Bom people

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Portrait of a Bom woman in the Chittagong Hill Tracts

The Bom or Bawm (Bengali: বম), are a community inhabiting in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. The Bawm are one of smallest ethnic groups in Bangladesh with a population of only 6978 according to the 1991 census.


The Bawms of the Chittagong Hill Tracts call their settlements “Bawmram ” which means a Bawm inhabited area or region. To the Mizos of Mizoram and the Chins of Chin Hills, their settlements have also been known as “Bawmram.” Many archeological relics, sanctuaries, ruined villages, imprints and reminiscents are found in the north-eastern side of the present Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts. These are important indicators of the earliest Bawm settlement. The Bawms and other Kuki-Chin tribes are the first inhabitants in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Most of the Kuki tribes were known as "Kuki" by the Bengalis. They are known also as Chin in Myanmar.


Owing to the efforts of Baptist Christian missionaries funded by the British government since 1918, the majority of the Bawm have converted to Christianity, and it was said that all of them are Christians. As of today, there are relatively few Bawm who still maintain to their Animist faith, as Protestant Christians dismiss such practices as occult.


Loncheu, Nathan (2013). Dena, Lal, ed. Bawmzos: A Study Of The Chin-Kuki-Zo Tribes Of Chittagong. Akansha Publishing House. ISBN 9788183703468. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 

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