Bay to Breakers
|Bay to Breakers|
Participants in the 2010 race
|Date||Third Sunday in May|
|Course records||Men: 33:31 (2009)
Women: 38:07 (2010)
The Bay to Breakers is an annual footrace which takes place in San Francisco, California on the third Sunday of May. The name reflects the fact that the race starts at the northeast end of the downtown area a few blocks from The Embarcadero (adjacent to San Francisco Bay) and runs west through the city to finish at the Great Highway (adjacent to the Pacific coast, where breakers crash onto Ocean Beach). The complete course is 7.46 miles (12.01 km) long. The event is well known for many participants wearing costumes, and a few engaging in varying degrees of public nudity. The event was officially the world's largest footrace from 1986 (with 110,000 participants) until it was surpassed in 2010.
Robert J. Vlught, a student at St. Mary's College and newspaper copy-boy, won the first annual Cross-City Race on January 1, 1912 in a time of 44:10.[nb 1] In 1965, the name of the race was changed to Bay to Breakers by Examiner sports journalist, Walt Daley, who coined the phrase.
Started as a way to lift the city's spirits after the disastrous 1906 San Francisco earthquake, it is the longest consecutively run footrace in the world (other races' courses and lengths have changed over time). During World War II participation sometimes slipped below 50 registrants, but the tradition carried on. With 110,000 participants, the Bay to Breakers race held on May 18, 1986 was recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest footrace. That record number was partly the product of the running boom of the 1980s; currently the average participation is between 70,000 and 80,000. Race organizers estimated a field of 60,000 participants in 2008, 33,000 of whom were registered. The San Francisco Examiner publishes a list of the first 10,000 finishers the day after the race each year.
Large numbers of participants walk the route behind the runners. Some participants dress in elaborate costumes or wear nothing at all (except footwear), thus lending a party atmosphere to the event. One festive tradition is the tortilla toss, during which crowds of runners waiting to cross the start line throw tortillas at one another to pass time (similar to balloon-batting at rock concerts).
Other oddities are always on the scene, including traditional characters such as Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, and Spider-Man, as well as other unique characters spawned for the race. At least 40 pairs of Blues Brothers participated in the 1985 edition. Every year, some runners dressed as salmon run "upstream" from the breakers to the Bay.
The route is typically dotted with various local bands performing. At the end of the race is "Footstock," a gathering where participants and spectators can enjoy musical performances by various musical acts.
In February 2009, city officials and race sponsors announced major changes to the race regulations. The regulations included an official ban on floats, alcohol, drunkenness and nudity. The changes were made to assuage the concerns of San Francisco residents along the parade route, who say the race has gotten out of hand in recent years. The news sparked outrage amongst many Bay Area residents who said the changes would destroy everything that has made the race a national treasure for most of the last century. On February 27, 2009, city officials and race organizers announced that they were lifting many of the restrictions. In particular, floats will now be allowed as long as they are registered, and nudity is not mentioned anywhere in the new restrictions. Although the bans on alcohol and drunkenness technically remain in effect, all "zero tolerance" language has been removed. However, the 2013 rules now prohibit floats, wagons, grocery carts, roller blades, skateboards, bicycles, unicycles and any other wheeled objects, as well as alcohol.
Organization and sponsorship
Anschutz also owns The San Francisco Examiner, which assumed sponsorship of the race in 1966. From 2003 to 2005, Albertsons was the event's main sponsor. The ING Group was the primary sponsor for the Bay to Breakers from 2006 to 2010. On May 26, 2010, spokesmen for the Bay to Breakers and ING confirmed that ING chose not to renew their sponsorship for the 100th edition of the race in 2011.
On March 18, 2011, race organizers announced Zazzle, a Bay Area-based e-commerce company manufacturing custom user-generated products, as the title sponsor for the event's 2011 centennial running, as well as for the 101st running in 2012.
The Bay to Breakers is known for the large number of unregistered runners, or "bandits", who participate in the race. Ross Mirkarimi, a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, reported that over half of the 60,000 participants in the 2010 Bay to Breakers were unregistered. San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom was among the runners in 2010 who did not pay the registration fee to obtain a race number.
