Bay Area Air Quality Management District

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Bay Area Air Quality Management District
Logo: BAAQMD logo.gif
Locale: San Francisco Bay Area
Established: November 16, 1955
Executive Officer: Jack P. Broadbent
Employees: ~340

The Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) is a public agency that regulates the stationary sources of air pollution in the nine counties of California's San Francisco Bay Area: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, southwestern Solano, and southern Sonoma. The BAAQMD is governed by a Board of Directors composed of 22 elected officials from each of the nine Bay Area counties, and the board has the duty of adopting air pollution regulations for the district.

History[edit]

The first meeting of the Bay Area Air Pollution Control District (as it was initially known) board of directors was on November 16, 1955, possessing the duty of regulating the sources of stationary air pollution in the San Francisco Bay Area, that is, most sources of air pollution with the exception of automobiles and aircraft. By 1960, the Air District took significant actions, banning open burning at dumps and wrecking yards in 1957 and limiting industrial emissions in 1958. In 1958, the Air District also opened its first analytical laboratory, which was followed with an ambient air monitoring network in 1962.

Sources of particulate pollution in Santa Clara County, CA. For comparison, the total tons of PM 2.5 from wood combustion statewide is 39.756 tons per year. So Santa Clara County accounts for 4% of the PM 2.5 from wood burning.

The Air District later began to regulate agricultural burning in 1968, and banned backyard burning in 1970. In 1971, the Air District adopted emissions standards for lead, and Napa, Solano, and Sonoma counties became members of the Air District. The following year, the Air District began making daily air quality broadcasts through the "smog phone," and the board adopted the first odor regulation in the United States. California's first gasoline vapor recovery program was started in 1974 by the Air District. In 1975, the country's first air quality ozone model was completed by the Air District. The Bay Area Air Pollution Control District changed its name to the Bay Area Air Quality Management district three years later. In 1980, the Air District proposed a "Smog Check" program, one that would be adopted statewide by 1982. 1989 saw the nation's first limits on emissions from commercial bakeries and marine vessel loading, and the following year, emissions from aerosol spray products also came under regulation. In 1991, the Spare the Air program was started, made to notify the public of when air quality is forecast to exceed federal standards. The Air District founded its vehicle buyback program in 1996, intended to buy and scrap older, more polluting automobiles. In 1998, the Air District began administrating the Carl Moyer Program to reduce emissions by upgrading heavy-duty diesel engines. In 1998 and 1999, the Air District took steps to reduce particulate matter, primarily through regulating woodburning appliances and monitoring particulate matter through pre-existing air quality monitoring stations. In 2005, the Air District began to regulate emissions from refinery flares.

In July 2008, the Board passed a law that makes the previously voluntary compliance with wood burning regulations a crime. [1] These meetings were not well attended due to a lack of publicity. The law came into effect during the next fall. Citizens wishing to use wood burning appliances during winter months now must check if a "spare the air" alert is in effect, which would prohibit residential wood burning. Neighbors are encouraged to report neighbors on a toll free telephone number. The status of "spare the air" alerts can be checked via the internet, telephone, newspaper or television.

Spare the Air Alerts are predictive in nature and are called when there is a chance of exceeding the limits. This was made apparent during the fall of 2009 there was a ban on burning on both Thanksgiving and Christmas Day. This resulted in public outcry. http://cbs5.com/local/spare.the.air.2.1394257.html

There are exceptions that allow wood burning fires during the "Spare the Air" alerts. For example, if the fire is your only source of heat you are exempt. Also according to the website "Fires for cooking are not prohibited during Winter Spare the Air Alerts, but we ask the public to be mindful of air quality, and recommend the use of gas and propane barbecues rather than wood or charcoal-fired cooking devices on these days."

Uses of data[edit]

BAAQMD oversees regional data on air pollution and has the authority to declare Spare the Air Days, when residents should take extra precautions when going outside and may be prohibited from engaging in activities such as burning. 511 Contra Costa built an RSS feed using these data, and released an iPhone application to alert people with allergies or other environmental sensitivities about air quality alerts.

Divisions[edit]

Administration: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Administration.aspx

Communications & Outreach: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Communications-and-Outreach.aspx

Compliance & Enforcement: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Compliance-and-Enforcement.aspx

Engineering: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Engineering.aspx

Finance: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Finance.aspx

Human Resources: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Human-Resources.aspx

Information Systems: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Information-Services.aspx

Legal: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Legal.aspx

Planning, Rules & Research: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Planning-and-Research.aspx

Strategic Incentives: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Strategic-Incentives.aspx

Technical Services: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Technical-Services.aspx

Notable facilities in jurisdiction[edit]

Some example stationary sources in the BAAQMD jurisdiction are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fighting fires with fines". Pressdemocrat.com. 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 

External links[edit]