巴彦淖尔市 · ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Linhe District, the seat of Bayannur
Bayannur (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• CPC Secretary||Nashunmenghe|
|• Mayor||He Yonglin|
|• Total||65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi)|
|• Density||25/km2 (66/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Mongolian Cyrillic||Баяннуур хот|
|Mongolian script||ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ|
Bayannur or Bayannao'er (Mongolian: ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ Bayannaɣur qota; Chinese: 巴彦淖尔市) is a prefecture-level city in western Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. Until December 1, 2003, the area was called Bayannur League.
Bayannur has an administrative area of 65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi). The name of the city in Mongolian means "Rich Lake". At the 2010 census, the total population of Bayannur is up to 1,669,915, while the city proper, Linhe District, has 520,300 inhabitants.
The Zhao Dynasty (403 BCE–222 BCE) controlled an area including modern-day Bayannur, while the Western Han Dynasty (206 BCE–24 CE) established a hierarchical Chinese administrative structure. The Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) designated this area as part of "Inner Mongolia", but after its overthrow by the Republic of China (1912-1949), Bayannur was assigned to Suiyuan Province. Because of Mongol-Chinese cooperation with the Communist faction in the Chinese Civil War (stalled since 1950), Suiyuan was annexed to the new Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 1954, although not without controversy because of the province's large and longstanding ethnic Han majority.
Geography and climate
Bayannur is located in the western part of inner Mongolia Autonomous region. Neighbouring prefectures are:
It also borders Mongolia to the north. The whole area of the prefecture is 65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi) at presert and the total population is nearly 1.7 million. Bayannur features a desert climate (Köppen BWk), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, very warm, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. Most of the rain falls between July and September, with very little snow in winter.
|Climate data for Linhe District (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.3
|Average low °C (°F)||−15.1
|Precipitation mm (inches)||1.0
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||0.9||1.2||1.5||1.5||3.0||4.4||7.4||8.1||4.6||2.3||1.0||0.6||36.5|
|Source: Weather China|
In 2000, there were 1,682,662 inhabitants:
|Ethnic group||no. of inhabitants||share|
At the end of 2004, the population was at around 1,79 million inhabitants.
Bayannur is divided into one district, two counties and four banners:
|#||Name||Mongolian||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2004 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Linhe District||ᠯᠢᠨᠾᠧ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ
|2||Wuyuan County||ᠦᠶᠤᠸᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
|3||Dengkou County||ᠳ᠋ᠧᠩᠺᠧᠦ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
|4||Urat Front Banner||ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Emünedü qosiɣu)
|乌拉特前旗||Wūlātè Qián Qí||340,000||7,476||45|
|5||Urat Middle Banner||ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Dumdadu qosiɣu)
|乌拉特中旗||Wūlātè Zhōng Qí||140,000||22,606||6|
|6||Urat Rear Banner||ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Qoyitu qosiɣu)
|乌拉特后旗||Wūlātè Hòu Qí||60,000||24,925||2|
|7||Hanggin Rear Banner||ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Qaŋɣin Qoyitu qosiɣu)
|杭锦后旗||Hángjǐn Hòu Qí||300,000||1,767||170|
Located in Hetao Plain, Bayannaoer is the largest agricultural hub in Inner Mongolia. Bayannaoer is famous for "Bameng braised dishes" (巴盟烩菜), meaning "braised dishes".