While the founding of the "centipede" is commonly attributed to Dwayne "Peanut" Harms, who was an original member of the first-ever "Pede" and a member of the UC Davis men's track team, ("Aggies"), in 1978, Douglas L. Peck, also an Aggie runner, founded a special division of the race in which 13 runners are connected as a unit entitled "centipedes". Peck also ran as "Head Pede," i.e., he was the leader of the centipede. An additional runner, a floater, usually the team captain, is allowed to run along untethered to pace the team or substitute for a drop out runner. Despite the novelty, the centipede race is very competitive. The Men's Centipede winner's time in 2008 was faster than the Women's course record. Bay to Breakers is the official site of the World Centipede Running Championships.
The Bay to Breakers is held on a USA Track & Field certified point-to-point course. USATF notes that the course is "wind dependent", therefore, a USA Track & Field record can only be set when it can be shown that there is no significant tailwind.
The initial course started at the Ferry Building along Market Street to Golden Gate Avenue before turning onto Divisadero Street. In 1968, the start was moved from Market Street to Howard Street and the ascension to Divisadero moved to Hayes Street. In 1983, the course was shortened from 7.51 miles to an official 12K (7.46 miles). The current course turns west along Hayes Street and up Hayes Street Hill near Alamo Square. This is the only major incline in the race. After the hill, the race runs along the panhandle and then west through Golden Gate Park, past the Conservatory of Flowers, all the way to the Great Highway and Ocean Beach. The 2013 edition of the race will feature a new end route and finish line position. When runners first see the windmills, the course heads towards Lincoln Way and then on to the Great Highway, ending more towards Fulton Street. The old finish line route was in the reversed description. The Great Highway will also host Footstock, a post race recovery and reunion area. In years past, Footstock was held at the Polo Fields in Golden Gate Park. The 2013 Footstock will feature food trucks.
Race organizers and media have reported that the course records set by Sammy Kitwara in 2009 and Lineth Chepkurui in 2010 are also world records at the 12 km distance; however, the International Association of Athletics Federations, the international governing body for the sport of athletics/track and field, does not recognize world records or world bests in either an indoor or outdoor 12 km. The Association of Road Racing Statisticians, a non-regulatory group that collects road running data, does recognize world records in the outdoor 12 km provided that the race course meets certain criteria. In order to rule-out the possibility of wind assistance in point-to-point courses, the ARRS stipulates that the course must have "not more than 30% of the race distance separation between that start and finish", or 3.6 km for a 12 km race. Given that the Bay to Breakers is run on a point-to-point course in which the start and finish of the event are approximately 10.5 linear kilometers apart, the ARRS recognizes two other marks as 12 km world records: Kenyan Simon Kigen's 33:46 in Portland, Oregon on May 19, 1985 and Chepkurui's 38:10 at the 2010 Lilac Bloomsday Run.[nb 2]
= Course record
|Date||Men's Winner||Country||Time||Women's Winner||Country||Time|
|January 1, 1912||Bobby Vlught||United States||44:10|
|January 1, 1913||Bobby Vlught||United States||40:59|
|January 1, 1914||Oliver Millard||United States||40:46.6|
|January 1, 1915||Oliver Millard||United States||41:39|
|January 1, 1916||George Wyckoff||United States||42:33|
