Bayram Pasha

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Not to be confused with Bayram Pasha, the 16th-century Ottoman Kapudan Pasha.
Damat
Bayram
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
2 February 1637 – 26 August 1638
Monarch Murat IV
Preceded by Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha
Succeeded by Tayyar Mehmed Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
In office
1626–1628
Preceded by Kara Mustafa Pasha
Succeeded by Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha
Personal details
Died 26 August 1638
Urfa, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Religion Sunni Islam

Bayram Pasha (died 26 August 1638) was an Ottoman grand vizier from 1637 to 1638 and the Ottoman governor of Egypt from 1626 to 1628.

Life[edit]

Bayram, whose family was from Ladik, near the Anatolian city of Amasya, was a member of the janissary. Although janissary corps were originally based on the devshirme system, beginning in the reign of Murat III (1574–1595), Turks were also admitted into the corps. In 1622, his title was turnacıbaşı (chief of recruiting teams), and in 1623, the kethüda (chamberlain). In 1625, he was appointed to Egypt (then an Ottoman territory) as the beylerbey (high governor). In 1628, he was promoted to the rank of vizier. In 1635, Bayram Pasha was the kaymakam (a title almost equivalent to modern mayor) of Constantinople. In 1637, during the reign of Murat IV (1623–1640), he was promoted to the rank of grand vizier, the highest office in the empire next to that of the sultan. Bayram Pasha participated in the Baghdad campaign led by the sultan. He died (of natural causes) near Urfa.[1]

As a groom[edit]

Bayram was also a damat (groom) of the palace. In Ottoman tradition, the daughters and sisters of the sultans usually married viziers. But Bayram's case was an exception, because Bayram was married to Hanzade, the sister of the reigning sultan Osman II (1618–1622) while he was still a turnacıbaşı. The reason for this exceptional marriage was probably Bayram's fame as a very handsome man. Osman II reserved a palace for the newly-wed couple.

As a governor and a vizier[edit]

Bayram Pasha was reputed both in Egypt and in Anatolia for his efforts in construction of public works. He repaired the Constantinople city walls and commissioned a mosque and a külliye (religious complex) in Constantinople. Today, the district of Bayrampaşa in Fatih bears his name. He commissioned an irrigation facility and a caravansarai in Amasya. Bayram Pasha is also known as the commissioner of various inns in Anatolian towns.

As grand vizier, Bayram Pasha executed two princes by the order of the sultan. He is also known as the name behind the execution of the famous poet Nef'i for writing satirical poems. Nef'i had earlier promised not to compose any more satire, but when he broke this promise, he was executed at the request of Bayram Pasha.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kara Mustafa Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1626–1628
Succeeded by
Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha
Preceded by
Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
2 February 1637 – 26 August 1638
Succeeded by
Tayyar Mehmed Pasha