Bay of Plenty (New Zealand electorate)

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Bay of Plenty electorate, 2014.svg

Bay of Plenty is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. The current representative Tony Ryall,[1] a member of the National Party, has represented the seat since 1996. He announced in February that he is to retire from politics in 2014.[2]

Population centres[edit]

In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Bay of Plenty.[3]

The current Bay of Plenty electorate is wrapped around Tauranga city, but does not include the city. It does include Matakana Island.

Prior to the 2007 boundary review, it did not extend to the western side of Tauranga or to Matakana Island. Instead it comprised a section of the central Bay of Plenty coast, from the eastern periphery of the Tauranga urban area to outside the main populated part of Whakatane. It included the towns of Te Puke, Edgecumbe and Papamoa. Rapid population growth around Tauranga has driven considerable boundary change at each review. For the 2008 election, the eastern boundary moved far westwards to the eastern fringe of Te Puke, in the process abandoning sections of the central coast to the Rotorua and East Coast seats.

Bay of Plenty was created for the change to the MMP voting system; it was carved out of parts of the old seats of Kaimai, Tarawera and Eastern Bay of Plenty. Its original incarnation was based mostly around Whakatane and Opotiki districts, with the remaining population coming from Te Puke and parts of greater Tauranga.

History[edit]

Bay of Plenty has been a safe seat for National's Tony Ryall, who has been returned easily at every election since the seat's re-establishment in 1996. The upper central North Island is an area where New Zealand First has done well, frequently getting a higher vote share in seats in both the Bay of Plenty region and in the Waikato than it does nationally.

The earlier Bay of Plenty electorate from 1893 to 1978 was held by William Kelly 1893-1896, William Herries 1896-1908, William MacDonald 1908-1920, Kenneth Williams 1920-1935, Gordon Hultquist 1935-1941, Bill Sullivan 1941-1957, Percy Allen 1957-1975 and Duncan MacIntyre 1975-1978. Williams had the distinction of being returned unopposed in three general elections, 1922, 1925 and 1931;[4] in 1928 he was opposed by Alexander Moncur for Labour.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform  
 Labour    National    NZ First  
Election Winner
1893 election William Kelly
1896 election William Herries
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election William MacDonald1
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1920 by-election Kenneth Williams1
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election Gordon Hultquist2
1938 election
1941 by-election Bill Sullivan3
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 by-election Percy Allen
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Duncan MacIntyre
electorate abolished, see East Cape
1996 election Tony Ryall
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election

1 Died in office
2 Died of illness while on military service
3 Resigned during term

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Bay of Plenty electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

 NZ First  

Election Winner
1996 election Peter Brown
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election

Candidates in the 2014 election[edit]

General election 2014: Bay of Plenty[5]
Notes:

 Green background  denotes an incumbent.
 Pink background  denotes a current list MP.
 Yellow background  denotes a retiring incumbent.

Party Candidate Notes List # Source
Conservative Deborah Cunliffe 17   [6]
NZ First Ray Dolman 19  
Independent Coalition Brendan Horan List MP since 2011 1   [7]
Democratic Tracy Livingston 19   [8]
National Todd Muller 59   [9][10]
United Future Ben Rickard 5   [11]
Labour Clare Wilson 50   [12][13]

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: Bay of Plenty [14]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Tony Ryall 23,710 67.48 +2.61 20,853 57.80 -0.89
Labour Carol Devoy-Heena 5,950 16.94 +0.86 4,965 13.76 -6.43
NZ First Ray Dolman 3,704 10.54 -0.79 4,469 12.39 +4.13
Conservative Peter Redman 1,306 3.72 +3.72 1,485 4.12 +4.12
Mana Sharon Stevens 251 0.71 +0.71 91 0.25 +0.25
United Future Brian Carter 213 0.61 +0.11 207 0.57 -0.13
Green   3,142 8.71 +3.84
ACT   418 1.16 -1.75
Māori   213 0.59 -0.11
Legalise Cannabis   183 0.51 +0.14
Libertarianz   29 0.08 +0.01
Democratic   13 0.04 -0.01
Alliance   9 0.02 -0.03
Informal votes 879 226
Total Valid votes 35,134 36,077
National hold Majority 17,760 50.55 +1.75

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,546[15]

2008 election[edit]