|January 1, 1917||Oliver Millard||United States||41:29.6|
|January 1, 1918||Edgar Stout||United States||42:41|
|January 1, 1919||Harry Ludwig||United States||42:45.4|
|January 1, 1920||William Churchill||United States||40:56.6|
|January 1, 1921||Charles Hunter||United States||40:27.6|
|January 1, 1922||William Churchill||United States||42:56|
|January 1, 1923||William Churchill||United States||41:56|
|January 1, 1924||William Churchill||United States||41:52|
|January 1, 1925||Vincenzo Goso||United States||42:59.6|
|January 1, 1926||Frank Eames||United States||42:13|
|January 1, 1927||Frank Eames||United States||42:55.8|
|January 29, 1928||Pietro Giordanengo||United States||43:05|
|January 27, 1929||Pietro Giodanengo||United States||43:05|
|February 2, 1930||Manuel John||United States||43:10|
|February 1, 1931||Jack Keegan||United States||44:28|
|February 7, 1932||Ray Cocking||United States||43:19|
|February 5, 1933||Jack Keegan||United States||43:31|
|January 28, 1934||John Nehi||United States||42:12|
|March 3, 1935||Leo Karlhofer||United States||43:50.6|
|March 1, 1936||Joe McCluskey||United States||40:37.2|
|March 14, 1937||Norm Bright||United States||39:52|
|March 6, 1938||Ed Preston||United States||41:15|
|March 12, 1939||Ed Preston||United States||41:14|
|March 10, 1940||Ed Preston||United States||42:12|
|March 2, 1941||Frank Lawrence||United States||42:39|
|March 15, 1942||James Haran||United States||43:53|
|October 10, 1943||Joseph Wehrly||United States||45:01|
|April 30, 1944||Fred Kline||United States||43:15|
|May 6, 1945||Fred Kline||United States||43:25.1|
|April 7, 1946||Fred Kline||United States||44:28|
|March 23, 1947||Merle Knox||United States||43:52|
|April 18, 1948||Fred Kline||United States||44:27|
|May 1, 1949||Merle Knox||United States||42:58|
|May 7, 1950||Elwyn Stribling||United States||42:57|
|May 6, 1951||John Holden||United States||46:09|
|May 4, 1952||Jim Shettler||United States||45:34|
|May 3, 1953||Jesse Van Zant||United States||42:05|
|May 9, 1954||Jesse Van Zant||United States||42:15|
|April 24, 1955||Jesse Van Zant||United States||43:32|
|April 29, 1956||Walt Berger||United States||44:56|
|May 12, 1957||Jesse Van Zant||United States||44:02|
|May 11, 1958||Wilford King||United States||41:17|
|May 24, 1959||Wilford King||United States||41:30|
|May 22, 1960||Don Kelley||United States||41:59.8|
|May 21, 1961||Jack Marden||United States||41:30|
|May 20, 1962||Jim Shettler||United States||41:25.3|
|May 19, 1963||Herman Gene Gurule||United States||40:15.7|
|May 17, 1964||Jeff Fishback||United States||38:32|
|May 23, 1965||William Morgan||United States||38:02|
|May 22, 1966||Eric Brenner||United States||41:10.6||Frances Conley||United States||1:00:7|
|May 11, 1967||Tom Laris||United States||38:42|
|May 26, 1968||Kenny Moore||United States||38:15|
|May 25, 1969||Kenny Moore||United States||38:40||Mary Etta Boitano||United States||1:01:12|
|May 24, 1970||Kenny Moore||United States||39:29||Joyce Swannack-Gibbs||United States||58:08|
|May 23, 1971||Kenny Moore||United States||36:57||Frances Conley[nb 3]||United States||50:45|
|May 21, 1972||Kenny Moore||United States||36:39||Cheryl Flanagan||United States||44:47|
|May 20, 1973||Kenny Moore||United States||37:15||Cheryl Flanagan||United States||45:20|
|May 19, 1974||Gary Tuttle||United States||37:07||Mary Etta Boitano||United States||43:22|
|May 18, 1975||Ric Rojas||United States||37:18||Mary Etta Boitano||United States||46:04|
|May 16, 1976||Chris Wardlaw||Australia||37:28||Mary Etta Boitano||United States||49:20|
|May 15, 1977||Paul Geis||United States||37:28||Judy Leydig||United States||47:28|
|May 14, 1978||Gerard Barrett||Australia||35:17.4||Joyce Swannack-Gibbs||United States||47:02|
