Bayonne, New Jersey

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Bayonne, New Jersey
City
City of Bayonne
The Bayonne Bridge in June 2008
The Bayonne Bridge in June 2008
Flag of Bayonne, New Jersey
Flag
Official seal of Bayonne, New Jersey
Seal
Map showing Bayonne in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey.
Map showing Bayonne in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bayonne, New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bayonne, New Jersey.
Coordinates: 40°39′45″N 74°06′37″W / 40.662411°N 74.110228°W / 40.662411; -74.110228Coordinates: 40°39′45″N 74°06′37″W / 40.662411°N 74.110228°W / 40.662411; -74.110228[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Hudson
Incorporated April 1, 1861 (as township)
Incorporated March 10, 1869 (as city)
Government[4]
 • Type Faulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • Mayor James M. "Jimmy" Davis
 • Administrator Joseph DeMarco [3]
 • Clerk Robert F. Sloan
Area[2]
 • Total 11.082 sq mi (28.702 km2)
 • Land 5.804 sq mi (15.033 km2)
 • Water 5.278 sq mi (13.669 km2)  47.62%
Area rank 200th of 566 in state
2nd of 12 in county[2]
Elevation[5] 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010 Census)[6][7][8]
 • Total 63,024
 • Estimate (2013[9]) 65,028
 • Rank 21st of 566 in state
3rd of 12 in county[10]
 • Density 10,858.3/sq mi (4,192.4/km2)
 • Density rank 28th of 566 in state
10th of 12 in county[10]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07002[11][12]
Area code(s) 201[13]
FIPS code 3401703580[14][2][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0885151[16][2]
Website www.bayonnenj.org

Bayonne (pronounced bay-OWN)[17] is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. Located in the Gateway Region, Bayonne is situated on a peninsula located between Newark Bay to the west, the Kill Van Kull to the south, and New York Bay to the east. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 63,024,[6][7][8] reflecting an increase of 1,182 (+1.9%) from the 61,842 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 398 (+0.6%) from the 61,444 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Bayonne was originally formed as a township on April 1, 1861, from portions of Bergen Township. Bayonne was reincorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1869,[19] replacing Bayonne Township, subject to the results of a referendum held nine days later.[20] At the time it was formed, Bayonne included the communities of Bergen Point, Constable Hook, Centreville, Pamrapo and Saltersville.[21]

The city lies at the heart of the Port of New York and New Jersey, east of Newark, the state's largest city, and west of Brooklyn. It shares a land border with Jersey City to the north and is connected to Staten Island by the Bayonne Bridge. While somewhat diminished, traditional manufacturing, distribution, and maritime activities remain a driving force of the economy of the city.

History[edit]

Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the region presently known as Bayonne was claimed by the Netherlands after Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River which is aptly named after him. According to Royden Page Whitcomb's 1904 book, First history of Bayonne, New Jersey, the name Bayonne is speculated to have originated with Bayonne, France, from which Huguenots settled for a year before the founding of New Amsterdam. However, there is no empirical evidence for this notion, which is considered apocryphal. Whitcomb gives more credence to the idea that Erastus Randall, E.C. Bramhall and B.F. Woolsey, who bought the land owned by Jasper and William Cadmus for real estate speculation, named it Bayonne for purposes of real estate speculation, because it was located on the shores of two bays, Newark and New York.[22]

The city experienced strikes that led to significant civil unrest during the Bayonne refinery strikes of 1915–1916, in which mostly Polish American workers staged labor actions against Standard Oil of New Jersey and Tidewater Petroleum, seeking improved pay and working conditions.[23] Four striking workers were killed when strikebreakers protected by police fired into a crowd.[24]

Geography[edit]

Bayonne is located at 40°39′45″N 74°06′37″W / 40.662411°N 74.110228°W / 40.662411; -74.110228 (40.662411,-74.110228). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.082 square miles (28.702 km2), of which, 5.804 square miles (15.033 km2) of it was land and 5.278 square miles (13.669 km2) of it (47.62%) is water.[1][2]

It is located south of Jersey City on a peninsula earlier known as Bergen Neck surrounded by Upper New York Bay to the east, Newark Bay to the west, and Kill Van Kull to the south.

