Bayil

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Coordinates: 40°21′N 49°50′E / 40.350°N 49.833°E / 40.350; 49.833

Bayil
Bayıl
View of Bayil
View of Bayil
Bayil is located in Azerbaijan
Bayil
Bayil
Coordinates: 40°21′N 49°50′E / 40.350°N 49.833°E / 40.350; 49.833
Country  Azerbaijan
Rayon Baku
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)

Bayil (Azerbaijani: Bayıl; also known as Bayilov, Bailovo, and Bayilovo) is a settlement in Baku, Azerbaijan.

Geography[edit]

In March 2000, a major landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations.[1] The slope in later years also experienced few minor landslides which led Baku City Administration to examine the area and make a final decision on razing houses in this territory.[2][3]

The most neighborhoods are largely composed of block after block of picturesque rowhouses and a few mansions.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

In 1235, Shirvanshah Fariburzom III on one of the Bayil Bay has been constructed building, later named Sabayil Castle. The area also called Shahri Saba, Shahri nau, underwater city, a caravanserai and Bayil stones.[4]

In 1858, Marine Administration of Russian Empire began construction of municipality on local admiralty's drafts.[5] On 6 May 1868 in Cape Bayil, in the presence of Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia, was founded five-domed church.[6]

The first residential areas in the Bayil formed along the pilgrimage road passes on Bayil cape and leading to the Bibi-Heybat Mosque. Development of the Black City and the discovery of oilfields in the Bibiheybət stimulated the expansion of Bayil in the direction of Baku.

By the late 19th century, residential part of the occupied steep slopes and developed in the direction of the city, which went beyond the boundaries of their land and merged with the surrounding areas, with the center Bayil was kept in the Baku International Sea Trade Port area.

Despite the extensive construction in the direction of Baku and economic relationship with the capital, Bayil until 1912 remained legally independent maritime province.[5]

In 1900, Leonid Krasin arrived to the Bayil at the invitation of the Robert Classon.[7][8] He became deputy head of the construction of the Bayil Thermal power station and controlled it after completion of construction until 1904.

Modern period[edit]

Bayil Slope

In 2010, restoration works are held at the Bayil stadium with 3000 attendance after Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan's proposal to increase popularity in Baku.[9]

In 2011, government unveiled restored Gafur Mammadov park on Victory Day.[10]

Landmarks[edit]

Most visitors get their first glimpse of the neighborhood when visiting the area's best known cultural attraction, National Flag Square. Confirmed by the Guinness Book of Records, the flag flies on a pole 162 meters high and measures 70 by 35 meters which makes it the world's highest flag.[11] Baku Crystal Hall, which hosted Eurovision Song Contest 2012, is located next to it.

The development of the area replaced, another famous landmark, Bayil prison - one of USSR's strictest prisons and the same prison in which Joseph Stalin was kept in the early years of the 20th century because of his criminal activities in Baku, organizing oil worker strikes.[12]

The area also contains main naval base of Azerbaijani Navy.

Education[edit]

Private[edit]

Public[edit]

  • № 3 Baku School (1st Grade – 11th Grade)
  • №49 Baku School (1st Grade – 11th Grade)
  • №91 Baku School (1st Grade – 11th Grade)
  • №163 Baku School (1st Grade – 11th Grade)
  • №203 Baku School (1st Grade – 11th Grade)

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ismailzade, Fariz. "Baku Landslide Puts City Government at Risk". Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "Residents of houses located in landslide area in Azerbaijan’s capital will be resettled". Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Inventory of landslide houses made". Trend News Agency. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Сабаиловский Замок". window2baku.com. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Fatullayev, Shamil. "ГРАДОСТРОИТЕЛЬСТВО БАКУ". Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Gumbatova, Tamara (2008). Баку и немцы. Baku. pp. 62–67. 
  7. ^ "Кто есть кто". energymuseum.ru. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "SIEMENS 140 ЛЕТ В АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНЕ". Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Comprehensive events to develop football are implemented". affa.az. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "В День Победы в Баку после реконструкции откроется еще один парк - ФОТО". Day.az. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "Azerbaijan: Baku welcomes the world's highest flag… and a strong wind". Globalvoicesonline. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  12. ^ Blair, Betty. "Bayil Prison". Azerbaijan International Magazine. Archived from the original on 9 December 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 

External links[edit]