General Election 2008: Bay of Plenty[16]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Tony Ryall 23,402 64.88 +6.65 21,526 58.70 +9.57
Labour Carol Devoy-Heena 5,798 16.07 -4.38 7,404 20.19 -7.89
NZ First Peter Brown 4,087 11.33 -2.30 3,030 8.26 -3.79
Kiwi Tony Christiansen 2,258 6.26 - 734 2.00 -
ACT Francis Denz 346 0.96 - 1,067 2.91 +2.00
United Future Brian Carter 180 0.50 -1.47 258 0.70 -3.19
Green   1,787 4.87 +1.55
Māori   258 0.70 +0.08
Progressive   175 0.48 -0.39
Bill and Ben   144 0.39 -
Legalise Cannabis   135 0.37 +0.20
Family Party   60 0.16 -
Libertarianz   25 0.07 +0.04
Alliance   21 0.06 +0.05
Democratic   18 0.05 +0.01
Pacific   17 0.05 -
RAM   9 0.02 -
RONZ   3 0.01 -0.00
Workers Party   3 0.01 -
Informal votes 325 118
Total Valid votes 36,071 36,674
National hold Majority 17,604 48.80 +11.03

2005 election[edit]

General Election 2005: Bay of Plenty[17]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Tony Ryall 20,941 57.82 17,934 48.95
Labour Pauline Scott 7,357 20.31 10,252 27.98
NZ First Peter Brown 4,903 13.54 4,399 12.01
Green Ian Stephens 1,181 3.26 1,213 3.31
United Future Jeff Leigh 707 1.95 1,421 3.88
Destiny Roberta Maxwell 317 0.88 279 0.76
Māori Te Orohi Paul 314 0.87 226 0.62
Progressive Ronnie Stewart-Ward 217 0.60 - 316 0.86
Direct Democracy Mike Robertson 27 0.07 10 0.03
ACT   332 0.91
Legalise Cannabis   63 0.17
Christian Heritage   20 0.05
Democratic   13 0.04
Libertarianz   12 0.03
Family Rights   6 0.02
RONZ   4 0.0
99 MP   3 0.01
Alliance   3 0.01
One NZ   2 0.01
Informal votes 129 255
Total Valid votes 36,219 36,637
National hold Majority 13,584 37.51

2002 election[edit]

General Election 2002: Bay of Plenty[18]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Tony Ryall 12,975 7,130
NZ First Peter Brown 7,378 6,896
Labour Mei Matere Taare 6,494 9,457
United Future John Cassidy 1,231 2,506
Green Te Ruruanga Te Keeti 1,098 1,691
Christian Heritage Richard Holland 416 350
ACT Graham Douglas Steenson 371 1,451
Progressive John Neill 249 239
ORNZ   569
Christian Heritage   350
Alliance   162
Legalise Cannabis   122
One NZ   15
Mana Māori   13
NMP   3
Informal votes 214 86
Total Valid votes 30,212 30,611
National hold Majority 5,597

1999 election[edit]

General Election 1999: Bay of Plenty[19][20]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Tony Ryall 15,781 46.00 11,350 32.91
Labour Terry Hughes 8,679 25.30 11,342 32.89
NZ First Peter Brown 4,185 12.20 3,178 9.22
Green Margaret Collins 1,815 5.29 1,847 5.36
Alliance John Neill 1,338 3.90 1,769 5.13
Future NZ Judy Turner 1,161 3.38 1,210 3.51
Christian Heritage Joyce Stevens 659 1.92 795 2.31
ACT Lynne Cook 520 1.52 2,138 6.20
Te Tawharau Willie Coates 100 0.29
Natural Law Meike van Batenburg 70 0.20 28 0.08
Legalise Cannabis   255 0.74
United NZ   181 0.52
Libertarianz   139 0.40
One NZ   72 0.21
Mana Māori   57 0.17
McGillicuddy Serious   50 0.14
Animals First   41 0.12
NMP   8 0.02
Freedom Movement 6 0.02
People's Choice Party 6 0.02
Mauri Pacific   5 0.01
South Island   4 0.01
Republican   3 0.01
Informal votes 448 272
Total Valid votes 34,308 34,484
National hold Majority 7,102

1996 election[edit]