Communities within Bayonne include Bergen Point and Constable Hook.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 3,834
1880 9,372 144.4%
1890 19,033 103.1%
1900 32,722 71.9%
1910 55,545 69.7%
1920 76,754 38.2%
1930 88,979 15.9%
1940 79,198 −11.0%
1950 77,203 −2.5%
1960 74,215 −3.9%
1970 72,743 −2.0%
1980 65,047 −10.6%
1990 61,444 −5.5%
2000 61,842 0.6%
2010 63,024 1.9%
Est. 2013 65,028 [9] 3.2%
Population sources: 1870-1920[26]
1870[27][28] 1880-1890[29]
1890-1910[30] 1870-1930[31]
1930-1990[32] 2000[33][34] 2010[6][7][8]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 63,024 people, 25,237 households, and 16,051 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,858.3 per square mile (4,192.4 /km2). There were 27,799 housing units at an average density of 4,789.4 per square mile (1,849.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.21% (43,618) White, 8.86% (5,584) Black or African American, 0.31% (194) Native American, 7.71% (4,861) Asian, 0.03% (16) Pacific Islander, 10.00% (6,303) from other races, and 3.88% (2,448) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 25.79% (16,251) of the population.[6] Non-Hispanic Whites were 56.8% of the population.

There were 25,237 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.[6]

In the city, 22.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.[6]

The U.S. Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,587 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,278) and the median family income was $66,077 (+/- $5,235). Males had a median income of $51,188 (+/- $1,888) versus $42,097 (+/- $1,820) for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,698 (+/- $1,102). About 9.9% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.[35]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 61,842 people, 25,545 households, and 16,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,992.2 people per square mile (4,241.1/km²). There were 26,826 housing units at an average density of 4,768.2 per square mile (1,839.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 5.50% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.46% from other races, and 4.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.81% of the population.[33][34]

As of the 2000 Census, the most common reported ancestries of Bayonne residents were Italian (20.1%), Irish (18.8%) and Polish (17.9%).[33][34]

There were 25,545 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.[33][34]

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.[33][34]

The median income for a household in the city was $41,566, and the median income for a family was $52,413. Males had a median income of $39,790 versus $33,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,553. About 8.4% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.[33][34]

Government[edit]

City Hall

Local government[edit]

The City of Bayonne has been governed within the Faulkner Act under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government (Plan C), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of July 1, 1962,[36] before which it was governed by a Board of Commissioners under the Walsh Act.[4][37]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Bayonne is Jimmy Davis, who was elected in a runoff election on June 10, 2014 against incumbent Mayor Mark Smith. Members of the Bayonne City Council, as of July 1, 2014, are Juan Perez (At-large), Sharon Nadrowski (At-large), Thomas Cotter (First Ward), Salvatore Gullace (Second Ward) and Gary La Pelusa (Third Ward), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end on June 30, 2018.[38]

