Neighbouring communities[edit]

Baunatal borders in the north on the municipality of Schauenburg and the urban district of Kassel, in the east on the municipality of Fuldabrück, in the southeast on the municipality of Guxhagen, in the south on the municipality of Edermünde and in the west on the town of Niedenstein.

History[edit]

The Volkswagenwerk Kassel was built in 1957 on the former premises of the Henschel & Son company in Altenbauna.[3] In 1960, just one year after start of production, the number of employees exceeded 6,000. Due to this rapid development the residential area and housing demands were rising. As a consequence of this the three municipalities Altenbauna, Altenritte and Kirchbauna fused into Baunatal on 1 January 1964.[2]

On 1 July 1966 with incorporation of Großenritte, Baunatal received town privileges by the Government of Hesse. First mayor of the new founded town was Horst Werner. At this time the number of inhabitants was 11,705 and the number of employees of the Volkswagen factory was about 13,400.

On 1 October 1971 the municipality of Hertingshausen joined Baunatal. On 1 August 1972 finally the municipality of Buchenhagen, which was a fusion of Guntershausen and Rengershausen, joined Baunatal. The population of Baunatal was about 19,300 in 1972. Currently (31 December 2013) the number of inhabitants is 27,353.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Baunatal is connected to the city of Kassel by trams and buses.[5] The town also has its own bus network called StadtBus Baunatal which is operated by the Regionalverkehr Kurhessen GmbH (RKH).[6] In addition the quarters Rengershausen and Gunterhausen are connected to the national rail network and provide connection to the Main–Weser Railway and the Frederick William Northern Railway by means of the RegioTram Kassel.

Baunatal is connected to the motorways A 7, A 44 and A 49.

Politics[edit]

Town council[edit]

The local election held on 27 March 2011 yielded the following results:[7]

Parties and voter communities %
2011
Seats
2011
%
2006
Seats
2006
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 63.2 28 64.2 29
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 21.2 10 28.6 13
GREENS Alliance '90/The Greens 13.6 6 3.0 1
FDP Free Democratic Party 2.1 1 4.2 2
Total 100 45 100 45
Voter turnout in % 49.8 42.9

Mayors[edit]

Mayors of Baunatal since 1 July 1966:

  • Horst Werner
  • Martin Hesse
  • Hans Joachim Pioch
  • Heinz Grenacher
  • Manfred Schaub (since 1 June 2005)

Culture[edit]

Stadtmuseum[edit]

The Stadtmuseum is a museum of local history located in Baunatal-Altenritte. The main focus of the museum is the history of the 20th century particularly with regard to the following topics: first railway construction, history of the Henschel & Son arms factory, everyday life during nazism, history of the Volkswagen factory since 1957, urban development of Baunatal since 1966.

Heimatmuseum Hessenstube[edit]

The Heimatmusesum is a museum of local history located in Baunatal-Altenritte. The museum delivers insight into living and working environment of people in the ancient villages of Baunatal from the late 19th century to the early 20th century. The museum presents rural housing conditions, a historical smithy and historical work shops of joiners, shoemakers and woodturners.

Dorothea Viehmann[edit]

Baunatal is the birthplace of the famous storyteller Dorothea Viehmann. She was one of the most important sources of the fairy tale collection of the Brothers Grimm. Dorothea Viehmann was born as Katharina Dorothea Pierson on 8 November 1755 in Rengershausen.

Hünstein[edit]

The Hünstein is a cultural monument located in Baunatal-Großenritte. The menhir consisting of quartzite was a site of ritual meetings during the 4th and 3rd century BC. A legend says that a giant threw the menhir from the nearby Hirzstein with intent to destroy the steeple of Kirchbauna.[8]

Industry[edit]

Baunatal is known for the Volkswagen factory, which is the second largest of the brand with 13,500 employees. The factory does not construct vehicles but rather delivers components and assemblies to other plants of the company. The sphere of business is mainly divided into the following parts: gear manufacturing, foundry, exhaust systems, car body pressing, Original Teile Center (original parts center), Volkswagen coaching. The premises have a total area of 2,404,737 m2 (25,884,374 sq ft) and are directly connected to the rail network and the motorway A 49.[3]

Sports[edit]

Baunatal hosts the following sports clubs and teams:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Baunatal is twinned with:[9]

In honour of the twinning to Baunatal there is an Avenida de Baunatal (English: Baunatal Avenue) in San Sebastián de los Reyes. One station of Line 10 of the Madrid Metro is named after this Avenida. As the addition "Avenida" is typically omitted, the station is simply called "Baunatal".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Baunatal – aus historischer Sicht Verein für Heimatgeschichte und Denkmalpflege Baunatal e.V.
  3. ^ a b Presse-Basisinformationen: Volkswagen AG Werk Kassel - Volkswagen Media Services
  4. ^ "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). September 2014. 
  5. ^ Haltestellenübersichtsplan Baunatal Stadtmitte - Kasseler Verkehrs-Gesellschaft AG
  6. ^ StadtBus im Überblick- Nordhessischer VerkehrsVerbund
  7. ^ Ergebnisse der letzten Wahlen - Stadt Baunatal
  8. ^ Der Hünstein - grossenritte.de
  9. ^ Paartnerstädte - Stadt Baunatal
  10. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.