General election 1996: Bay of Plenty[21][22][23]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Tony Ryall 13,923 42.63 11,387 34.73
NZ First Peter Brown 8,770 26.85 7,237 22.07
Labour Julie Tucker 5,354 16.39 7,016 21.40
Alliance Jim Bennett 2,609 7.99 2,732 8.33
Christian Coalition Judy Turner 1,253 3.84 1,884 5.75
ACT Reg Turner 359 1.10 1,513 4.61
McGillicuddy Serious Mark Servian 225 0.69 108 0.33
Te Tawharau Rangitukehu David Paul 78 0.24 42 0.13
Natural Law Lew Cormack 67 0.21 44 0.13
Progressive Greens Graeme Leech 24 0.07 65 0.20
Legalise Cannabis   446 1.36
United NZ   169 0.52
Animals First   51 0.16
Superannuitants & Youth 33 0.10
Mana Māori   19 0.06
Green Society 17 0.05
Conservatives 12 0.04
Libertarianz   10 0.03
Advance New Zealand 4 0.01
Asia Pacific United 1 0.00
Ethnic Minority Party 1 0.00
Informal votes 246 117
Total Valid votes 32,662 32,791
National win new seat Majority 5,153 15.78

1908 election[edit]

General election, 1908: Bay of Plenty, first ballot[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William MacDonald 2,413 46.65
Opposition James Gow 1,970 37.27
Independent David Lundon 902 17.06
Majority 443 8.38
Turnout 5,285 77.99
Registered electors 6,776
General election, 1908: Ashburton, second ballot[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William MacDonald 2,650 54.59
Opposition James Gow 2,204 45.40
Majority 446 9.18
Turnout 4854 71.63
Registered electors 6,776

1905 election[edit]

General election, 1905: Bay of Plenty[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition William Herries 3,251 51.23 +2.84
Independent Joseph Foster 3,040 47.91
Majority 211 3.32 -6.26
Turnout 6,345 82.40 +6.29
Registered electors 7,700

1902 election[edit]

General election, 1902: Bay of Plenty[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition William Herries 2,110 48.39 -4.87
Liberal David Lundon 1,434 32.88 -13.68
Independent Charles Jordan 429 9.83
Independent J. E. Taylor 387 8.87
Majority 676 9.58 +3.07
Turnout 4,360 76.11 -6.67
Registered electors 5,728

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Bay of Plenty[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition William Herries 2,110 53.26 +1.10
Liberal David Lundon[29] 1,852 46.74
Majority 258 6.51 +2.21
Turnout 3,962 82.78 +5.09
Registered electors 4,786

1896 election[edit]

General election, 1896: Bay of Plenty[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition William Herries 1,600 52.15
Liberal William Kelly 1,468 47.85 +6.86
Majority 132 4.30 +3.64
Turnout 3,068 77.69 +9.64
Registered electors 3,949

1893 election[edit]

General election, 1893: Bay of Plenty[31][32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Kelly 1,162 40.99
Opposition Henry Burton 953 33.62
Liberal Charles Jordan 583 20.56
Independent George Vesey Stewart 116 4.09
Independent Thomas Mace Humphreys 19 0.67
Liberal William Fraser 2 0.07
Majority 209 7.37
Turnout 2,835 68.05
Registered electors 4,166

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Tony Ryall
  2. ^ "Tony Ryall to retire". Stuff NZ (Fairfax). 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 59f.
  4. ^ Bassett 1982, pp. 66f.
  5. ^ "Information for voters in Bay of Plenty". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bay Conservative candidate named". SunLive. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Independent’s election trio named". SunLive. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "The People Leading the NZ Democrats for Social Credit". Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "National Party Candidates 2014". Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Claire Trevett (27 July 2014). "National releases list of candidates". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "UnitedFuture List Top 10 Announced (press release)". Scoop. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Candidates - Labour Party". 13 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Labour List 2014". 23 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  14. ^ Bay of Plenty results, 2011
  15. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  16. ^ Election result: Bay of Plenty, 2008
  17. ^ Election result: Bay of Plenty, 2005
  18. ^ Election result: Bay of Plenty, 2002
  19. ^ "Candidate vote details - Bay of Plenty". October 2005. 
  20. ^ "Votes for registered parties by electorate". October 2005. 
  21. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Bay of Plenty, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  23. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  24. ^ AtoJs 1908 election 1909, p. 07.
  25. ^ AtoJs 1908 election 1909, p. 19.
  26. ^ "THE GENERAL ELECTION, 1905". Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  27. ^ "THE GENERAL ELECTION, 1902". Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  29. ^ "The Electoral District of Bay of Plenty". Bay Of Plenty Times XXIV (3932). 1 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  30. ^ "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  31. ^ The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  32. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  33. ^ "Public Notice". Bay of Plenty Times. 20 November 1893. p. 5. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911–1931. Auckland: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-86870-006-1. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]