Mayors of Bayonne[39]
  • Mayors have been governing the community since Bayonne was established in 1869.[21]
  • The first mayor of Bayonne was Henry Meigs, who served from 1869–1879.
  • The mayor with the longest term in office was Dennis P. Collins, who served from 1974–1990.
  • Pierre P. Garven served two non-consecutive terms from 1906–1910 and 1915–1919
  • Dr. Bert J. Daly served three non-consecutive terms from 1914–1915, 1927–1931 and 1943–1947.
  1. Henry Meigs, Jr. 1869–1879
  2. Stephen K. Lane 1879–1883
  3. David W. Oliver 1883–1887
  4. John Newman 1887–1891
  5. William C. Farr 1891–1895
  6. Egbert Seymour 1895–1904
  7. Thomas Brady 1904–1906
  8. Pierre P. Garven 1906–1910
  9. John J. Cain 1910–1912
  10. Matthew T. Cronin 1912–1914
  11. Bert J. Daly 1914–1915
  12. Pierre P. Garven 1915–1919
  13. W. Homer Axford 1919–1923
  14. Robert J. Talbot 1923–1927
  15. Bert J. Daly 1927–1931
  16. Lucius F. Donohue 1931–1939
  17. James J. Donovan 1939–1943
  18. Bert J. Daly 1943–1947
  19. Charles A. Heiser 1947–1951
  20. Edward F. Clark 1951–1955
  21. G. Thomas DiDomenico 1955–1959
  22. Alfred V. Brady 1959–1962
  23. Francis G. Fitzpatrick 1962–1974
  24. Dennis P. Collins 1974–1990
  25. Richard A. Rutkowski 1990–1994
  26. Leonard P. Kiczek 1994–1998
  27. Joseph V. Doria, Jr. 1998–2007
  28. Terrance Malloy 2007–2008
  29. Mark Smith 2008–2014
  30. James Davis 2014-

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

View of Manhattan from Bayonne, 1974

Bayonne is split between the 8th and 10th Congressional Districts[40] and is part of New Jersey's 31st state legislative district.[7][41][42] Prior to the 2010 Census, Bayonne had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[43] The split placed 33,218 residents living in the city's south and west in the 8th District, while 29,806 residents in the northeastern portion of the city were placed in the 10th District.[40][44]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York).[45] New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[46] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[47][48] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[49][50]

The 31st District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Sandra Bolden Cunningham (D, Jersey City) and in the General Assembly by Charles Mainor (D, Jersey City) and Jason O'Donnell (D, Bayonne).[51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Hudson County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive and by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, which serves as the county's legislative body. The County Executive is Thomas A. DeGise, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[54] As of 2013, Hudson County's nine Freeholders (with district, municipalities in district and place of residence listed in parentheses) are Doreen McAndrew DiDomenico (District 1, Bayonne and parts of Jersey City; Bayonne),[55] William O'Dea (District 2, parts of Jersey City),[56] Jeffrey Dublin (District 3, parts of Jersey City),[57] Eliu Rivera (District 4, parts of Jersey City),[58] Chairperson Anthony Romano (District 5, Hoboken and parts of Jersey City; Hoboken),[59] Tilo Rivas (District 6, Union City),[60] Vice-Chairperson Jose C. Muñoz (District 7, Guttenberg, Weehawken and West New York; West New York),[61] Chairperson Pro-Tempore Thomas Liggio (District 8, North Bergen, parts of Jersey City and Secaucus; North Bergen)[62] and Albert Cifelli (District 9, East Newark, Harrison, Kearny and parts of Secaucus; Kearny).[63][64] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Barbara A. Netchert, Sheriff Frank X. Schillari and Surrogate Donald DeLeo.[65]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 32,747 registered voters in Bayonne, of which 17,087 (52.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,709 (8.3%) were registered as Republicans and 12,928 (39.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.[66]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.0% of the vote here (13,768 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 40.6% (9,796 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (283 votes), among the 24,139 ballots cast by the town's 35,823 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.4%.[67] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 56.0% of the vote here (12,402 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 42.2% (9,341 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (184 votes), among the 22,135 ballots cast by the town's 32,129 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.9.[68]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 53.8% of the vote here (7,421 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 38.7% (5,333 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.8% (662 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (183 votes), among the 13,781 ballots cast by the town's 32,588 registered voters, yielding a 42.3% turnout.[69]

Local services[edit]

Municipal Utilities Authority[edit]

The Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority (BMUA) is the second agency to use wind power in New Jersey and has built the first wind turbine in the metropolitan area.[70][71][72][73][74] Construction of a single turbine tower was completed in January 2012.[75][76] It is the first wind turbine created by Leitwind to be installed in the United States.[77]

