Dakbayan sa Bayugan
|Lungsod ng Bayugan|
|Nickname(s): The City of Rice Corn and Flowers, Cut Flower Capital of Agusan del Sur, Agusan del Sur Growth Center, Timberland City, Rice Capital of Agusan del Sur|
|Agusan del Sur showing the location of Bayugan|
|Region||Caraga (Region XIII)|
|Province||Agusan del Sur|
|District||1st District of Agusan del Sur|
|Founded||August 20, 1961|
|• Mayor||Kim Lope Asis|
|• Total||505.00 km2 (194.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|Income class||3rd class|
Bayugan is a city in the province of Agusan del Sur, Philippines. It has a population of 99,361 according to the NSO Census of 2010. The City is classified as a third class city according to The Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act No. 7160). Being the only city in the 1st Congressional Disctrict and the only city in the province of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan serves as "The Growth Center" of the province.
Located at the northern part of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan is the "cut-flower capital" of the province owing to its lucrative cut flower industry. The city's climate, especially in the highland baranggays, is conducive to high yield cut-flower production. The city is also one of the major producers of rice and vegetables in the province, even providing the needs of neighboring municipalities and provinces.
- 1 History
- 2 Education
- 3 Infrastructure
- 4 Places of interest
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Geography
- 7 Indigenous people
- 8 Cityhood
- 9 Sister city
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Bayugan was formerly a sitio of Barangay Maygatasan, Esperanza. Several versions abound on how the sitio got its name. First, the place was located along the river which served as the pathway of the natives in going to Esperanza. "Bayugan" is a Manobo term for pathway, since then the natives called the place, Bayugan. Another version states that "bayug" trees grew abundantly in this place. It was also believed that the natives used to make this place their meeting spot and that the means of gathering the inhabitants was by knocking on a hollow piece of wood which they termed as the "bayug."
In 1942, Japanese troops entered Bayugan.
In 1945, the town of Baguyan in Southern Agusan was liberated by Filipino soldiers and guerrillas from the Japanese forces occupying the town.
In 1948, the Department of Public Works and Highways conducted a survey for a national highway that would connect Butuan with Davao City. Simultaneously, the Bureau of Lands surveyed the places that would be traversed by the proposed road. Possible town sites were identified and among them was Barangay Maygatasan. However, the National highway passed through the sitio of Bayugan instead of Barangay Maygatasan. Migrants started settling in the sitio of Bayugan, thus, prompting the transfer of the proposed town site.
In the early part of 1960, the inhabitants led by Mr. Jose Joson passed a resolution creating the sitio of Bayugan into a regular barrio. In April of that year, Barangay Bayugan was inaugurated with Joson as the Teniente del Barrio. Brought about by the construction of the National Highway which traversed the place, business activity sprouted rapidly in the area.
A year later, barangay officials led by the late Sergio Mullaneda worked out the creation of Bayugan into a regular municipality through the assistance of Governor Democrito O. Plaza, Governor of Agusan. By virtue of Executive Order No. 440 of the late President Carlos P. Garcia, the petition to create the municipality of Bayugan was granted on August 6, 1961. Mr. Mullaneda, the first appointed Municipal Mayor of Bayugan assumed into office on August 6, 1962 during the term of President Diosdado Macapagal. In the year 2007 Bayugan was converted to a city.
Bayugan National Comprehensive High School, or BNCHS, is a comprehensive high school with a population of exactly 5,365 students, and is located on a site that has an area of 5 hectares. The school is currently recognized for its research program in science related topics. "Comprehensive" it is because it offers different curricula such as ESEP (Engineering and Science Education Program) on its 1st Year, Project BEST (Breeding Excellence in Science and Technology), Special Program in Journalism (pilot school for journalism in CARAGA Region), Special Program in the Arts (with the specialization of Visual Arts, Creative Writing, Dancing, Music, Media Arts and Theater Arts), Technical Vocational Courses, Special Program in Sports and Revised Basic Education Curriculum. The school is currently headed by the Secondary School Principal IV, Dr. Wilson C. Calvo. Facebook, Website
Agusan del Sur College,(ADSCO) established in 1966, is the only private educational institution in the city offering Preparatory, Elementary, High School, College(CHED) degree courses i.e. Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA) major in : Marketing Management, Financial Management, Operation Management), Bachelor of Secondary Education, Bachelor of Elementary Education, Bachelor of Arts major in English, Associate in Computer Secretarial, Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Mamagement (by year 2011) and TESDA programs like Health Care Services NC II, Computer Hardware Servicing NC II, Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) NC II, Driving NC II, Security Services NC II, Massage Therapy NC II, Housekeeping, Commercial Cooking NC II, Bookkeeping NC II.
