Bayonne, New Jersey
|Bayonne, New Jersey|
|— City —|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 1, 1861 (as township)|
|Incorporated||March 10, 1869 (as city)|
|• Type||Faulkner Act Mayor-Council|
|• Mayor||Mark Smith (term ends May 21, 2014)|
|• Total||11.082 sq mi (28.702 km2)|
|• Land||5.804 sq mi (15.033 km2)|
|• Water||5.278 sq mi (13.669 km2) 47.62%|
|Area rank||200th of 566 in state
2nd of 12 in county
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Rank||21st of 566 in state
3rd of 12 in county
|• Density||10,858.3/sq mi (4,192.4/km2)|
|• Density rank||28th of 566 in state
10th of 12 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885151|
Bayonne (pronounced bay-OWN) is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. Located in the Gateway Region, Bayonne is a peninsula that is situated between Newark Bay to the west, the Kill van Kull to the south, and New York Bay to the east. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 63,024, reflecting an increase of 1,182 (+1.9%) from the 61,842 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 398 (+0.6%) from the 61,444 counted in the 1990 Census.
Bayonne was originally formed as a township on April 1, 1861, from portions of Bergen Township. Bayonne was reincorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1869, replacing Bayonne Township, subject to the results of a referendum held nine days later. At the time it was formed, Bayonne included the communities of Bergen Point, Constable Hook, Centreville, Pamrapo and Saltersville.
The city lies at the heart of the Port of New York and New Jersey, east of Newark, the state's largest city, and west of Brooklyn. It shares a land border with Jersey City to the north and is connected to Staten Island by the Bayonne Bridge. While somewhat diminished, traditional manufacturing, distribution, and maritime activities remain important to the economy of the city.
Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the region presently known as Bayonne was claimed by the Netherlands after Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River which is aptly named after him. According to Royden Page Whitcomb's 1904 book, First history of Bayonne, New Jersey, the name Bayonne is speculated to have originated with Bayonne, France, from which Huguenots settled for a year before the founding of New Amsterdam. However, there is no empirical evidence for this notion, which is considered apocryphal. Whitcomb gives more credence to the idea that Erastus Randall, E.C. Bramhall and B.F. Woolsey, who bought the land owned by Jasper and William Cadmus for real estate speculation, named it Bayonne for purposes of real estate speculation, because it was located on the shores of two bays, Newark and New York.
The city experienced strikes that led to significant civil unrest during the Bayonne refinery strikes of 1915–1916, in which mostly Polish American workers staged labor actions against Standard Oil of New Jersey and Tidewater Petroleum, seeking improved pay and working conditions. Four striking workers were killed when strikebreakers protected by police fired into a crowd.
Bayonne is located at United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.082 square miles (28.702 km2), of which, 5.804 square miles (15.033 km2) of it is land and 5.278 square miles (13.669 km2) of it (47.62%) is water.(40.662411,-74.110228). According to the
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 63,024 people, 25,237 households, and 16,051 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,858.3 inhabitants per square mile (4,192.4 /km2). There were 27,799 housing units at an average density of 4,789.4 per square mile (1,849.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.21% (43,618) White, 8.86% (5,584) Black or African American, 0.31% (194) Native American, 7.71% (4,861) Asian, 0.03% (16) Pacific Islander, 10.00% (6,303) from other races, and 3.88% (2,448) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.79% (16,251) of the population.
There were 25,237 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,587 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,278) and the median family income was $66,077 (+/- $5,235). Males had a median income of $51,188 (+/- $1,888) versus $42,097 (+/- $1,820) for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,698 (+/- $1,102). About 9.9% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 61,842 people, 25,545 households, and 16,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,992.2 people per square mile (4,241.1/km²). There were 26,826 housing units at an average density of 4,768.2 per square mile (1,839.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 5.50% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.46% from other races, and 4.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.81% of the population.
There were 25,545 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,566, and the median income for a family was $52,413. Males had a median income of $39,790 versus $33,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,553. About 8.4% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Bayonne has been governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government since 1962, before which it was governed by a Board of Commissioners under the Walsh Act.
As of 2012[update], the Mayor of Bayonne is Mark Smith, who was elected in a Special Election in November 2008 to fill out the term of former Mayor Joseph Doria, who was appointed by then-Governor Jon Corzine to head the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs; Smith won an election for a full term of office in May 2010 and will serve in office until May 21, 2014. Members of the Bayonne City Council are Council President Terrence Ruane (At-large), Debra Czerwienski (At-large), Agnes Gillepsie (First Ward), Joseph Hurley (Second Ward) and Raymond Greaves (Third Ward).
