Bayburt

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Bayburt
Municipality
Coat of arms of Bayburt
Coat of arms
Bayburt is located in Turkey
Bayburt
Bayburt
Coordinates: 40°15′35″N 40°13′40″E / 40.25972°N 40.22778°E / 40.25972; 40.22778Coordinates: 40°15′35″N 40°13′40″E / 40.25972°N 40.22778°E / 40.25972; 40.22778
Country Turkey
Province Bayburt
Government
 • Mayor Mete Memiş (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 2,655.41 km2 (1,025.26 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 35,947
 • District 61,354
 • District density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Website www.bayburt-bld.gov.tr

Bayburt (pronounced [ˈbajbuɾt]) is a city in northeast Turkey lying on the Çoruh River, and is the provincial capital of Turkey's Bayburt Province.

Bayburt was once an important center on the ancient Silk Road and it was visited by Marco Polo and Turkish excursionist Evliya Celebi. Remains of its medieval castle still exist. There are several historical mosques, Turkish baths (Hamams) and tombstones in the city and ancient historical cites such as the Çatalçeşme Underground Complex and the natural wonders like Sirakayalar Waterfall in the other parts of the province.

History[edit]

Bayburt (From the Armenian: Բայտբերդ "Baydbert" (Bagratuni era) which in turn derives from Ամբատավան "Ambatavan" (Arsacid era)) was originally founded by the Azzi people. Groups who subsequently either settled in the area or dominated it include the Cimmerians in the 8th century BC, then in the 7th century BC the Medes, followed by the Persians, the Pontic Empire, the Roman, the Byzantines (who called it Paipert), the Bagratuni Armenian Kingdom, the Seljuk and eventually under Ottoman.[3][4]

Sights and activities[edit]

Parks and nature[edit]

Bayburt has many delightful parks and open spaces like "Gençlik Parkı" (Youth Park), "Şehit Nusret Bahçesi" (Martyr Nusret Gardens) and "Genç Osman Parkı" (Young Osman Park). The city has 535.780m² of nursery areas, where young plants are raised for the forests of Bayburt. Also there are two caves that visitors can see the interesting natural shapes of the stones. These caves are, "Çimağıl Mağarası" and "Helva Köyü Buz Mağarası".[5]

Universities[edit]

Bayburt University is located at the center of the city, university has several faculties such as Engineering, Arts and Sciences and Administrative Sciences. There are also several vocational schools.

Transportation[edit]

"Bayburt Otobus Terminali", located in the south of the city, is the main port to Bayburt.

Sports[edit]

The city has one football club currently competing in the Turkish Amateur Football Championship, struggling for promotion to the Turkish Third League, called Bayburtspor.Şalcilarspor played in the Second League between 1986-1988.

Bayburt Castle[edit]

An image of Bayburt Castle

This castle stands on the steep rocks north of Bayburt. When the It was held by the Bagratuni Dynasty (885-1044), who gave the castle the name it and the city is known for today. It was completely rebuilt by the Saltuk ruler Mugis-al-Din Tugrul Sah between 1200 and 1230, as attested by an inscription in the walls of the castle. The massive size of its walls and the quality of its masonry place it amongst the finest of all the castles in Anatolia but for its destruction by the Russians during the early nineteenth century.[6]

Çinimaçin among the people in the so-called Castle Castle, Dede Korkut stories "declares the length Beyrek BAMS Cam Buren Son" with the name of the story Beyrek'in (Mr. Böyrek or BAMS Beyrek) sets out to conquer the fortress to gain a reputation.

Climate[edit]

Bayburt has a continental climate with freezing cold winters, the majority of the time snowing heavily. Summers are warm with cool nights. The climate is best described as humid continental by the Köppen Climate System Dfb, on the border of Dsb.[7] Most of the precipitation occurs in late spring and early summer.

Climate data for Bayburt (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
13.9
(57)
21.2
(70.2)
25.3
(77.5)
29.6
(85.3)
32.4
(90.3)
36.2
(97.2)
37.1
(98.8)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
20.0
(68)
18.2
(64.8)
37.1
(98.8)
Average high °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
0.2
(32.4)
5.4
(41.7)
12.7
(54.9)
18.0
(64.4)
22.4
(72.3)
26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
23.3
(73.9)
16.7
(62.1)
8.6
(47.5)
1.7
(35.1)
13.49
(56.29)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.0
(32)
7.0
(44.6)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
19.0
(66.2)
18.8
(65.8)
14.7
(58.5)
9.2
(48.6)
2.6
(36.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
6.95
(44.52)
Average low °C (°F) −10.9
(12.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
1.7
(35.1)
5.5
(41.9)
8.2
(46.8)
11.0
(51.8)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
−7.1
(19.2)
1.12
(34.03)
Record low °C (°F) −31.3
(−24.3)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−12.7
(9.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.6
(29.1)
0.2
(32.4)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
−10.6
(12.9)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−31.3
(−24.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 26.5
(1.043)
28.2
(1.11)
39.7
(1.563)
62.8
(2.472)
68.6
(2.701)
52.0
(2.047)
20.6
(0.811)
14.2
(0.559)
20.7
(0.815)
44.4
(1.748)
34.2
(1.346)
28.8
(1.134)
440.7
(17.349)
Avg. precipitation days 11.2 10.9 12.4 13.9 15.4 10.5 5.1 4.3 4.7 8.7 9.1 10.7 116.9
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [8]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Bayburt is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

Notable people from Bayburt[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Bayburt Guide (en)
  4. ^ Bayburt (tr)
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ David Winfield, "A Note on the South-Eastern Borders of the Empire of Trebizond in the Thirteenth Century", Anatolian Studies, 12 (1962), p. 166
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Bayburt
  8. ^ "İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü". Dmi.gov.tr. 1996-10-25. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-20.