Baybridge Canal

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Baybridge Canal
Baybridge Old Lock geograph 530668.jpg
The disused lock at the lower end of the canal
Specifications
Maximum boat length 75 ft 0 in (22.86 m)
Maximum boat beam 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)
Locks 2
Status reverted to river
History
Date completed 1826
Date closed 1875
Geography
Connects to River Adur
Baybridge Canal
River Adur
Worthing to Horsham Turnpike (now A24)
Wharf (End of navigation)
lock
Butchers Row bridge
Hatterell Farm lift bridge (now fixed)
Lock Lane swing bridge (now fixed)
lock
B2135 Bines Bridge
River Adur

The Baybridge Canal was a short canal built entirely within the parish of West Grinstead in the English county of Sussex. It opened in 1826, and closed in 1875.

History[edit]

The River Adur is formed when the Western Adur and the Eastern Adur join near Henfold. The Western branch starts near Slinfold, and flows through Shipley and West Grinstead. The Eastern branch rises on Ditchling Common, and flows through Haywards Heath and Burgess Hill. Below the junction, the combined stream flows for 10.8 miles (17.4 km) to reach the English Channel at the port of Shoreham-by-Sea.[1] Under an act of Parliament obtained in 1807,[2] the river was improved, to aid both navigation and drainage, and barges could reach Bines Bridge on the Western Adur.[1]

In 1824, the civil engineer May Upton produced a plan for extending the navigation northwards to West Grinstead, at a cost of just under £6,000. This formed the basis for another act of Parliament, which was obtained in 1825, and created the Baybridge Canal Company. Seven men were named as proprietors, including Lord Selsey and Sir Charles Merrick Burrell, and they were empowered to raise £6,000 by issuing shares, and an additional £3,000 by mortgages if required.[3] Although called a canal, it was essentially a river navigation, as it followed the course of the river to West Grinstead, to terminate at a wharf near the Worthing to Horsham turnpike road,[1] now the A24.

The canal ran for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Bines Bridge to the wharf at Baybridge. There were two locks, designed for boats which were 75 by 12.5 feet (22.9 by 3.8 m),[4] each with a 7 foot rise. All of the route was within the parish of West Grinstead, and the construction work was completed in 1826. The main trade was manure, coal and chalk. The canal closed on 1 September 1875 due to competition from the railways, having been little used after the opening of the railway from Shoreham to West Grinstead in 1861.[5]

Course[edit]

The waterway was crossed by a swing bridge just above the lower lock,[6] and a lift bridge at Hatterell Farm. Both have been replaced by fixed bridges, and the Environment Agency maintain a gauging station at the Hatterell Farm bridge,[7] which measures flows in the river. The average flow up to 2005 was 22.43 million gallons (101.9 Megalitres) per day.[8]

Points of interest[edit]


Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Cumberlidge 2009, pp. 50–51
  2. ^ Priestley 1831, p. 4
  3. ^ Priestley 1831, p. 58
  4. ^ Cumberlidge 2009, p. 376
  5. ^ Vine 1985, p. 2
  6. ^ Peter Cox. "Locks Bridge". Geograph. 
  7. ^ Peter Cox. "Hatterell Bridge". Geograph. 
  8. ^ Marsh & Hannaford 2008, p. 115

See also[edit]