- Mayors of Bayonne
- Mayors have been governing the community since Bayonne was established in 1869.
- The first mayor of Bayonne was Henry Meigs, who served from 1869–1879.
- The mayor with the longest term in office was Dennis P. Collins, who served from 1974–1990.
- Pierre P. Garven served two non-consecutive terms from 1906–1910 and 1915–1919
- Dr. Bert J. Daly served three non-consecutive terms from 1914–1915, 1927–1931 and 1943–1947.
- Henry Meigs, Jr. 1869–1879
- Stephen K. Lane 1879–1883
- David W. Oliver 1883–1887
- John Newman 1887–1891
- William C. Farr 1891–1895
- Egbert Seymour 1895–1904
- Thomas Brady 1904–1906
- Pierre P. Garven 1906–1910
- John J. Cain 1910–1912
- Matthew T. Cronin 1912–1914
- Bert J. Daly 1914–1915
- Pierre P. Garven 1915–1919
- W. Homer Axford 1919–1923
- Robert J. Talbot 1923–1927
- Bert J. Daly 1927–1931
- Lucius F. Donohue 1931–1939
- James J. Donovan 1939–1943
- Bert J. Daly 1943–1947
- Charles A. Heiser 1947–1951
- Edward F. Clark 1951–1955
- G. Thomas DiDomenico 1955–1959
- Alfred V. Brady 1959–1962
- Francis G. Fitzpatrick 1962–1974
- Dennis P. Collins 1974–1990
- Richard A. Rutkowski 1990–1994
- Leonard P. Kiczek 1994–1998
- Joseph V. Doria, Jr. 1998–2007
- Terrance Malloy 2007–2008
- Mark Smith 2008–present
Federal, state and county representation
Bayonne is split between the 8th and 10th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 31st state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Bayonne had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. The split placed 33,218 residents living in the city's south and west in the 8th District, while 29,806 residents in the northeastern portion of the city were placed in the 10th District.
New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 31st District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Sandra Bolden Cunningham (D, Jersey City) and in the General Assembly by Charles Mainor (D, Jersey City) and Jason O'Donnell (D, Bayonne). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders District 1, which comprises Bayonne and Country Village in Jersey City, is represented by Doreen McAndrew DiDomenico. The Hudson County Executive, elected at-large, is Thomas A. DeGise.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 32,747 registered voters in Bayonne, of which 17,087 (52.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,709 (8.3%) were registered as Republicans and 12,928 (39.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.0% of the vote here (13,768 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 40.6% (9,796 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (283 votes), among the 24,139 ballots cast by the town's 35,823 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.4%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 56.0% of the vote here (12,402 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 42.2% (9,341 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (184 votes), among the 22,135 ballots cast by the town's 32,129 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.9.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 53.8% of the vote here (7,421 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 38.7% (5,333 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.8% (662 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (183 votes), among the 13,781 ballots cast by the town's 32,588 registered voters, yielding a 42.3% turnout.
Municipal Utilities Authority
The Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority is the second agency to use wind power in New Jersey and has built the first wind turbine in the metropolitan area. Construction of a single turbine tower was completed in January 2012. It is the first wind turbine created by Leitwind to be installed in the United States. The autonomous agency in 2012 entered into a water management agreement with United Water.
The city of Bayonne is protected on a full-time, around-the-clock basis by the 161 professional firefighters of the city of Bayonne Fire Department (BFD), which was founded on September 3, 1906, and operates out of five Fire Stations, located throughout the city. The BFD operates a fire apparatus fleet of 4 Engines, 3 Trucks, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue, 2 Fireboats, 1 Multi-Service Unit (M.S.U.) and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. Each piece of apparatus is staffed by 4 captains and 12 firefighters. Each platoon who work a 24 hours on, 72 hours off schedule is commanded by a Battalion Chief. The BFD responds to approximately 17,000 emergency calls annually. The current Chief of Department is Gregory J. Rogers.
|Engine company||Truck company||Special unit||Command unit||Address|
|Engine 2||Tower Ladder 1||West 4th Street & Zabriskie Avenue|
|Engine 3||Tower Ladder 2||Multi Service Unit||Battalion 1, Deputy Chief||Avenue C & West 27th Street|
|Engine 4||Rescue 1, Marine 1, Marine 2||Avenue A & West 16th Street|
|Squad 5||Route 440 & Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor|
|Engine 6||Ladder 3||Avenue B & West 57th Street|
The Bayonne Board of Education serves students from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are the 11 elementary schools — Henry E. Harris No. 1 (grades PreK-8; 650 students), Phillip G. Vroom No. 2 (PreK-8; 376), Dr. Walter F. Robinson No. 3 (PreK-8; 794), Mary J. Donohoe No. 4 (PreK-8; 479), Lincoln Community School No. 5 (PreK-8; 423), Horace Mann No. 6 (PreK-8; 559), Midtown Community School No. 8 (PreK-8; 1,046), George Washington Community School No. 9 (PreK-8; 619), Woodrow Wilson School No. 10 (PreK-8; 648) and John M. Bailey School No. 12 (PreK-8; 663), and Nicholas Oresko School No. 14 (PreK-8; 399), an advanced school for gifted and talented students in academics, the arts, and physical education; and Bayonne High School (9-12; 2,586). Bayonne High School is the only public school in the state to have an on-campus ice rink for its hockey team.
