Bayezid I Mosque

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Bayezid I Mosque
View of Bursa and the Sultan Bayezid I Camii between 1880 and 1893.jpg
Historic photo of the mosque from a distance (1880-1893)
Basic information
Location Bursa, Turkey
Geographic coordinates 40°11′02″N 29°03′43″E / 40.183841°N 29.061960°E / 40.183841; 29.061960
Affiliation Islam
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Islamic, Ottoman architecture
Groundbreaking 1391
Completed 1395
Specifications
Minaret(s) 2

Bayzid I Mosque (Turkish; Yıldırım Camii or Yıldırım Bayezid Camii) is a historic mosque in Bursa, Turkey, that is part of the large complex (külliye) built by the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I (Yıldırım Bayezid - Bayezid the Thunderbolt) between 1391-1395.[1] It is situated in Bursa metropolitan district of Yıldırım, also named after the same sultan. It went under extensive renovation following the 1855 Bursa earthquake.

Architecture[edit]

The mosque comprises a central hall with a large dome flanked by eyvans on the east and west with smaller domes and another large domed eyvan with mihrab on the south.

There are four rooms with fireplaces and cupboards to the north and south of side of the eyvans. South eyvans are accessed directly from the central hall while the north eyvans are accessed thought small vestibules. Each north eyvan also contains two niches on the sides that are accessed through the vestibules. The entrance hall of the mosque features high domed ceilings. The last prayer section (semi-open section of the mosque at the north end) is built with five sub-sections and each subsection is covered with an individual dome.

In the Yıldırım Camii, all three eyvans were built three steps higher than the central hall. Yıldırım Camii was the first structure where Bursa Arch was implemented. This flattened arch is located in between the central hall and south eyvan connects and supports the two large domes. There are two minarets on the sides of the mosque. Unlike similar mosques of its time in Bursa, Yıldırım Camii was constructed entirely out of dimension stones and bricks were not used in any part of the mosque.

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