Bayambang, Pangasinan

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Bayambang
Municipality
BayambangPangasinanjf018.JPG
Official seal of Bayambang
Seal
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Bayambang
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Bayambang
Bayambang is located in Philippines
Bayambang
Bayambang
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°48′38″N 120°27′17″E / 15.81056°N 120.45472°E / 15.81056; 120.45472Coordinates: 15°48′38″N 120°27′17″E / 15.81056°N 120.45472°E / 15.81056; 120.45472
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos (region I)
Province Pangasinan
District 3rd district of Pangasinan
Barangays 77
Government[1]
 • Mayor Ricardo M. Camacho (Nationalist People's Coalition)
 • Vice Mayor Mylvin T. Junio (Nationalist People's Coalition)
Area[2]
 • Total 143.94 km2 (55.58 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 111,521
 • Density 770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2423
Dialing code (+63) 75
Income class 1st class; urban
Website www.bayambang.gov.ph

Bayambang is a first class municipality in the (central part of Southern) province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 111,521 people.[3] It previously included the municipalities of Bautista, Alcala, Sto. Tomas, Rosales, Paniqui, Gerona and Camiling, Tarlac. It was founded in the 16th century by Agalet, an Aeta.

Bayambang is the former seat of the 5th Capital of the Revolutionary Philippine Republic. It celebrates its Malangsi Fishtival (1st week of April, "Kalutan tan Gayaga ed Dalan").

Bayambang is the seat of the Pangasinan State University, the Colleges of Nursing and Education. The municipality maintains close relations with San Carlos City and Malasiqui, with whom it would partition the impoverished municipality of Basista if the said town would choose partition instead of reunification with San Carlos City.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The name of this town according to the legend, came from the name of a plant called "balangbang" (Bauhinia acuminata) which grew in abundance during the early days. "Culibangbang" leaves were used for bulalong Iloko or sinigang. The verdant hills of Bayambang were almost covered by these plants. The people made pickles out of them. As years passed by, these plants became extinct in the vicinity, but the name "Bayambang" which sounds like an echo of the plant's name, was retained and was given to designate this town.

Others believed that the name of the town came from the once numerous "Culibangbang" trees, misunderstood as "Bayambang" by the Spaniards when they first came to this town.[5]

Telbang (Bagbag in Ilokano, Dapdap in other dialects, scientific name: Erythrina variegata Linn. var. orientalis, Linn.) was the original Bayambang according tales. Bayambang is not a tree name, but a plant name: Celosia - Deeringia polysperma (Roxb.) Moq. (as C. polysperma Roxb.).[6]

Geography[edit]

Bayambang is bounded on the north by Malasiqui, on the south by Camiling, on the east by Bautista, and on the west by Urbiztondo. Bayambang is the southern-most town of the province of Pangasinan. It is the gateway to Tarlac Province in the south.

The town's topography or terrain varies from rolling lands and hills to generally flat plains. Its climate is marked by the wet season from June to October, and dry season from November to May.

Land area: 16,800 hectares

  • Total Agricultural Area: 12,225 hectares
  • Total Residential Area: 278 hectares
  • Total Commercial Area: 9.5 hectares
  • Total Institutional Area: 68 hectares
  • Forest reserve & Wild Parks: 2,059 hectares
  • Total Industrial Area: 15.8 hectares
  • Open Space: 2,134.7 hectares

History[edit]

The “Awarans” account that Benaldo Gutierrez and Honorato Carungay, Bayambang was founded in the early 16th century by an Aeta, Agalet. Bayambang was inside Inirangan and Hermosa, then re-located to Telbang and southern Poblacion, the Old Bayambang.

In 1897, the first "Juez de Cuchillo" executed residents and burned houses. On November 1899, Emilio Aguinaldo designated Bayambang as Pangasinan capital (also during the Japanese Regime), the seat of our short-lived Philippine Republic, due to capture by Gen. Arthur MacArthur of Tarlac on October 12, 1899. Jose P. Rizal visited Camiling, Tarlac's Leonor Rivera, since it was formerly a part of Bayambang. Antonio Luna built a camp in Bayambang. Dr. Diaz became Governor under the Japanese Imperial Government and held Office in Bayambang, at the Eulogio Dauz residence (junction of Quezon Blvd. And M.H. Del Pilar streets).

Bayambang was the seat of the UNESCO National Community Training Center. . Vicente Cayabyab, Gobernadorcillo was the first Chief Executive of the town during the Spanish Regime followed by Mauricio de Guzman, first Cabeza de Barangay (Municipal Captain). Honorato Carungay, Lorenzo Rodriguez and Julian Mananzan succeeded him, and later, Saturnino, Evaristo Dimalanta as President.

Lauriano Roldan became the first Civil Government President, and succeeded by Alvino Garcia, Mateo Mananzan, Gavino de Guzman, Marciano Fajardo, Agustin Carungay, Emeterio Camacho, and Enrique M. Roldan.