In December 2012, the autonomous agency entered into a water management agreement with the Bayonne Water Joint Venture (BWJV), a partnership between United Water and investment firm Kohlberg, Kravis, Roberts.[78] The 40-year concession agreement is a public-private partnership between the city and the BWJV in which the private partners pay off the BMUA's $130 million debt and take over the operations, maintenance, and capital improvement of Bayonne's water and wastewater utilities in exchange for a regulated share of the revenue.[79][80][81] United Water is managing the operations for the partnership, while KKR is providing 90% of the funding.[82] A rate schedule was included in the agreement, and it contained an immediate 8.5% utility rate increase (the first rate increase since 2006),[78] followed by two years without increases, followed by annual increases estimated to range between 2.5% - 4.5%.[80] This partnership was sought for several reasons, including the BMUA's debt, its shortage of skilled employees, and its lagging rate revenue from years without rate increases and reduced demand.[79][83] Part of this reduced demand stemmed from the closure of the Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne,[83] and the fact that the subsequent plans to redevelop the site with housing fell short.[84] The BMUA's $130 million debt that was paid off by the BWJV represented over half of Bayonne's overall debt ($240 million) at the time,[80] and in March 2013, Moody's Investors Service upgraded the credit rating of Bayonne from 'negative' to 'stable', citing the water deal.[82]

Fire department[edit]

Fire Station # 3

The city of Bayonne is protected on a full-time, around-the-clock basis by the 161 professional firefighters of the city of Bayonne Fire Department (BFD), which was founded on September 3, 1906, and operates out of five Fire Stations, located throughout the city. The BFD operates a fire apparatus fleet of four engines, three trucks, one squad, one rescue, three fireboats, a Multi-Service Unit (M.S.U.) and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. Each piece of apparatus is staffed by 4 captains and 12 firefighters. Each platoon works on a 24 hours on, 72 hours off schedule and is commanded by a Battalion Chief. The BFD responds to approximately 17,000 emergency calls annually. The current Chief of Department is Gregory J. Rogers.[85]

Education[edit]

Bayonne Free Public Library and Cultural Center

Public schools[edit]

The Bayonne Board of Education serves students from pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[86]) are the 11 elementary schools — Henry E. Harris No. 1 (grades PreK-8; 650 students),[87] Phillip G. Vroom No. 2 (PreK-8; 376),[88] Dr. Walter F. Robinson No. 3 (PreK-8; 794),[89] Mary J. Donohoe No. 4 (PreK-8; 479),[90] Lincoln Community School No. 5 (PreK-8; 423),[91] Horace Mann No. 6 (PreK-8; 559),[92] Midtown Community School No. 8 (PreK-8; 1,046),[93] George Washington Community School No. 9 (PreK-8; 619),[94] Woodrow Wilson School No. 10 (PreK-8; 648)[95] and John M. Bailey School No. 12 (PreK-8; 663),[96] and Nicholas Oresko School No. 14 (PreK-8; 399),[97] an advanced school for gifted and talented students in academics, the arts, and physical education; and Bayonne High School (9-12; 2,586).[98][99] Bayonne High School is the only public school in the state to have an on-campus ice rink for its hockey team.[100]

During the 1998-99 school year, Midtown Community School No. 8 was recognized with the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education.[101] During the 2008–09 school year, P.S. #14 was recognized as a Blue Ribbon School award, and Washington Community School No. 9 was honored during the 2009–10 school year.[102]

For the 2004–05 school year, Mary J. Donohoe No. 4 School was named a "Star School" by the New Jersey Department of Education, the highest honor that a New Jersey school can achieve.[103] It is the fourth school in Bayonne to receive this honor. The other three are Bayonne High School in 1995–96,[104] Midtown Community School in 1996–97[105] and P.S. #14 in the 1998–99 school year.[106]

