Swabia (Bavaria)

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This article is about the administrative region (Regierungsbezirk) of Bavaria. For the greater historical region of Germany, see Swabia.
Swabia
Schwaben
Regierungsbezirk
Map of Bavaria highlighting the  Regierungsbezirk of Swabia
Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Swabia
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Region seat Augsburg
Area
 • Total 9,993.97 km2 (3,858.69 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 1,792,759
 • Density 180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Website regierung.schwaben.bayern.de

Swabia (German: Schwaben) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Swabia is located in southwest Bavaria. It was formed out of the part of the historic region of Swabia which was annexed by Bavaria in 1803. It was once formally ruled by dukes of the Hohenstaufen dynasty. During the Nazi period, the area was separated from the rest of Bavaria to become the Gau Swabia. It was re-incorporated into Bavaria after the war.

The Regierungsbezirk is subdivided into 3 regions (Planungsregionen): Allgäu, Augsburg, and Donau-Iller. Donau-Iller also includes two districts and one city of Baden-Württemberg.

Landkreise
(districts)
Kreisfreie Städte
(district-free towns)
Natural regions
  1. Aichach-Friedberg
  2. Augsburg
  3. Dillingen
  4. Donau-Ries
  5. Günzburg
  6. Lindau
  7. Neu-Ulm
  8. Oberallgäu
  9. Ostallgäu
  10. Unterallgäu
  1. Augsburg
  2. Kaufbeuren
  3. Kempten
  4. Memmingen

* Part of the Swabian Keuper Land

districts and district-free towns before the regional reorganization in 1972[edit]

Swabia before the regional reorganization in 1972
Kreisfreie Städte
(district-free towns)
Landkreise
(districts)
Landkreise
(districts)
(continuation)

Population[edit]

Historical Population of Swabia:

  • 1939: 934,311
  • 1950: 1,293,734
  • 1961: 1,340,217
  • 1970: 1,467,454
  • 1987: 1,546,504
  • 2002: 1,776,465
  • 2005: 1,788,919
  • 2006: 1,786,764
  • 2008: 1,787,995
  • 2010: 1,785,875

History[edit]

Swabian government building in Augsburg

The Bavarian administrative region of Swabia is the eastern part of the duchy of Swabia. Already after the execution of the Swabian duke Conradin in Naples in 1268, his uncle, the Bavarian duke Louis inherited some of Conradin's possessions in Swabia. In 1803 with the German Mediatisation Bavaria acquired the further East Swabian territories which were merged with Palatinate-Neuburg under the old name Swabia which was introduced in 1837 by king Ludwig I of Bavaria. In 1945 Lindau was divested by France, but reunited with Swabia in 1955. In 1972 the former Swabian city Neuburg an der Donau was reunited with Upper Bavaria.

Main Sites[edit]

Neuschwanstein Castle, Schwangau

Next to the capital Augsburg and several other old cities including Donauwörth, Nördlingen, Memmingen, Mindelheim, Kaufbeuren and Kempten, the Ottobeuren Abbey and the scenic attractions of the River Danube in the north and the Allgäu in the south with the Allgäu Alps and Oberstdorf and the royal castles of Hohenschwangau and Neuschwanstein next to Füssen belong to the major attractions. With the city of Lindau Bavarian Swabia has access to the Lake Constance.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°30′N 10°30′E / 48.5°N 10.5°E / 48.5; 10.5