During the 1998-99 school year, Midtown Community School No. 8 was recognized with the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education. During the 2008–09 school year, P.S. #14 was recognized as a Blue Ribbon School award, and Washington Community School No. 9 was honored during the 2009–10 school year.
For the 2004–05 school year, Mary J. Donohoe No. 4 School was named a "Star School" by the New Jersey Department of Education, the highest honor that a New Jersey school can achieve. It is the fourth school in Bayonne to receive this honor. The other three are Bayonne High School in 1995–96, Midtown Community School in 1996–97 and P.S. #14 in the 1998–99 school year.
Beginning with the 2006–07 school year, the Board of Education implemented a dress code for students in pre-K through eighth grade. Under this code students wear a school logo shirt and a variety of pants, skirts, shorts, and other prescribed items. The plan was intended to "increase student identification with their schools and the district, eliminate many of the distractions associated with differences in social or economic status, allow the children, their teachers and the Board of Education to concentrate on shared pursuit of educational excellence [and] instill a sense of belonging and school pride". The decision prompted a battle between the Board and parents upset at the manner in which the policy was imposed, the cost of the uniforms, the loss of freedom of expression to students in choosing the clothing they wear and issues regarding the manner in which the contract was awarded.
Private schools in Bayonne include All Saints Catholic Academy for grades PreK-8, Holy Family Academy for girls in grades 9-12 and the co-ed Marist High School, all of which operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. The Yeshiva Gedolah of Bayonne is also located here.
Libraries and museums
The Bayonne Public Library, one of New Jersey's original 36 Carnegie libraries, the Bayonne Community Museum, and the Bayonne Firefighters Museum provide educational events and programs.
The Bayonne Bridge connects south to Staten Island over the Kill van Kull. Kennedy Boulevard is a major thoroughfare along the west side of the city from the bridge north to Jersey City and North Hudson.
The Newark Bay Extension (Interstate 78) of the New Jersey Turnpike northbound travels to Jersey City and, via the Holland Tunnel, Manhattan. Westbound, the Newark Bay Bridge provides access to Newark, Newark Liberty International Airport and the rest of the turnpike (Interstate 95).
Route 440 runs along the east side of Bayonne, and the West Side of Jersey City, partially following the old Morris Canal route. Although it has traffic lights it is usually the quickest route north-south within Bayonne. It connects to the Bayonne Bridge, I-78, and to Route 185 to Liberty State Park.
Bus transportation is provided on three main north-south streets of the city: Broadway, Kennedy Boulevard, and Avenue C, both by the state-operated New Jersey Transit and several private bus lines. The Broadway line runs solely inside Bayonne city limits, while bus lines on Avenue C and Kennedy Boulevard run to various end points in Jersey City. One Kennedy Boulevard service (the Coach USA 99S) runs to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, and rush hours peak direction the NJ Transit 120 runs between Avenue C in Bayonne and Battery Park in Downtown Manhattan, while the 81 provides service to New Jersey.
There is also bus service to Staten Island on the S89 route operated by MTA New York City Bus, which provides service between the 34th Street light rail station and the Eltingville neighborhood on Staten Island, making it the first interstate service operated by New York City Transit Authority.
The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail has stops throughout Bayonne, Jersey City, Hoboken, Weehawken, Union City and North Bergen. The stations in Bayonne, originally stops on the former Central Railroad of New Jersey, are 45th Street, 34th Street, 22nd Street, all just east of Avenue E, and 8th Street at Avenue C.
Northbound service from Bayonne runs through Jersey City, mostly near the waterfront, to Hoboken Terminal. Other parts of the system can be accessed via transfers. The Tonnelle Avenue (in North Bergen) and other stations north of Hoboken Terminal can also be reached by transferring at stations between Liberty State Park and Pavonia-Newport for the West Side Avenue-Tonnelle Avenue route, or at Hoboken Terminal for the Tonelle Avenue-Hoboken route. The Liberty State Park station is a transfer point for travel between Bayonne and stations on the West Side Avenue (Jersey City) line. Paid transfers to PATH trains to Newark, Harrison, and downtown Manhattan are available at Exchange Place. Connections to PATH trains to midtown Manhattan and to New Jersey Transit commuter train service are available at Hoboken Terminal, and connections to PATH trains to midtown Manhattan are available at the Hoboken Terminal and Newport stations.