Beginning with the 2006–07 school year, the Board of Education implemented a dress code for students in pre-K through eighth grade. Under this code students wear a school logo shirt and a variety of pants, skirts, shorts, and other prescribed items. The plan was intended to "increase student identification with their schools and the district, eliminate many of the distractions associated with differences in social or economic status, allow the children, their teachers and the Board of Education to concentrate on shared pursuit of educational excellence [and] instill a sense of belonging and school pride".[107][108] The decision prompted a battle between the Board and parents upset at the manner in which the policy was imposed, the cost of the uniforms, the loss of freedom of expression to students in choosing the clothing they wear and issues regarding the manner in which the contract was awarded.[109]

Private schools[edit]

Private schools in Bayonne include All Saints Catholic Academy for grades PreK-8 and the co-ed Marist High School for grades 9-12, both of which operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[110][111]

The Yeshiva Gedolah of Bayonne is also located here.[112]

Holy Family Academy for girls in grades 9-12 was closed at the end of the 2012-13 school year in the wake of financial difficulties and declining enrollment, having lost the support of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia in 2008.[113]

Libraries and museums[edit]

The Bayonne Public Library,[114] one of New Jersey's original 36 Carnegie libraries,[115] the Bayonne Community Museum,[116] and the Bayonne Firefighters Museum[117] provide educational events and programs.

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

Bayonne has a total of 76.55 miles (123.20 km) of roadways, of which 65.78 miles (105.86 km)are maintained by the city, 4.82 miles (7.76 km) are overseen by Hudson County, 4.04 miles (6.50 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.91 miles (3.07 km) are the responsibility of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[118]

The Bayonne Bridge connects south to Staten Island over the Kill Van Kull. Kennedy Boulevard is a major thoroughfare along the west side of the city from the bridge north to Jersey City and North Hudson.

The Newark Bay Extension (Interstate 78) of the New Jersey Turnpike northbound travels to Jersey City and, via the Holland Tunnel, Manhattan. Westbound, the Newark Bay Bridge provides access to Newark, Newark Liberty International Airport and the rest of the turnpike (Interstate 95).[119]

Route 440 runs along the east side of Bayonne, and the West Side of Jersey City, partially following the old Morris Canal route.[120] Although it has traffic lights it is usually the quickest route north-south within Bayonne. It connects to the Bayonne Bridge, I-78, and to Route 185 to Liberty State Park.

Bus[edit]

Bus transportation is provided on three main north-south streets of the city: Broadway, Kennedy Boulevard, and Avenue C, both by the state-operated New Jersey Transit and several private bus lines.[121] The Broadway line runs solely inside Bayonne city limits, while bus lines on Avenue C and Kennedy Boulevard run to various end points in Jersey City. The NJ Transit 120 runs between Avenue C in Bayonne and Battery Park in Downtown Manhattan during rush hours in peak direction while the 81 provides service to New Jersey.[122]

There is also bus service to Staten Island on the S89 route operated by MTA New York City Bus, which provides service between the 34th Street light rail station and the Eltingville neighborhood on Staten Island, making it the first interstate service operated by New York City Transit Authority.[123]

Light rail[edit]

The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail has four stops in Bayonne, all originally from the former Central Railroad of New Jersey. They are located at 45th Street, 34th Street, 22nd Street, all just east of Avenue E, and 8th Street (the southern terminal of the 8th Street-Hoboken Line) at Avenue C, which opened in January 2011.[124]

Rail[edit]

For 114 years, the Central Railroad of New Jersey (CNJ) ran frequent service through the city. Trains ran north to the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal in Jersey City. Trains ran west to Elizabethport, Elizabeth, and Cranford for points west and south. The building of the Aldene Connection by-passed CNJ trains around Bayonne so that nearly all trains would either terminate at Newark Pennsylvania Station or at Hoboken Terminal. Until August 6, 1978, a shuttle service between Bayonne and Cranford retained the last leg of service with the CNJ trains.[125]