The Mayors were: Gerundio Umengan, Leopoldo Aquino, Sr., Ambrosio Gloria (appointed by the PCAU of the Army), Bernardo Lagoy, appointed 1946, Leopoldo Aquino, Sr. (reelected), Eligio C. Sagun (1952-1955), Don Numeriano Castro (appointed), Salvador F. Quinto (1956-1959), Miguel C. Matabang (1960-1963), Jaime P. Junio (1964-1986), Feliciano Casingal, Jr. (OIC), Don Daniel Bato (OIC), Domingo Tagulao, Calixto B. Camacho and Leocadio C. De Vera Jr.

Honorable Engr. Ricardo M. Camacho is the incumbent Municipal Mayor.[5]

Bayambang will celebrate its 400th year Founding Anniversary by a Quadricentennial Preparatory Committee (QPC) for April 5, 2014.[7] Proclamation No. 131 (Office of the President of the Philippines on March 24, 2011) has declared every 5th day of April as a Non-Working Day in Bayambang.

Cojuanco claim[edit]

The Cojuangco's Central Azucarera de Tarlac Realty Corporation (CAT) claims ownership of 386.8-hectare estate in 12 barangays in Bayambang, including the site of the 289-hectare Camp Gregg Military Reservation (declared on October 13, 1903 by the US colonial government, turned over to the Philippines on March 27, 1949, and particularly to the Bureau of Lands on September 29, 1949). The Alyansa ng mga Magbubukid sa Gitnang Luson (AMGL, Peasant Alliance in Central Luzon) opposed the Cojuancos.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bayambang
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 79,027 —    
1995 82,913 +0.96%
2000 96,609 +3.10%
2007 103,145 +0.94%
2010 111,521 +2.64%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][9]
  • Literacy rate: 92%
  • Annual growth rate: 2.6%
  • Per-capita income: PhP26,182.00
  • Primary livelihood: farming, fishing

Local government[edit]

Honorable Engr. Ricardo M. Camacho is the incumbent Municipal Mayor and Hon. Mylvin T. Juni is the Vice Mayor.

The Municipal Councilors and Officials are: Hon. Crisostomo M. Bato, Hon. Gerardo C. De Vera, Hon. Raul R. Sabangan, Hon. Alan D. D Vera, Hon. Angelito C. De Vera, Hon. Levin N. Uy, Hon. Gerardo DC. Flores, Hon. Junie J. Angeles and Hon. Rogelio P. Dumalanta, Liga ng mga Barangay Pres. and Philip Braham F. Medrano, SK Federation President.[5]

Barangays[edit]

Bayambang is politically subdivided into 77 barangays,[2] 11 of which are urban barangays and 66 are rural barangays.

  • Alinggan
  • Amamperez
  • Amancosiling Norte
  • Amancosiling Sur
  • Ambayat I
  • Ambayat II
  • Apalen
  • Asin
  • Ataynan
  • Bacnono
  • Balaybuaya
  • Banaban
  • Bani
  • Batangcawa
  • Beleng
  • Bical Norte
  • Bical Sur
  • Bongato East
  • Bongato West
  • Buayaen
  • Buenlag 1st
  • Buenlag 2nd
  • Cadre Site
  • Carungay
  • Caturay
  • Darawey (Tangal)
  • Duera
  • Dusoc
  • Hermoza
  • Idong
  • Inanlorenza
  • Inirangan
  • Iton
  • Langiran
  • Ligue
  • M. H. del Pilar
  • Macayocayo
  • Magsaysay
  • Maigpa
  • Malimpec
  • Malioer
  • Managos
  • Manambong Norte
  • Manambong Parte
  • Manambong Sur
  • Mangayao
  • Nalsian Norte
  • Nalsian Sur
  • Pangdel
  • Pantol
  • Paragos
  • Poblacion Sur
  • Pugo
  • Reynado
  • San Gabriel 1st
  • San Gabriel 2nd
  • San Vicente
  • Sangcagulis
  • Sanlibo
  • Sapang
  • Tamaro
  • Tambac
  • Tampog
  • Tanolong
  • Tatarac
  • Telbang
  • Tococ East
  • Tococ West
  • Warding
  • Wawa
  • Zone I (Pob.)
  • Zone II (Pob.)
  • Zone III (Pob.)
  • Zone IV (Pob.)
  • Zone V (Pob.)
  • Zone VI (Pob.)
  • Zone VII (Pob.)

Culture[edit]

Binasuan is a colorful and lively dance from Bayambang in the Pangasinan province shows off the balancing skills of the dancers. The glasses that the dancers gracefully, yet carefully, maneuver are half-filled with rice wine gracefully who whirl and roll on the floor.

