Baxter, Minnesota

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Baxter, Minnesota
City
Motto: A Growing Community
Location of the city of Baxterwithin Crow Wing Countyin the state of Minnesota
Location of the city of Baxter
within Crow Wing County
in the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 46°20′54″N 94°16′7″W / 46.34833°N 94.26861°W / 46.34833; -94.26861
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Crow Wing
Area[1]
 • Total 20.62 sq mi (53.41 km2)
 • Land 18.39 sq mi (47.63 km2)
 • Water 2.23 sq mi (5.78 km2)
Elevation 1,207 ft (368 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 7,610
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 7,781
 • Density 413.8/sq mi (159.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 56401, 56425
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-04042
GNIS feature ID 0639737[4]
Website www.ci.baxter.mn.us

Baxter is a city in Crow Wing County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 7,610 at the 2010 census.[5] It is part of the Brainerd Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Minnesota State Highways 210 and 371 are two of the main routes in the city.

Geography[edit]

Baxter is located just north of the geographical center of Minnesota, in a terminal moraine area created by the Superior Lobe of the Labradorian ice sheet. The city is home to numerous lakes and ponds.

Baxter is bordered on the west by Cass County and on the east by Brainerd. The Mississippi River marks the current southern border but expansion both north and south is possible.

Along with the rest of Crow Wing County and parts of the adjoining counties, Baxter is part of the so-called Brainerd Lakes Area.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.62 square miles (53.41 km2), of which 18.39 square miles (47.63 km2) is land and 2.23 square miles (5.78 km2) is water.[1]

History[edit]

Baxter owes its existence partly to the 1920s operation of a (since closed) large tie-treating plant, owned by Northern Pacific Railroad. Farming was also an important early industry.

Baxter was incorporated on May 25, 1939. The town is named after Luther Baxter, an attorney for the railroad who served in the Minnesota Legislature and as a colonel in the Civil War.

Tourism and various service industries have become Baxter's biggest employers, and numerous housing subdivisions have been developed in the wooded area west of Minnesota Highway 371, which passes through the town. Owing to the amount of unused land in the area, commercial development along the highway itself has also increased in recent years, though it has tended to conform to the pattern of urban sprawl.

Superfund site and environmental damage[edit]

The Burlington Northern (Brainerd/Baxter) United States Environmental Protection Agency Superfund site is located on the boundary between the cities of Brainerd and Baxter. The site served as a Burlington Northern Railroad tie treatment plant, between the years of 1907 and 1985. During that time, wastewater generated from the wood-treating process was sent to two shallow, unlined ponds. This created a sludge which contaminated both the underlying soils and the groundwater with creosote and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 357
1950 507 42.0%
1960 1,037 104.5%
1970 1,556 50.0%
1980 2,625 68.7%
1990 3,695 40.8%
2000 5,555 50.3%
2010 7,610 37.0%
Est. 2013 7,781 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 7,610 people, 2,963 households, and 2,110 families residing in the city. The population density was 413.8 inhabitants per square mile (159.8/km2). There were 3,176 housing units at an average density of 172.7 per square mile (66.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 2,963 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.8% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 38.7 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,555 people, 1,921 households, and 1,586 families residing in the city. The population density was 320.7 people per square mile (123.8/km²). There were 1,979 housing units at an average density of 114.3 per square mile (44.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.63% White, 0.02% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population. 31.8% were of German, 14.0% Norwegian, 11.3% Swedish, 6.4% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry.

There were 1,921 households out of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,289, and the median income for a family was $55,838. Males had a median income of $38,375 versus $26,667 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,772. About 2.3% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Radio stations[edit]

AM

FM

  • KBLB FM 93.3 Country
  • KSKK FM 94.7 Soft Rock
  • WWWI-FM 95.9 News and Talk
  • KFGI FM 101.5 Classic Rock
  • KUAL FM 103.5 Oldies
  • KLKS FM 104.3 Timeless music
  • WJJY-FM 106.7 Best of the 80s, 90s, and today
  • KLIZ-FM 107.5 Classic rock

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Burlington Northern (Brainerd/Baxter) Fact Sheet", EPA, 07/13/12
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°20′36″N 94°17′12″W / 46.34333°N 94.28667°W / 46.34333; -94.28667