|May 20, 1979||Bob Hodge||United States||36:50||Laurie Binder||United States||43:07|
|May 18, 1980||Craig Virgin||United States||35:11||Laurie Binder||United States||42:20|
|May 17, 1981||Craig Virgin||United States||35:07||Janice Oehm||United States||41:47|
|May 16, 1982||Rod Dixon||New Zealand||35:08||Laurie Binder||United States||42:28|
|May 15, 1983||Rod Dixon||New Zealand||35:01.3||Laurie Binder||United States||41:24.7|
|May 20, 1984||Ibrahim Hussein||Kenya||35:11||Nancy Ditz||United States||42:32|
|May 19, 1985||Ibrahim Hussein||Kenya||34:53||Joan Samuelson||United States||39:55|
|May 18, 1986||Ed Eyestone||United States||34:33||Grete Waitz||Norway||38:45|
|May 17, 1987||Arturo Barrios||Mexico||34:45||Rosa Mota||Portugal||39:16|
|May 15, 1988||Arturo Barrios||Mexico||34:58||Lisa Ondieki||Australia||39:17|
|May 21, 1989||Arturo Barrios||Mexico||34:40||Ingrid Kristiansen||Norway||39:14|
|May 20, 1990||Arturo Barrios||Mexico||34:42||Jill Boltz||England||39:19.5|
|May 19, 1991||Thomas Osano||Kenya||33:55||Susan Sirma||Kenya||38:27|
|May 17, 1992||Thomas Osano||Kenya||33:57||Lisa Ondieki||Australia||38:36|
|May 16, 1993||Ismael Kirui||Kenya||33:42||Lynn Jennings||United States||39:14|
|May 15, 1994||Ismael Kirui||Kenya||34:03||Tegla Loroupe||Kenya||39:10|
|May 21, 1995||Ismael Kirui||Kenya||33:58||Delilah Asiago||Kenya||38:23|
|May 19, 1996||Thomas Osano||Kenya||34:35||Elana Meyer||South Africa||38:56|
|May 18, 1997||Joseph Kimani||Kenya||33:51||Jane Omoro||Kenya||39:56|
|May 17, 1998||Simon Rono||Kenya||33:58||Jane Omoro||Kenya||38:57|
|May 16, 1999||Lazarus Nyakeraka||Kenya||34:11||Catherine Ndereba||Kenya||38:37|
|May 21, 2000||Reuben Cheruiyot||Kenya||34:54||Colleen De Reuck||South Africa||38:42|
|May 20, 2001||James Koskei||Kenya||34:19||Jane Ngotho||Kenya||40:35|
|May 19, 2002||James Koskei||Kenya||34:03||Luminiţa Talpoş||Romania||39:15|
|May 18, 2003||James Koskei||Kenya||35:11||Lyudmila Biktasheva||Russia||39:22|
|May 16, 2004||Benjamin Maiyo||Kenya||34:50||Albina Ivanova||Russia||39:56|
|May 15, 2005||Gilbert Okari||Kenya||34:20||Asmae Leghzaoui||Morocco||38:22|
|May 21, 2006||Gilbert Okari||Kenya||34:20||Tatyana Hladyr||Ukraine||39:09|
|May 20, 2007||John Korir||Kenya||34:44||Edna Kiplagat||Kenya||38:55|
|May 18, 2008||John Korir||Kenya||34:24||Lineth Chepkurui||Kenya||39:22|
|May 17, 2009||Sammy Kitwara||Kenya||33:31||Teyba Erkesso||Ethiopia||38:29|
|May 16, 2010||Sammy Kitwara||Kenya||34:15||Lineth Chepkurui||Kenya||38:07|
|May 15, 2011||Ridouane Harroufi||Morocco||34:26||Lineth Chepkurui||Kenya||39:12|
|May 20, 2012||Sammy Kitwara||Kenya||34:41||Mamitu Daska||Ethiopia||39:03|
|May 19, 2013||Tolossa Gedefa||Ethiopia||35:01||Diane Nukuri-Johnson||Burundi||40:12|
= Course record
|Date||Men's Centipede Winner||Country||Time||Women's Centipede Winner||Country||Time|
|May 20, 1990||Reebok Aggies||USA||37:39||Reebok Aggies||USA||47:36|
|May 18, 2008||ASICS Aggies Men||USA||38:05||ASICS Aggies Women||USA||47:47|
|May 17, 2009||ASICS Aggies Men||USA||40:27||ASICS Aggies Women||USA||50:51|
|May 16, 2010||LinkedIn Centipede||USA||37:58||ASICS Aggies Women||USA||48:44|
|May 15, 2011||LinkedIn Centipede||USA||37:00||ASICS Aggies Women||USA||49:06|
|May 20, 2012||Team LinkedIn||USA||36:44||Impala Racing Team||USA||46:37|
|May 19, 2013||ASICS Aggies Centipede Men||USA||40:03||ASICS Aggies Centipede Women||USA||48:17|
- Some references list his last name as "Viught"
- Race records from the Association of Road Racing Statisticians indicate that Joseph Kimani of Kenya also ran a 33:31 at the Arts Fest River Run in Evansville, Indiana in 1997; however, it was also held on a point-to-point course that USATF has noted as "wind dependent" and not "record eligible".