Fish "Buro" is originally made in barangay Bongato. This fermented rice delicacy is made of steamed rice, salt and freshwater fish (either carp, catfish, eel, gurami or "dalag"). Rice Crackers are made in barangay Sangcagulis. This is now becoming a popular merienda among the loca

Tourism[edit]

1614 Parish Church of St. Vincent Ferrer facade

On November 27, 2012, half-million people witnessed the malangsi-fish festival, capped by the “kalutan ed dalan “ street grilling party. Pista’y Baley’s theme is “Unified Bayambang, Progressive Bayambaguenos.” Bayambang interesting attractions include:

  • The Farmers parade displayed and corn husk products.[10]
  • Bayambang District Hospital
  • Drum Corp Philippines[11] (27th Lancers)
  • Northern Plains Mansions
  • CSI, Royal, and Magic Malls
  • Agno River Flood Control Project, Bacnono
  • Rock Island Resort
  • Mangabol lake
  • Amangcosiling Norte River Walk
  • Geo Ecological Park

Parish Church of St. Vincent Ferrer[edit]

The 1614 Parish Church of St. Vincent Ferrer (2423 Pangasinan) celebrates its feast every April 5. Its Parochial Vicars is Rev. Hernan Caronongan and Parish Priest , Manuel S. Bravo and Team Moderators are Rev. Rolando Salosagcol, Rev. Primo Aquino and Rev. Anthony B. Layog.[12][13][14][15]

The Church is a part of the Vicariate IV: Queen of Peace,[16] under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan.[17][18][19] Its Vicar Forane is Rev. Fr. Alberto T. Arenos.[16][20][21]

The Dominican Provincial Chapter in 1619, under the patronage of St. Vincent Ferrer, accepted the town and Parish which was a settlement on 1614 and became a vicariate in 1619. Dominican Father Manuel Mora, in 1804 built the Church and convent using wood, later rebuilt with bricks, but was damaged by the 1863 earthquake. The stone structure used galvanized iron roofs. In 1804, the 3-naved Church of Bayambang was rehabilitated by Fr. Manuel Sucias with a cruciform plan. Fr. Juan Manzano, Fr. Joaquin Flores, and Fr. Benito Foncuberto, including Fr. Juan Ibañez (1832-1847) completed. But in 1856, the church was burned and reconstructed by Fr. Foncuberto who built two sacrities and tile roof which were destroyed by earthquakes. Using galvanized iron 16.50 meters wide and 85.70 meters long) and a new church belfry is the contribution of Fr. Ciriaco Billote.

Interior

Fr. Joaquin Flores, Fr. Benito Foncuberto (1836-1840) and Fr. Jose Ibañez (1836-1840). Both were extensively damaged during the 1863 earthquake. The present stone structures, with its galvanized iron roofs, already existed by 1869. During World War II, the church’s roof was ruined and later repaired. The façade was also damaged during the July 16, 1990 earthquake. The bell tower is a later addition.

During the Japanese war, 3 bombs were dropped by the Japanese at the Church but did not explode due to a miracle.

The Church had 2-level Renaissance facade (with 6 ionic columns on pedestals running the whole height of the lower level). The main entrance is held by paired ionic columns and square windows amid the bell tower.[22] The façade was also damaged during the July 16, 1990 earthquake.[23]

Fr. Gerardo Reyes Frias (Malimpec, Bayambang) and the other 2 balik-bayans, Fr. Rolando Salosagcol and Fr. Anthony Layog, from Bayambang returned to Bayambang and presently serves at the parish.[24]

The Parish of Saint Vincent Ferrer will be celebrating its quadricentennial in April 2014.[25]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: PANGASINAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  4. ^ http://www.pangasinan.gov.ph/the-province/cities-and-municipalities/bayambang/
  5. ^ a b c http://www.bayambang.gov.ph/about/
  6. ^ http://sferrer.blogspot.com/2012_03_01_archive.html
  7. ^ http://www.bayambang.gov.ph/400years/
  8. ^ http://amgl-kmp.weebly.com/2/post/2011/03/cojuangcos-grabbing-historical-lands-in-bayambang-pangasinan.html
  9. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.bayambang.gov.ph/2012/11/27/malangsi-fishtival-draws-huge-crowd/
  11. ^ http://dctc.webs.com/whoweare.htm
  12. ^ http://sferrer.blogspot.com/
  13. ^ http://sferrer.blogspot.com/p/parish-profile.html
  14. ^ http://parishprofile.blogspot.com/p/history-of-parish.html
  15. ^ http://www.cbcponline.org/lingayen-dagupan/html/parishes.html
  16. ^ a b http://rcald.org/
  17. ^ http://www.ucanews.com/diocesan-directory/html/dps-pr_urdaneta_parishes.html
  18. ^ http://www.church.nfo.ph/list-of-parishes-roman-catholic-diocese-of-urdaneta/
  19. ^ http://capitalpangasinan.blogspot.com/2008/02/all-churches.html
  20. ^ http://www.claretianpublications.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=535:archdiocese-of-lingayen-dagupan&catid=4&Itemid=140
  21. ^ http://rcald.org/?page_id=24
  22. ^ http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=St._Vincent_Ferrer_Church%2C_(Bayambang%2CPangasinan)
  23. ^ http://www.biyahero.net/index.php?option=com_sobi2&sobi2Task=sobi2Details&catid=6&sobi2Id=929&Itemid=56
  24. ^ http://sferrer.blogspot.com/2011/06/bayambang-priests-return.html
  25. ^ http://sferrer.blogspot.com/2012/02/bayambang-prepares-for-quadricentennial.html
  • Layug, Benjamin L. "A tourist guide to notable Philippine Churches." Quezon City: New Day Publication,2007.

External links[edit]

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