Bayannur

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This article is about the prefecture-level city in Inner Mongolia. For other uses, see Bayannuur (disambiguation).
Bayannur
巴彦淖尔市 · ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Prefecture-level city
Linhe District, the seat of Bayannur
Linhe District, the seat of Bayannur
Bayannur (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Bayannur (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Bayannur is located in Inner Mongolia
Bayannur
Bayannur
Location of the city centre in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 40°46′N 107°24′E / 40.767°N 107.400°E / 40.767; 107.400Coordinates: 40°46′N 107°24′E / 40.767°N 107.400°E / 40.767; 107.400
Country People's Republic of China
Region Inner Mongolia
Government
 • CPC Secretary Nashunmenghe
 • Mayor He Yonglin
Area
 • Total 65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,669,915
 • Density 25/km2 (66/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 015000
Area code(s) 0478
Website bynr.gov.cn
Bayannur
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 巴彦淖尔
Traditional Chinese 巴彥淖爾
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic Баяннуур хот
Mongolian script ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ

Bayannur or Bayannao'er (Mongolian: ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ Bayannaɣur qota; Chinese: 巴彦淖尔市) is a prefecture-level city in western Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. Until December 1, 2003, the area was called Bayannur League.

Bayannur has an administrative area of 65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi). The name of the city in Mongolian means "Rich Lake". At the 2010 census, the total population of Bayannur is up to 1,669,915, while the city proper, Linhe District, has 520,300 inhabitants.[1]

History[edit]

The Zhao Dynasty (403 BCE–222 BCE) controlled an area including modern-day Bayannur, while the Western Han Dynasty (206 BCE–24 CE) established a hierarchical Chinese administrative structure. The Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) designated this area as part of "Inner Mongolia", but after its overthrow by the Republic of China (1912-1949), Bayannur was assigned to Suiyuan Province. Because of Mongol-Chinese cooperation with the Communist faction in the Chinese Civil War (stalled since 1950), Suiyuan was annexed to the new Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 1954, although not without controversy because of the province's large and longstanding ethnic Han majority.

Geography and climate[edit]

Bayannur is located in the western part of inner Mongolia Autonomous region. Neighbouring prefectures are:

It also borders Mongolia to the north. The whole area of the prefecture is 65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi) at presert and the total population is nearly 1.7 million. Bayannur features a desert climate (Köppen BWk), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, very warm, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. Most of the rain falls between July and September, with very little snow in winter.


Climate data for Bayannur (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
15.5
(59.9)
22.8
(73)
31.9
(89.4)
36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
39.4
(102.9)
37.9
(100.2)
36.0
(96.8)
27.5
(81.5)
19.2
(66.6)
12.4
(54.3)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
1.4
(34.5)
8.5
(47.3)
17.5
(63.5)
24.6
(76.3)
28.8
(83.8)
30.7
(87.3)
28.3
(82.9)
23.1
(73.6)
15.4
(59.7)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
14.9
(58.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.9
(14.2)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.3
(34.3)
9.9
(49.8)
17.3
(63.1)
22.0
(71.6)
24.1
(75.4)
21.9
(71.4)
16.0
(60.8)
8.1
(46.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
8.08
(46.53)
Average low °C (°F) −15.1
(4.8)
−11.6
(11.1)
−5
(23)
2.7
(36.9)
9.7
(49.5)
14.9
(58.8)
17.9
(64.2)
16.1
(61)
9.8
(49.6)
2.4
(36.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−12.1
(10.2)
2.0
(35.6)
Record low °C (°F) −35.3
(−31.5)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−10.3
(13.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
5.5
(41.9)
9.0
(48.2)
5.1
(41.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−9.6
(14.7)
−20.0
(−4)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−35.3
(−31.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.0
(0.039)
1.1
(0.043)
3.0
(0.118)
4.2
(0.165)
10.8
(0.425)
14.3
(0.563)
34.1
(1.343)
47.7
(1.878)
18.9
(0.744)
8.5
(0.335)
1.7
(0.067)
0.4
(0.016)
145.7
(5.736)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.5 3.0 4.4 7.4 8.1 4.6 2.3 1.0 0.6 36.5
Source: Weather China

Demographics[edit]

In 2000, there were 1,682,662 inhabitants:

Ethnic group no. of inhabitants share
Han 1,579,969 93.9%
Mongols 76,368 4.54%
Hui 19,835 1.18%
Manchu 4,231 0.25%
Tujia 560 0.03%
Tibetans 393 0.02%
Miao 224 0.01%
Koreans 211 0.01%
Yi 178 0.01%
Daur 166 0.01%
Other 527 0.03%

At the end of 2004, the population was at around 1,79 million inhabitants.

Administrative Subdivisions[edit]

Bayannur is divided into one district, two counties and four banners:

Map
Bayan Nur mcp.png
# Name Mongolian Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2004 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Linhe District ᠯᠢᠨᠾᠧ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ
(Linhė toɣoriɣ)
临河区 Línhé Qū 550,000 2,354 234
2 Wuyuan County ᠦᠶᠤᠸᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Üyuvan siyan)
五原县 Wǔyuán Xiàn 280,000 2,493 112
3 Dengkou County ᠳ᠋ᠧᠩᠺᠧᠦ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Dėŋḵėü siyan)
磴口县 Dèngkǒu Xiàn 120,000 4,167 29
4 Urat Front Banner ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Emünedü qosiɣu)
乌拉特前旗 Wūlātè Qián Qí 340,000 7,476 45
5 Urat Middle Banner ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Dumdadu qosiɣu)
乌拉特中旗 Wūlātè Zhōng Qí 140,000 22,606 6
6 Urat Rear Banner ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Qoyitu qosiɣu)
乌拉特后旗 Wūlātè Hòu Qí 60,000 24,925 2
7 Hanggin Rear Banner ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Qaŋɣin Qoyitu qosiɣu)
杭锦后旗 Hángjǐn Hòu Qí 300,000 1,767 170

Cuisine[edit]

Located in Hetao Plain, Bayannaoer is the largest agricultural hub in Inner Mongolia. Bayannaoer is famous for "Bameng braised dishes" (巴盟烩菜), meaning "braised dishes".

References[edit]

External links[edit]