Bayana

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Bayana
banasur ki nagri
city
Bayana is located in Rajasthan
Bayana
Bayana
Coordinates: 26°54′N 77°17′E / 26.9°N 77.28°E / 26.9; 77.28Coordinates: 26°54′N 77°17′E / 26.9°N 77.28°E / 26.9; 77.28
Country India
State Rajasthan
District Bharatpur
Founded by by banasur
Elevation 196 m (643 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 55,000
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 321401

Bayana is a historical town in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan in India. It is a historical city founded by [[Banasur]son of bali ], who was a kashyap. He lived during the time of Krishna. His daughter Usha was married to Anirudh (grandson of Shri Krishna after a long battle).

Bayana was ruled by Banasur who was from kashyap dynasty. According to James Burgess in his book 'The Indian Antiquary' during eleventh century 'Bayana' was ruled by Jadon (Yadu) Rajputs the descendants of great hindu Deity lord krishna. These rulers later on accepted Islam during the times of Firoz shah Tughlaq. These Muslim rulers of Bayana and Karouli in Bharatpur region were close to Tughlaq dynasty and were conferred the title of 'Khanzada'. According to traditions word Khana-I-Zaad means son of the household, a title bestowed on Bahadur Nahar Khan by the Sultan Firoz Shah Tuglaq.

There are many places for tourists such as the Gate of Babar, Usha mandir, fort of Sikandara, seven kunds and Bandh Baretha. Bayana is historically important city of India and local population wants it to be recognised for its historical importance.

Geography[edit]

Bayana is located in a small plain, between two hill ranges running more or less parallel to each other near the left bank of the Gambhir river, at a distance of 45 km southwest of Bharatpur.Bayana is located at 26°54′N 77°17′E / 26.9°N 77.28°E / 26.9; 77.28.[1] It has an average elevation of 196 metres (643 feet).

History[edit]

Banasur was king of Bayana city. Name of his daughter was Usha . Gurjar's were ruler kingdom of Bayana samraaj from 900–1250. From the Muslim Conquest to the End of the Tughluq Period- For the sultans of Delhi control of Bayana in eastern Rajasthan was a key to securing their southern territories from the local Hindu rajas.

According to James Burgess in his book 'The Indian Antiquary' Bayana was ruled by Jadon (Yadu) Rajputs the descendants of great hindu Deity lord krishna. These rulers later on accepted Islam during the times of Firoz shah Tughlaq. These Muslim rulers of Bayana and Karouli in Bharatpur region were close to Tughlaq dynasty and were conferred the title of 'Khanzada'. According to traditions word Khana-I-Zaad means son of the household, a title bestowed on Bahadur Nahar Khan by the Sultan Firoz Shah Tuglaq.

Jadon Rajput Raja Samar Pal, the progenitor of great family of Khanazadas was the descendent of Raja Tahan Pal and Adhan Pal. Tahan Pal founded Tahangargh in Dist Bharatpur, was the eldest son of Raja Vijay Pal, founder of Vijay Gargh or Vijaymandgargh. Adhan Pal established himself on the hills called Durala (Kultajpur) thence he was driven to Sarehta near Tijara. Thereafter they ruled in Mewat area down to the time of Babur with their capitals from Alwar, Indore, Tijara and Kotila.

Most of the Khanzadas have migrated to Pakistan after partition in 1947. However a small population remained in Mewat region of India. A famous television program 'India's Most Wanted' anchor and producer named Suhaib Ilyasi is a Khanzada and a descendant of rulers of Bayana.

The first part of the study here sets out the history from inscriptions, standing monuments, and contemporary texts. It looks beyond the fort and town and establishes the boundaries of the region, its resources and the ethnic origin of its Muslim population. The second part is planned to present the history from the time of Timur's invasion, and will deal with the rise of the autonomous local Auhadi rulers, and the role of Bayana under the Lodis, Suris and early Mughals, and its eventual decline after the foundation of Agra, formerly one of its villages.

King Banasur was the king of Sonitpur District (Modern day Tezpur, Assam).His daughter name was Princess Usha. When Krishna's grandson Aniruddha fell in love with her, they secretly tied the knot in gandharva style of marriage. Usha was helped by her friend Chitralekha.When banasur came to know of this he imprisoned Usha in a hill now known as Agnigarh Hill. Krishna came to rescue his grandson here and he and Banasura had a great fight. The whole city was drenched with blood and that is how the modern name Tezpur - Tez means blood and pur means city came into being.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001[update] India census,[2] Bayana had a population of 33,504. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bayana has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 63% of the males and 37% of females literate. 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Bayana
Hinduism
  
77%
Islam
  
18%
Christianity
  
0.4%
Jainism
  
3.7%
Others♦
  
0.9%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%).
==MLA of bayana

GYARSA RAM KOLI is mla of bayana.

Education[edit]

Main schools of Bayana are Govt. Hr. Sec School, Govt. Girls Sr . Sec. School,N. S. V. school of Bayana, Parashuram Vidhya Mandir, Adarsh Vidya Mandir,Gandhi Vidhya Mandir. In last few years level of education has been improved surprisingly as many students have cracked in competitive examination like UPSC, IIT, and PMT.

Tourism[edit]

Here is Sikandra fort, 7 combined small kund (Kundal), Usha mandir, Santpura Temple, Baretha band and here especially Meerana is among the 7th wonder of Bharatpur

References[edit]

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