Portions of Bayonne are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
The Bayonne Town Center, located within the Broadway shopping district, includes retailers, eateries, consumer and small business banking centers. The Bayonne Medical Center anchors the northern end of the Town Center. It is the city’s largest employer, with over 1,200 employees.
On the site of the former Military Ocean Terminal, the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor includes new housing and businesses. One of them, Cape Liberty Cruise Port is located at the end of the long peninsula with Royal Caribbean. Also found is a memorial park for the Tear of Grief, commemorating September 11th, 2001 and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
Points of interest
- The Bayonne Bridge is the fourth longest steel arch bridge in the world
- Bergen Point
- Constable Hook is the site of two burials grounds known as the Constable Hook Cemetery, numerous tank farms and the Bayonne Golf Club, situated at the city's highest point
- Hackensack RiverWalk begins at Bergen Point where the Kill Van Kull meets the Newark Bay and connect to the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway. A plaque unveiled on May 2, 2006, for the new Richard A. Rutkowski Park, a wetlands preserve on the northwestern end of town that is part of the RiverWalk. Also known as the Waterfront Park and Environmental Walkway, it is located immediately north of the Stephen R. Gregg Hudson County Park.
- Hudson River Waterfront Walkway is part of a walkway that is intended to run the more than 18 miles from the Bayonne Bridge to the George Washington Bridge.
- Shooters Island, closed to the general public, is a 35 acre island (of which 7.5 acres are in Elizabeth) is operated as a bird sanctuary by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.
National Registered Historic Places and Museums
- Bayonne Truck House No. 1, home to Bayonne Firefighters Museum
- Bayonne Trust Company, home to Bayonne Community Museum
- First Reformed Dutch Church of Bergen Neck
- Robbins Reef Light
Media and culture
Bayonne is located within the New York media market, with most of its daily papers available for sale or delivery. Local, county, and regional news is covered by the daily Jersey Journal. The Bayonne Community News is part of The Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies. Other weeklies, the River View Observer and El Especialito also cover local news. Bayonne-based periodicals include the Bayonne Evening Star-Telegram (B.E.S.T.).
Bayonne's local culture is served by the Annual Outdoor Art Show, which was instituted in 2008, in which local artists display their works.
Films set in Bayonne include the 1991 film Mortal Thoughts, with Demi Moore and Bruce Willis, which was filmed near Horace Mann School and locations around Bayonne and Hoboken; the 2000 drama Men of Honor, starring Robert De Niro and Cuba Gooding Jr.; the 2002 drama Hysterical Blindness; and the 2005 Tom Cruise science fiction film War of the Worlds, which opens at the Bayonne home of the lead character, and depicts the destruction of the Bayonne Bridge by aliens. Films shot in Bayonne include the 2001 film A Beautiful Mind, scenes of which were filmed at the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor, and the 2008 Mickey Rourke drama The Wrestler, which was partially filmed in at the Color & Cuts Salon and the former Dolphin Gym, both of which are on Broadway in Bayonne.
The November 16, 2010, episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart parodied former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin's reality television series, Sarah Palin's Alaska, in the form of a trailer for a fictional reality show called Jason Jones' Bayonne, New Jersey, whose portrayal of the city was characterized by prostitution, drugs, crime, pollution and a stereotypical Italian-American population. Bayonne Mayor Mark Smith criticized the sketch, saying, "Jon Stewart's unfortunate and inaccurate depiction of Bayonne represents a lame attempt at humor at the expense of a rock solid, all-American community."
(B) denotes that the person was born there.
- Ben Bernie (1891–1943), bandleader, author, violinist, composer and conductor who wrote Sweet Georgia Brown.(B)
- Tammy Blanchard (born 1976), actress who won an Emmy Award for her portrayal of Judy Garland in Life with Judy Garland: Me and My Shadows.
- Joe Borowski (born 1971), professional baseball player for the Cleveland Indians.
- Kenny Britt (born 1988), wide receiver for the Tennessee Titans.(B)
- George Cummings (born 1938), guitarist for the 1970s iconic pop band, Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show.
- Sandra Dee (1942–2005), actress best known for her role as Gidget.(B)
- Rich Dimler (born 1956), former nose tackle for the Cleveland Browns and Green Bay Packers.(B)
- Barney Frank (born 1940), member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts since 1981.(B)
- Rick Gomez (born 1972), actor who portrayed Sgt. George Luz, in the HBO television miniseries Band of Brothers.
