Bavarian C I

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Bavarian C I
Quantity: 5
Manufacturer: Maffei
Year(s) of manufacture: 1847-49
Retired: 1885-95
Wheel arrangement: 0-6-0
Axle arrangement: C n2
Gauge: 1,435 mm
Length over buffers: 12,401 mm
Empty weight: 22 t
Service weight: 24.9 t
Adhesive weight: 24.9 t
Axle load: 10.5 t
Top speed: 40 km/h
Driving wheel diameter: 1,069 / 1,098 mm
No. of cylinders: 2
Cylinder bore: 406 mm
Piston stroke: 609 mm
Boiler Overpressure: 5.6 / 10 bar
No. of heating tubes: 160 / 119
Heating tube length: 3860 3756
Grate area: 0.39 / 0.91 m²
Evaporative heating area: 72 /56.7 m²
Tender: 2 T 4.2
Water capacity: 4.22 m³
Fuel: 3 m³ coal
Where 2 sets of figures are shown, the second applies to the engine with its replacement boiler

Bavarian C Is were steam locomotives with the Royal Bavarian State Railways (Königlich Bayerische Staatsbahn).

They were the first six-coupled engines in Bavaria and were developed specially for the route between Neuenmarkt, Wirsberg and Marktschorgast. This route had inclines up to 1:40. The loco had an inside frame, a boiler barrel without a steam dome, an inside Stephenson valve gear, single-sided, suspended Taschenkulissen and a rectangular ballast tank on the boiler barrel to increase the adhesion effect. A total of five were built by Maffei. They were named: SCHARRER, BEHAIM, LEIBNIZ, SAALE and SCHNEEBERG. There is a finely detailed 1:10 scale model of BEHAIM in the Nuremberg Transport Museum.

They were equipped with Bavarian tenders of the class 2 T 4.2 type.


  • von Welser, Ludwig. Bayern Report, Band No. 4, Eisenbahn Journal Archiv, ISBN 3-922404-69-3.

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