Father Urios Technical Institute of Bayugan Inc., formerly Father Urios High School-Bayugan, or FUHS, is the oldest private educational institution in the city. Located at the heart of the city making it one of the most populous school in Bayugan. Created in the year 1959, Urios caters elementary and secondary basic education. By school year 2010–2011, Urios will be putting up its technical courses.
List of schools
Listed below are few of the top performing schools in the city.
- Bayugan National Comprehensive High School(BNCHS)
- Father Saturnino Urios College of Bayugan Inc.
- Noli National High School
- Salvacion National High School
- Marcelina National High School
- San Juan National High School
- Calaitan National High School
- Berseba National High School
- Magkiangkang National High School
- Mt. Olive National High School
- Mt. Carmel National High School
- Bayugan Central Elementary School(BCES) – A child-friendly school and the 2nd of the Top outstanding school in the province
- Agusan del Sur Pilot Laboratory School (ADSPILS) – The only Pilot Lab School in the province and is a top performing elementary school in the province.
- Bayugan West Central Elementary School
- East Bayugan Central Elementary School (EBCES) – The Model of Excellence (MOE) school in Bayugan City.
- Bayugan Adventist Academy
- Doane Faith Chritian Academy
- St. Anne Progressive School
- Prophet Elisha Christian Academy
- Little Steps Learning Center
- MCLYRE Enrichment Corner
- Land Bank of the Philippines
- Allied Bank
- One Network Bank
- Enterprise Bank
- First Consolidated Bank
- Rural Bank of Montevista
- Green Bank
- Peoples Bank of CARAGA
- Cantilan Bank
- Coop Bank
- EastWest Bank
- Metrobank (Soon to Open)
- BDO (Prosposed)
- China Bank (Proposed)
Shopping, Commercial centers and Establishments
- Gaisano Grand Mall of Bayugan (proposed)
- Central Warehouse Club Inc.
- Victory Commercial Center
- PS Mones Centre
- Bayugan Flairmart
- Novo Jeans and Shirts
- Bayugan William Marketing
- Santiago Supermart
- 789 Shopping Center
- Kimhim Department Store
- Home Emperor Trading
- SV Commercial Center
- Patio Grande Garden Hotel
- Curbada lodge
- Villa Amor Hotel
- Lolita's Loft
- Family Place Inn
- Parba Lodge
- Sunny View Hotel
- Alex Lodging House
- Bayugan Lodge
- Frontier Lodging Inn
Hospitals, government departments and utilities
- Bayugan Community Hospital
- New Bayugan Medical Hospital (formerly Bayugan Doctors Hospital)
- Bayugan JMYAP Santo Nino Hospital
- City Fire Department
- Bayugan Water District
- Agusan del Sur Electric Cooperative
- Community Environment and Natural Resources Office
- Bureau of Internal Revenue
Places of interest
Tourist Information Center: Mayor's Office – City Hall (tel: 343-6004 & 231-2002)
- Bayugan Rotunda – Bayugan's most prominent landmark simply the widest circular park in Mindanao
- Rizal Park Plaza – largest park in the province
- Narra Avenue – the widest road in the province. The Avenue serves as the main road of the city and is a six lane road. At night, Narra Avenue is the brightest and most lit road in the province.
- Bayug(Hamogaway) Falls – located at Brgy Hamogaway, the falls is now known to be a tourist attraction in the city.
- Pinagalaan Falls – the biggest and tallest falls in the city. One of the most beautiful place in the province
- Gethsemane Falls
- Wawa river and irrigation system
- Wawa bridge -largest steel bridge in the province. The bridge serves as the road boundary of Bayugan city and Sibagat, Agusan del Sur.