- Herman Kahn (1922–1983), military strategist.
- Brian Keith (1921–1997), film and TV actor who appeared in The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming and as Uncle Bill in Family Affair.(B)
- Frank Langella (born 1940), actor who has appeared in over 70 productions including Dave and Good Night, and Good Luck..(B)
- Jammal Lord (born 1981), former safety for the Houston Texans.
- George R. R. Martin (born 1948), author and screenwriter of science fiction, horror, and fantasy.
- Samuel Irving Newhouse, Sr. (1895-1979), publishing and broadcasting executive who founded Advance Publications.
- Jim Norton, standup comedian known for his appearances on the The Opie & Anthony Show and The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.
- Gene Olaff (born 1920), early professional soccer goalie.(B)
- Peter George Olenchuk, United States Army Major General.
- Shaquille O'Neal (born 1972), all-star basketball player for various NBA teams.
- Nicholas Oresko (born 1917), United States Army Master Sergeant and recipient of the Medal of Honor.(B)
- Dick Savitt (born 1927), tennis player who reached a raking of second in the world.(B)
- Corey Stokes (born 1988), college basketball player for Villanova University.(B)
- James Urbaniak (born 1963), film and TV actor best known for his role as the voice of Dr. Thaddeus Venture in The Venture Bros..(B)
- Chuck Wepner (born 1939), hard-luck boxer who was known as "The Bayonne Bleeder".
- Zakk Wylde (born 1967), hard rock and heavy metal guitarist.(B)
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
- 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 135.
- 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Bayonne, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Bayonne city, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 9, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Bayonne city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 9, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Bayonne, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 27, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 13, 2012.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Wright, E. Assata. "Secaucus: How do you pronounce it? Development put town on map, but newcomers don’t know where they are", Hudson Reporter, July 6, 2011. "Therefore, the new neighbors may proudly totter about telling folks they live in Sih-KAW-cus or See-KAW-cus. However, natives prefer that the accent be on the first syllable, as in: SEE-kaw-cus.... Bayonne is bay-OWN, not ba-YON, locals say. Kearny is Kar-nee, not Keer-nee."
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- Charter of City of Bayonne, Bayonne Historical Society. Accessed November 28, 2011.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 146. Accessed February 9, 2012.
- History, City of Bayonne. Accessed November 28, 2011.
- Whitcomb, Royden Page. First history of Bayonne, New Jersey, R.P. Whitcomb, Bayonne, New Jersey, 1904, Page 61, Google Books, accessed November 20, 2010.
- Dorsey, George. "The Bayonne Refinery Strikes of 1915-1916", Polish American Studies, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Autumn, 1976), pp. 19-30, Polish American Historical Association. Accessed June 13, 2012.
- Brenner, Aaron; Day, Benjamin; and Ness, Emmanuel. The Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History, M. E. Sharpe, 2009. ISBN 0765613301. Accessed June 13, 2012.
- New Jersey Localities, accessed September 9, 2006.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2012.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed February 8, 2012.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Bayonne city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Bayonne city, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2012.
- "Broadway National Bank of Bayonne v. Parking Authority, New Jersey Superior Court, Law Division decided August 2, 1962. Via FindACase.com. Accessed November 27, 2011. "The facts are undisputed. The City of Bayonne was governed by a board of commissioners in accordance with the Walsh Act until July 1, 1962.... Mayor-Council Plan C of the Faulkner Act (NJSA 40:69A-1 et seq.) was adopted by referendum in the City of Bayonne and took effect on July 1, 1962."
- 2012 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, August 9, 2012. Accessed November 12, 2012.
- Office of the Mayor, City of Bayonne. Accessed June 3, 2011.
- Bayonne Municipal Council, City of Bayonne. Accessed February 15, 2012.
- Mayors of Bayonne, Bayonne Historical Society. Accessed November 27, 2011.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 54, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 54, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- New Jersey Congressional Districts 2012-2021: Bayonne Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Freeholder District 1, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Bichao, Sergio (June 3, 2008). "Hudson County results". nj.com. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Freeholder Biographies, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Thomas A. Degise, Hudson County Executive, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2011.
- Voter Registration Summary - Hudson, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2009 Governor: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- Hack, Charles (August 12. 2011), "Bayonne MUA says windmill will start generating electricity next year", The Jersey Journal: 27
- "Uncle Sam paying most of Bayonne's windmill tab". The Jersey Journal/NJ.com. June 18, 2009
- "Wind turbine to save Bayonne big bucks in long run". The Jersey Journal/NJ.com. August 23, 2010
- Sullivan, Al (Dec 21, 2011). "All geared up: Windmill construction would power MUA". The Hudson Reporter.
