Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
Short Chinese name
ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠧᠦ
بايىنغولىن موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى
Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, often abbreviated to Bayingol (literally "rich river"), is an [1 ] autonomous prefecture of the People's Republic of China, bordering Gansu to the east, Qinghai to the southeast, and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south. It is the largest prefecture-level division nationally, with an area of 462,700 km 2 (178,600 sq mi), larger than even neighbouring Gansu. The prefectural capital is Korla.
Demographics [ edit ]
According to the 2000
census, Bayingolin has 1,056,970 inhabitants (population density: 2.28 per km²).
Ethnic groups in Bayingolin [ edit ]
When Bayingolin was first established in 1954, it was an area with the Mongols comprising 35% of the prefecture's population.
However, in 1960, the Chinese government annexed to it a neighbouring [2 ] Uyghur area, after which the prefecture occupied one-third of Xinjiang's, and the Uyghurs far out-numbered the Mongols. Due to steady immigration, the Han Chinese population has also increased significantly. In 1947, there were reportedly only 1,682 Han Chinese in Xinjiang's Eighth District (roughly corresponding to today's Bayingolin in area), and that increased to over 660,000 in 2004. [3 ] [3 ] [4 ]
In 2000, the ethnic balance was as follows:
Subdivisions [ edit ]
Bayin'gholin directly controls 1
county-level city, 7 counties and 1 autonomous county.
Uyghur ( UEY) Uyghur Latin (
Mongolian Population (2003 est.)
ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠯ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ 420,000
Luntai [Bügür] County 轮台县
Yuli [Lopnur] County 尉犁县
Ruoqiang [Qarkilik] County 若羌县
Qiemo [Qarqan] County 且末县
Hejing County 和静县
Hoxud County 和硕县
Bohu [Bagrax] County 博湖县
Yanqi Hui Autonomous County 焉耆回族自治县
Yānqí Huízú Zìzhìxiàn
يەنجى خۇيزۇ ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
Yenji Xuyzu Aptonom Nahiyisi
See also [ edit ]
^ The official spelling is "Bayingolin" according to Zhōngguó dìmínglù 中国地名录 (Beijing, 中国地图出版社 1997); SinoMaps Press ISBN 7-5031-1718-4; p. 300.
^ Atwood, Christopher (2004). Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire. Facts on File. p. 39.
^ a b Gardner Bovingdon (2010). "Chapter 2 - Heteronomy and Its Discontents". The Uyghurs - strangers in their own land. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-14758-3.
^ Gardner Bovingdon (2010). "Note 9 (Chapter 2)". The Uyghurs - strangers in their own land. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-14758-3.
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 39°20′N 87°37′E / 39.33°N 87.61°E