- According to race organizers, Frances Conley was the first official female runner in 1971.
- "General Information". ING Bay to Breakers. 2006. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved September 9, 2007.
- "SF Bay To Breakers Run 'Relatively Peaceful'". cbs5.com. May 17, 2009. Archived from the original on May 19, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010.[dead link]
- Dunlap, Scott (May 20, 2012). "The Naked Fun of the 2012 Bay to Breakers". A Trail Runner's Blog. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Noteworthy Years in Race History". Zazzle Bay to Breakers. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "'Run for Pasig' certified world's largest race". abs-cbnNEWS.com. ABS-CBN Interactive. December 27, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Ron Filion. "San Francisco History – Cross-City Race 1912". Sfgenealogy.com. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Race History". ING Bay To Breakers. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- Post, Marty; Wallach, Len; Knight, Tom; Leydig, Jack (May 22, 2012). "Bay to Breakers 12 km". Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Harrar, Katie. "Bay to Breakers: Out of the Ashes a Famous Race is Born". Active.com. Active Network, Inc. Retrieved October 21, 2012. "The Cross City Race was renamed Bay to Breakers in 1963"
- "Race Results". Archived from the original on May 30, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Wason, Tim (May 22, 1985). "Bay-to-Breakers race a time for celebrating fun aspect of sports". The Christian Science Monitor (Boston). p. 18. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- Friedman, Steve; Erin Strout (January 2006). "King of the Stunt Runners". Runner's World (Rodale) 41 (1): 106. ISSN 0897-1706. Retrieved January 19, 2011
- The San Francisco Cacophony Society. "Spawn! Home of the Breakers Bo Bay "Upstream" Salmon". San Francisco: The San Francisco Cacophony Society. Retrieved January 19, 2011
- Knight, Heather (February 12, 2009). "Beer, Nudity Banned in Bay to Breakers". SFGate. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Sabatini, Joshua (February 12, 2009). "SF Examiner: Bay to Breakers Jumps on Wagon". The San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on March 18, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Is Bay to Breakers on the wagon? – Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times. March 7, 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Citizens for the Preservation of Bay2Breakers". Savebay2breakers.org. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Bay to Breakers FAQ". baytobreakers.com. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Matier, Phillip; Andrew Ross (May 26, 2010). "Sponsor ING drops Bay to Breakers". San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco, California). Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- "Zazzle Bay To Breakers - Noteworthy Years". Ingbaytobreakers.com. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "Bay to Breakers Sponsors". Retrieved 2013-05-16
- Coté, John (May 26, 2010). "Mayor is last-minute Bay to Breakers crasher". San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco, California). Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- "ING Bay to Breakers 2010 race results". BazuSports. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- "Zazzle Bay to Breakers 2011 race results". BazuSports. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- "Zazzle Bay to Breakers 2012 race results". BazuSports. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- "Bay to Breakers 2013 race results". RaceCentral. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Supersano, Melanie (8 Aug. 1991). "Grads find success through antennae.". Record-Courier (Gardnerville, Nev.).
- "Certified Course Map". USATF. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "Course Number". Usatf.org. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "Timing Tag Centennial Collection". ING Bay To Breakers. Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Aldax, Mike (May 16, 2010). "ING Bay to Breakers: Women’s world record broken; Kitwara wins second straight for men". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Records". iaaf.org. 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "Working Group on Road Records". Association of Road Racing Statisticians. June 12, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Rules for record-keeping". Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Arts Fest River Run 12 km". Association of Road Racing Statisticians. January 17, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Certified Course Map". USATF. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "Course Records". ING Bay To Breakers. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bay to Breakers.|
- Bay to Breakers website Official Site
- Bay to Breakers 2013 Crowd Album 5,000 photos taken by the racers
- Full list of winners from Association of Road Racing Statisticians
- Citizens for the Preservation of Bay2Breakers (Save Bay to Breakers Official Community)
- Breakers to Bay website The Breakers to Bay salmon run
- Bay to Breakers Mile-O-Pede Bay to Breakers longest centipede attempt of 2006.
- 10 Bay to Breakers Survival Tips Guide to Bay to Breakers
- Video from 2008
- Video from 2009