- Hack, Charles (May 8, 2011). "Work on Bayonne windmill to resume shortly". The Jersey Journal/NJ.com.
- Kowash, Kate (January 19, 2012), "Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority’s towering wind-turbine project takes form as crane lifts center piece into place", The Jersey Journal, retrieved 2012-02-10
- Kowash, Kate (January 19, 2012), "Bayonne completes construction of wind-turbine project", The Jersey Journal, retrieved 2012-01-09
- "LEITWIND goes to America: The first wind turbine for the USA to be delivered by year’s end". Leitwind. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Hack, Charles (July 23, 2012). "United Water to take over operations of Bayonne's water, sewer systems in $150 million deal". NJ.com
- Fire Department, City of Bayonne. Accessed March 5, 2012.
- Engine Company 2, City of Bayonne Fire Department. Accessed March 5, 2012.
- Engine Company 3, City of Bayonne Fire Department. Accessed March 5, 2012.
- Engine Company 4, City of Bayonne Fire Department. Accessed March 5, 2012.
- Squad Company 5, City of Bayonne Fire Department. Accessed March 5, 2012.
- Engine Company 6, City of Bayonne Fire Department. Accessed March 5, 2012.
- Data for Bayonne Board of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 15, 2012.
- Henry E. Harris No. 1, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Phillip G. Vroom No. 2, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Dr. Walter F. Robinson No. 3, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Mary J. Donohoe No. 4, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Lincoln No. 5, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Horace Mann No. 6, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Midtown Community School No. 8, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- George Washington School No. 9, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Woodrow Wilson No. 10, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- John M. Bailey No. 12, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Nicholas Oresko School #14, Bayonne Board of Education, accessed April 12, 2011.
- Richard L. Korpi Ice Rink, City of Bayonne. Accessed December 2, 2006.
- Schools Recognized 1982-1983 Through 1999-2002, p. 53. National Blue Ribbon Schools Program. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Schools Recognized 2003 Through 2011, p. 33. National Blue Ribbon Schools Program. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Star School Award recipient 2004–05, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 18, 2006. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Star School Award recipient 1995–96, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 10, 2006. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Star School Award recipient 1996–97, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 10, 2006. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- Star School Award recipient 1998–99, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 10, 2006. Accessed November 11, 2012.
- A Letter to Parents and Members of the Community, dated July 24, 2006.
- Dress Code, Bayonne Board of Education. Accessed July 31, 2006.
- School uniform policy to raise protest: Angry parents expect to confront School Board at next meeting, Bayonne Community News, July 19, 2006.
- Hudson County Elementary Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Hudson County High Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- "Yeshiva Gedola of Bayonne". rabbihorowitz.com. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Library History". Free Public Library & Cultural Center of Bayonne. Bayonne Public Library.
- Jones, Theodore (1997). Carnegie Libraries Across America. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-14422-3.
- Charles Hack. "Bayonne museum eyes opening". NJ.com. October 22, 2009
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Retrieved 2010-02-25.
- Bus Schedules, City of Bayonne. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- Hudson County Bus/rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- Gargiulo, Joseph. "New Bus Ferries Staten Islanders", NYCity News Service, November 16, 2007. Accessed July 6, 2011. "The S89, the first interstate bus route run by New York City Transit, connects Eltingville, Staten Island, with the 34th Street Hudson-Bergen Light Rail station in Bayonne. It was created to improve Staten Island transportation and provide access to jobs in Jersey City and Hoboken."
- Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009. Accessed July 6, 2011.
- Sullivan, Al. "Good news for Bayonne commercial development". The Hudson Reporter. May 10, 2010
- Cape Liberty Cruise Port
- "The Memorial at Harbor View Park". Archived from the original on 19 April 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2009.
- About Us, Henry Repeating Arms. Accessed December 6, 2011. "Today, the Henry Repeating Arms Company, a descendant of the venerable gunmaker, makes its home in Bayonne, New Jersey."
- McGeehan, Patrick. "Soft Real Estate Market Is a Key Ingredient at Brooklyn Brewery", The New York Times, November 1, 2009. Accessed December 6, 2011. "Still, other small manufacturers, like Henry Repeating Arms, have been leaving the city in search of less expensive places to operate.... They no longer are. Mr. Imperato, who lives in Bay Ridge, moved his company to Bayonne, N.J., last year after searching for a few years for adequate space to buy at a “reasonable” price, he said. With some financial help from the State of New Jersey, the company bought a building on three acres in Bayonne for one-third of what it would have cost in Brooklyn, he said."
