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Scene from the copy of the Shahnameh commissioned by Baysonqor, 1430

Gīāṭ al-dīn Bāysonḡor, commonly known as Baysonqor or Baysunghur or (incorrectly[1]) as Baysunqar, also called Sultan Bāyson­ḡor Bahādor Khan (1397, Herat - 1433, the Bāḡ-e Safīd palace near Herat) was a prince from the house of Timurids. He was known as a patron of arts and architecture, as well as a prominent calligrapher.[2]

Bāyson­ḡor was a son of Mirza Shahrukh, the ruler of Persia and Transoxania, and Shakhrukh's most prominent wife Goharshad.[2]

In the view of modern historians, Bāyson­ḡor was actually a better statesman than his more famous elder brother, Ulugh Beg, who inherited Shhrukh's throne,[2] but who "must have envied his younger brother, Baisunghur, whom his father never saddled with major responsibilities, which left him free to build his elegant madrasas in Herat, gather his ancient books, assemble his artists, and drink".[3]