Bayat, Çorum

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Bayat
Bayat is located in Turkey
Bayat
Bayat
Coordinates: 40°38′46″N 34°15′40″E / 40.646°N 34.261°E / 40.646; 34.261Coordinates: 40°38′46″N 34°15′40″E / 40.646°N 34.261°E / 40.646; 34.261
Country  Turkey
Province Çorum
Government
 • Mayor Ekrem Ünlü (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 814.53 km2 (314.49 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 8,028
 • District 20,909
 • District density 26/km2 (66/sq mi)
Climate Csb

Bayat is a district of Çorum Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located at 83 km from the city of Çorum, near the town of İskilip. It covers an area of 770 km², and the population (2010) is 23,323 of which 8,479 live in the town of Bayat. It has an elevation of 625 m. The mayor is Ekrem Ünlü (AKP).

Geography[edit]

Bayat is located at high altitude above the Black Sea coast, but has the character of a central Anatolian district. The town stands in a valley of the River Bayat, a tributary of the Kızılırmak that runs down from the surrounding mountains including the 2013 m Mount Öbek.

In the mountain villages in the north of the district people live on forestry and herding livestock, there are also a number of coal mines. Many families have migrated to larger cities in search of jobs, or go as seasonal labour in the construction industry. There is better farmland in the valley floor along with flour and feed mills.

The town of Bayat provides schools, health care and other basic amenities to the villages in the district.

History[edit]

The pre-Turkish town was called Claneus and was a Christian bishopric. It belonged at one time to the Roman province of Galatia Secunda,[3] but later became part of the province of Phrygia Salutaris, as indicated in the Notitia Episcopatuum of Byzantine Emperor Leo VI the Wise in the early 10th century. One of its bishops, Salomon, took part in the Third Council of Constantinople in 680 and the Trullan Council of 692. Another, Nicephorus, participated in the Second Council of Nicaea in 787.[4][5] No longer a residential bishopric, Claneus is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[6]

Bayat was settled in the 13th century by the Bayat branch of the Oghuz Turk clan, who were widespread in Anatolia and have given their name to over 50 towns and villages in Turkey.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Heinrich Gelzer, Ungedruckte und ungenügend veröffentlichte Texte der Notitiae episcopatuum, in Abhandlungen der philosophisch-historische classe der Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1901, p. 539, nº 247
  4. ^ Darrouzès Jean, Listes épiscopales du concile de Nicée (787), in Revue des études byzantines, 33 (1975), p. 44.
  5. ^ Raymond Janin, v. Claneus, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, col. 1061
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 871


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