- Kaulessar, Ricardo. "The other waterfront walkway: 18-mile Hackensack RiverWalk in Hudson County still underdeveloped", The Hudson Reporter, May 16, 2006. Accessed December 6, 2011. "While the Bayonne and Secaucus portions of the Hackensack RiverWalk have been developed substantially, the Jersey City portion that would make up the majority of the 18-mile walk is far from reality. Anyone who develops along this stretch of the Hackensack River is required to add to the public RiverWalk, a planned linkage of waterfront parks along the Hackensack.... The RiverWalk section in Bayonne, if fully completed, would run from the southwest corner of the town in an area where the Kill Van Kull meets the Newark Bay, to the northwestern point of the area.... Ryan pointed out last week that another piece of the RiverWalk will be unveiled when the North 40 Park, or Richard A. Rutkowski Park, is scheduled to open this week."
- Coastal Management Program, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Accessed December 6, 2011. "When complete, this Walkway will be an urban waterfront corridor connecting the George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee with the Bayonne Bridge in Bayonne. As the crow flies it will extend about 18.4 miles, but the total length will exceed 40 miles."
- Shooters Island, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed December 6, 2011. "Because of its importance as a habitat and breeding ground for birds, Shooter’s Island was assigned to Parks on March 3, 1994 as a bird sanctuary. Nine of the island’s 43 acres belong to New Jersey (Bayonne owns 7.5 acres, Elizabeth owns 1.5 acres). New York State paid New Jersey $30,000 for the right to manage the whole of the island in perpetuity."
- El Especial's official website
- "Bayonne Town Center to host 3rd Annual Art Show" The Union City Reporter; September 19, 2010; Page 5
- Roberts, Steven V. "ESSAY; Bayonne, Pop-Culture Titan (Sort Of)" The New York Times June 12, 2005
- Sullivan, Al. "Bayonne High School is film set Bruce Willis will play principal in new movieRead more: Hudson Reporter - Bayonne High School is film set Bruce Willis will play principal in new movie", Hudson Reporter, October 5, 2007. Accessed March 30, 2012. "When Demi Moore came to Bayonne in 1991 to make her film Mortal Thoughts, not many people may know that she brought her actor/husband, Bruce Willis, with her. Willis, who returned to Bayonne last week to film his segments in a new film, entitled The Assassination of a High School Principal or The Sophomore, was a big hit during his first visit, prompting one teacher - who was on the 1991 set at Horace Mann School - who hoped to catch a glimpse of him at the high school."
- "Building For a Future", The Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor, Bayonne Local Redevelopment Authority, Accessed November 11, 2010.
- Griffin, Molly. "Rourke, Springsteen win Golden Globes for film shot in Bayonne", NJ.com, January 12, 2009
- Sullivan, Al. "'Mr. Bayonne' returns", NJ.com, May 26, 2010
- Clark, Amy Sara. "Bayonne extensively mocked on 'The Daily Show'", NJ.com, November 17, 2010
- "Bayonne mayor and others fail to see humor in 'Daily Show' skit mocking their city", NJ.com, November 19, 2010
- Tahaney, Ed. "'Piranha' devours 'Ernie' comic", Daily News (New York), September 2, 1998. Accessed November 20, 2012. ""Ernie," the award-winning comic strip that has appeared in the Daily News since 1987, has decided to join the club 'The Piranha Club'.... The strip, set in Bayonne, N.J., is about an innocent guy whose world is filled with conniving thieves, crooks and swindlers, including his Uncle Sid, the ringleader of the anti-social Piranha Club."
- "BEN BERNIE DIES; BAND LEADER, 52; ' Old Maestro,' Star of Radio, Stage and Screen, Rose From Poverty on the East Side", The New York Times, October 21, 1943.
- Thorbourne, Ken. "Bayonne actress Tammy Blanchard set to light up small screen", NJ.com, March 25, 2010,
- Kurland, Bob. "PITCHING IN MAJORS FULFILLS BOROWSKI'S OTHER DREAM", The Record (Bergen County), August 27, 1995. Accessed July 15, 2007. "The 24-year-old native of Bayonne even has had a taste of pitching for the Baltimore Orioles."
- Kenny Britt profile at NFL.com
- Kenny Britt profile at ESPN.com
- Sullivan, Al. "Bringing it back home" The Union City Reporter; March 29, 2010; Pages 5 and 20
- Kehr, dave. "Sandra Dee, 'Gidget' Star and Teenage Idol, Dies at 62", The New York Times, February 20, 2005. Accessed November 11, 2012. "Born Alexandra Zuck on April 23, 1942, in Bayonne, N.J., she began modeling in New York at an early age."