Commerce[edit]

Portions of Bayonne are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[126]

The Bayonne Town Center, located within the Broadway shopping district, includes retailers, eateries, consumer and small business banking centers. The Bayonne Medical Center is a for-profit hospital that anchors the northern end of the Town Center. It is the city's largest employer, with over 1,200 employees. A 2013 study showed that the hospital charged the highest rates in the United States.[127]

Bayonne Crossing on Route 440 in Bayonne, includes a Lowe's, New York Sports Club, and Wal-Mart.[128]

On the site of the former Military Ocean Terminal, the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor includes new housing and businesses. One of them, Cape Liberty Cruise Port is located at the end of the long peninsula with Royal Caribbean.[129] Also found is a memorial park for the Tear of Grief, commemorating September 11th, 2001 and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.[130]

The firearms manufacturing company Henry Repeating Arms moved from Brooklyn to Bayonne in 2009.[131][132]

Points of interest[edit]

Kill Van Kull meets Newark Bay
Rutkowski Park

National Registered Historic Places and museums[edit]

See List of Registered Historic Places in Hudson County, New Jersey

Media and culture[edit]

Bayonne is located within the New York media market, with most of its daily papers available for sale or delivery. Local, county, and regional news is covered by the daily Jersey Journal. The Bayonne Community News is part of The Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies. Other weeklies, the River View Observer and El Especialito also cover local news.[139] Bayonne-based periodicals include the Bayonne Evening Star-Telegram (B.E.S.T.).

Bayonne's local culture is served by the Annual Outdoor Art Show, which was instituted in 2008, in which local artists display their works.[140]

Jackie Gleason, a former headliner at the Hi-Hat Club in Bayonne, was fascinated by the city and mentioned it often in the television series The Honeymooners.[141]

Films set in Bayonne include the 1991 film Mortal Thoughts, with Demi Moore and Bruce Willis, which was filmed near Horace Mann School and locations around Bayonne and Hoboken;[142] the 2000 drama Men of Honor, starring Robert De Niro and Cuba Gooding Jr.; the 2002 drama Hysterical Blindness; and the 2005 Tom Cruise science fiction film War of the Worlds, which opens at the Bayonne home of the lead character, and depicts the destruction of the Bayonne Bridge by aliens. Films shot in Bayonne include the 2001 film A Beautiful Mind, scenes of which were filmed at the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor,[143] and the 2008 Mickey Rourke drama The Wrestler, which was partially filmed in at the Color & Cuts Salon and the former Dolphin Gym, both of which are on Broadway in Bayonne.[144][145]

The November 16, 2010, episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart parodied former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin's reality television series, Sarah Palin's Alaska, in the form of a trailer for a fictional reality show called Jason Jones' Bayonne, New Jersey, whose portrayal of the city was characterized by prostitution, drugs, crime, pollution and a stereotypical Italian-American population.[146] Bayonne Mayor Mark Smith criticized the sketch, saying, "Jon Stewart's unfortunate and inaccurate depiction of Bayonne represents a lame attempt at humor at the expense of a rock solid, all-American community."[147]

The comic strip Piranha Club (originally "Ernie"), drawn by Bud Grace, is set in and around Bayonne.[148]

The ABC sci-fi comedy television series, The Neighbors, is about a family that moves FROM Bayonne NJ into a fictional gated community, Hidden Hills, that is populated by aliens from another planet posing as humans.[149]

The city has a very ethnically diverse population, home to large populations of Italian Americans, Irish Americans, Polish Americans, Egyptian Americans, Dominican Americans, Mexican Americans, Filipino Americans, Pakistani Americans, Puerto Rican Americans, amongst others.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bayonne include: ((B) denotes that the person was born there.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ Administration Division, City of Bayonne. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  4. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 135.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Bayonne, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Bayonne city, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 9, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Bayonne city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 9, 2012.
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