View of Bayil
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In March 2000, a major landslide in the Bayil slope destroyed dozens of shops, apartments and gas stations. The slope in later years also experienced few minor landslides which led Baku City Administration to examine the area and make a final decision on razing houses in this territory.
The most neighborhoods are largely composed of block after block of picturesque rowhouses and a few mansions.
In 1235, Shirvanshah Fariburzom III on one of the Bayil Bay has been constructed building, later named Sabayil Castle. The area also called Shahri Saba, Shahri nau, underwater city, a caravanserai and Bayil stones.
In 1858, Marine Administration of Russian Empire began construction of municipality on local admiralty's drafts. On 6 May 1868 in Cape Bayil, in the presence of Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia, was founded five-domed church.
The first residential areas in the Bayil formed along the pilgrimage road passes on Bayil cape and leading to the Bibi-Heybat Mosque. Development of the Black City and the discovery of oilfields in the Bibiheybət stimulated the expansion of Bayil in the direction of Baku.
By the late 19th century, residential part of the occupied steep slopes and developed in the direction of the city, which went beyond the boundaries of their land and merged with the surrounding areas, with the center Bayil was kept in the Baku International Sea Trade Port area.
In 1900, Leonid Krasin arrived to the Bayil at the invitation of the Robert Classon. He became deputy head of the construction of the Bayil Thermal power station and controlled it after completion of construction until 1904.
Most visitors get their first glimpse of the neighborhood when visiting the area's best known cultural attraction, National Flag Square. Confirmed by the Guinness Book of Records, the flag flies on a pole 162 meters high and measures 70 by 35 meters which makes it the world's highest flag. Baku Crystal Hall, which hosted Eurovision Song Contest 2012, is located next to it.
The development of the area replaced, another famous landmark, Bayil prison - one of USSR's strictest prisons and the same prison in which Joseph Stalin was kept in the early years of the 20th century because of his criminal activities in Baku, organizing oil worker strikes.
The area also contains main naval base of Azerbaijani Navy.
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