- Rich Dimler profile, Pro-Football-Reference.com
- Oreskes, Michael. "Washington at Work; Barney Frank's Public and Private Lives: Lonely Struggle for Coexistence", The New York Times, September 15, 1989. Accessed August 14, 2012. "Mr. Frank points up at the poster as he explains what was wrong with his life back then – how he tried to divide his public from his private life, how he could not handle the strain of this and, finally, how he made a personal blunder that threatens now to wreck a political career more successful than he ever imagined possible as a boy growing up in Bayonne, N.J."
- Rick Gomez, ABC Studios Cupid (2009 TV series). Accessed June 3, 2011. "HOMETOWN Bayonne, NJ"
- Review of The Worlds of Herman Kahn: The Intuitive Science of Thermonuclear War, accessed December 2, 2006.
- Staff. "Thinker of the Unthinkable", Time (magazine), July 18, 1983. Accessed November 11, 2012. "Kahn was born in Bayonne, NJ, graduated from UCLA in 1945 and three years later joined the Rand Corp., the California think tank that helps the Pentagon develop defense strategies."
- Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Brian Keith, Hardy Actor, 75; Played Dads and Desperadoes", The New York Times, June 25, 1997. Accessed August 14, 2012. "Mr. Keith, whose full name was Robert Brian Keith Jr., was born in Bayonne, N.J."
- Marks, Peter. "THEATER; Frank Langella Stamps 'The Father' as His Own", The New York Times, February 11, 1996. Accessed August 14, 2012. "A Bayonne, N.J., native, he is perhaps best known for his performance in the Broadway and movie versions of "Dracula.""
- Jammal Lord, database Football. Accessed December 26, 2007.
- George R. R. Martin: Life & Times: Bayonne, accessed December 25, 2006.
- Staff. "Samuel I. Newhouse, Publisher, Dies at 84; Samuel I. Newhouse, Builder of an Empire in Newspapers and Broadcasting, Is Dead at 84 Relatives on the Payroll Some Takeover Bids Resisted Newhouse Beneficiaries Payment on a Bad Debt Newhouse Publications and Broadcast Stations", The New York Times, August 30, 1979. Accessed March 20, 2012. "Born May 24, 1895, to Meyer and Rose Fatt Newhouse, immigrants from Russia and Austria, respectively, he was reared in Bayonne, N.J."
- Robb, Adam (February 26, 2011). "Stand-up comic Jim Norton, a Bayonne native, set to return to New Jersey for show at the Wellmont in Montclair". NJ.com.
- Gene Olaff, National Soccer Hall of Fame. Accessed November 26, 2007.
- Peter George Olenchuk Arlington National Cemetery; Accessed August 21, 2010
- Santos, Fernanda. "SHAQ'S N.J. HOMECOMING Laker star's Newark roots" Daily News (New York); June 9, 2002
- Medal of Honor Recipients: World War II (M-S), United States Army. Accessed June 3, 2011.
- Bob Wechsler (2008). Day by day in Jewish sports history. KTAV Publishing House, Inc. ISBN 1-60280-013-8. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
- William B. Helmreich (1999). The enduring community: the Jews of Newark and MetroWest. ISBN 1-56000-392-8. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
- Rubin, Roger. "Villanova trio of NYC area products Corey Fisher, Corey Stokes, Antonio Pena lead 'Cats past UCLA", Daily News (New York), November 25, 2010. Accessed December 27, 2010. "So it was again for No. 7 Villanova's tri-captains – Corey Fisher (Bronx), Corey Stokes (Bayonne) and Antonio Peña (Brooklyn) – when they met UCLA in a Preseason NIT semifinal."
- "Tales from the dark side – Offbeat, off-B'way player turns..., The Star-Ledger, April 17, 2005. "Urbaniak was born In Bayonne But moved to Marlboro Township When he was 7."
- Miller, Jonathan. "THE WEEK; Bayonne Bleeder vs. 'Rocky': The Final Round", The New York Times, August 13, 2006. Accessed August 14, 2012. "So nearly three years ago, Mr. Wepner, who was known in the ring as the Bayonne Bleeder, sued Mr. Stallone for $15 million. This month, Mr. Wepner, 67, who still lives in Bayonne and is a wholesale liquor salesman, settled with Mr. Stallone for an undisclosed amount."
- "A Wylde time", The Kansas City Star, November 9, 2006. "...the thing about Wylde, A 40-year-old, Bayonne, NJ-born father of three..."
- Official City of Bayonne Website
- Bayonne Board of Education
- Bayonne Board of Education's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- National Center for Education Statistics data for the Bayonne Board of Education