- Family Place resort
- Mangrove Base Park
- Bayugan city Hall (u/c)
- ARC Bayugan
- Graceland Cold Spring
- Magkiangkang Cave – a spectacular cave located at the mountainous barangay of Magkiankang.
- New Loon Cave
- San Agustin Lake
- Putting Bato Cave
- Katipunan Lake
- Vising/Sisimon Cave
- Sacred of Jesus Parish Church
- San Lorenzo Ruiz Diocesan Shrine
Local festivals, and events
- Kahimunan Festival, Holy Child – a local version of the Sinulog Festival of Cebu, it is highlighted by street dancing focusing on the indigenous tribes' of Bayugan and their way of life. Celebrated every Last Sunday of January.
- Sacred Heart of Jesus Festival – popularly known as the town fiesta or "pista", celebrated every 30 June.
- Rice Corn and Flower Festival – a new born festival replacing the traditional "Araw ng Bayugan". The festival is named from the nickname of the city (City of Rice, Corn, and Flowers). It highlights street dancing and float contests.
- Charter Day Celebration- held every 21 June to commemorate the city-hood of Bayugan.
Bayugan can be reached via land transport. Bachelor Express, Land Car Inc., are only few bus companies travelling to and from the city. Major transportation are motorela and some multicabs which travel to remote barangays. "Habal-habal" is also used as a transport to the mountain barangays of Bayugan.
Air and sea
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The city is geographically situated below the typhoon belt but is usually affected by depressions forming in the typhoon regions of Visayas and the province of Surigao del Norte. The climate map of the Philippines based on the modified coronas classification shows that the city falls under Type II. Which also is the weather classification of the province of Agusan del Sur.
Type II climate has no dry season with very pronounced wet season of heavy precipitation. Maximum rainfall generally occurs from December to January although there is no single dry month. Its average monthly rainfall is 355 mm. and average temperature is 27.15 degree Celsius. Areas characterized by this climate type are generally along or very near the eastern coast thus are open to the northeast monsoon.
- Municipality of Sibagat &
Municipality of Esperanza
Municipality of Prosperidad
||Sibagat, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Sur|
|Las Nieves, Agusan del Norte||Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur|
|Esperanza, Agusan del Sur|
Bayugan is politically subdivided into 43 barangays.
- Claro Cortez
- Grace Estate
- Mt. Ararat
- Mt. Carmel
- Mt. Olive
- New Salem
- San Agustin
- San Isidro
- San Juan
- Santa Irene
- Santa Teresita
- Santo Niño
- Villa Ondayon
- Wawa (Del Carmen)
- Rice / palay (the major rice production site of Agusan del Sur)
- Cut Flowers (abundant in the city making it the cut flower capital of Agusan del Sur)
- Root Crops
Fertile soil suitable for agricultural, Protection Forest About 26,107.163 Hectares = 51.697% in land classifications. Gold, silver, sand and gravel.
- Kamayo / Mandaya
Recently Bayugan lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9405) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood. More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Bayugan is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators." As such, the cityhood status of Bayugan is effectively restored.
Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities again.
On February 17, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of Bayugan and 15 other towns in the Philippines.
July 3, 2011, the supreme court has ordered its Clerk of Court to issue an entry of judgment on the cityhood case of 16 municipalities, sealing with finality the constitutionality of 16 Cityhood Laws. “The finality of the resolutions upholding the constitutionality of the 16 Cityhood Laws now absolutely warrants the granting of respondents’ Motion for Entry of Judgment,” the SC ruled. 
- Butuan City
- Bayugan City
- Cabadbaran City
- Surigao City
- Bislig City
- Tandag City
- Agusan del Norte
- Agusan del Sur
- Surigao del Norte
- Surigao del Sur
- Dinagat Island
- Weatherbase: Historical Weather Data for Bayugan, Philippines
- SC reverses self, upholds creation of 16 cities
- SC Reinstates 2008 Decision Voiding 16 Cityhood Laws
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- A History of Bayugan at the Agusan–Surigao Historical Archive
- Municipality of Bayugan Official Website