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Component City
Bayugan City Center
Bayugan City Center
Official seal of Bayugan
Nickname(s): City of Rice Corn and Flowers; Cut Flower Capital of Agusan del Sur; Agusan del Sur Growth Center; Timberland City; Rice Capital of Agusan del Sur
Map of Agusan del Sur with Bayugan highlighted
Map of Agusan del Sur with Bayugan highlighted
Bayugan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 08°43′N 125°45′E / 8.717°N 125.750°E / 8.717; 125.750Coordinates: 08°43′N 125°45′E / 8.717°N 125.750°E / 8.717; 125.750
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Province Agusan del Sur
District 1st District of Agusan del Sur
Founded August 20, 1961
Barangays 43
 • Mayor Kim Lope Asis (NUP)
 • Vice Mayor Charles Anggayong (NUP)
 • Total 688.77 km2 (265.94 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 99,361
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Demonym Bayuganon
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8502
Dialing code 85
Income class 5th class

Bayugan is a city in the province of Agusan del Sur, Philippines. It has a population of 99,361 according to the census of 2010.[3] The city is classified as a fifth class city according to Philippine Statistics Authority (Republic Act No. 7160). Being the only city in the 1st Congressional District and the only city in the province of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan serves as the growth center of the province.[citation needed]

Located at the northern part of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan is the "cut-flower capital" of the province owing to its lucrative cut flower industry. The city's climate, especially in the highland barangays, is conducive to high yield cut-flower production. The city is also one of the major producers of rice and vegetables in the province, even providing the needs of neighboring municipalities and provinces.[citation needed]


The name "Bayugan" is a Manobo term for pathway, since then the natives called the place, Bayugan. Another version states that "bayug" trees grew abundantly in this place. It was also believed that the natives used to make this place their meeting spot and that the means of gathering the inhabitants was by knocking on a hollow piece of wood which they termed as the "bayug."


Bayugan was formerly a sitio of Barangay Maygatasan, Esperanza. Several versions abound on how the sitio got its name. First, the place was located along the river which served as the pathway of the natives in going to Esperanza.

In 1942, Japanese troops entered Bayugan.

In 1945, the town of Bayugan in Southern Agusan was liberated by Filipino soldiers and guerrillas from the Japanese forces occupying the town.

In 1948, the Department of Public Works and Highways conducted a survey for a national highway that would connect Butuan with Davao City. Simultaneously, the Bureau of Lands surveyed the places that would be traversed by the proposed road. Possible town sites were identified and among them was Barangay Maygatasan. However, the National highway passed through the sitio of Bayugan instead of Barangay Maygatasan. Migrants started settling in the sitio of Bayugan, thus, prompting the transfer of the proposed town site.

In the early part of 1960, the inhabitants led by Mr. Jose Joson passed a resolution creating the sitio of Bayugan into a regular barrio. In April of that year, Barangay Bayugan was inaugurated with Joson as the Teniente del Barrio. Brought about by the construction of the National Highway which traversed the place, business activity sprouted rapidly in the area.

A year later, barangay officials led by the late Sergio Mullaneda worked out the creation of Bayugan into a regular municipality through the assistance of Governor Democrito O. Plaza, Governor of Agusan. By virtue of Executive Order No. 440 of the late President Carlos P. Garcia, the petition to create the municipality of Bayugan was granted on August 6, 1961. Mr. Mullaneda, the first appointed Municipal Mayor of Bayugan assumed into office on August 6, 1962 during the term of President Diosdado Macapagal. In the year 2007 Bayugan was converted to a city.

Bayugan is a transportation highway nexus for the eastern part of Mindanao Island. Bayugan is now one if not the fastest growing component city in Northern Mindanao.


Barangay Poblacion is the city proper of Bayugan.

In 2008, Bayugan lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9405) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood. More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Bayugan is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[4] As such, the cityhood status of Bayugan is effectively restored.

But on August 24, 2010, in a 16-page resolution, the Supreme Court reinstated its November 18, 2008 decision striking down the Cityhood laws[5] making Bayugan a municipality again.

Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities again.

On February 17, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of Bayugan and 15 other towns in the Philippines.[6]

July 3, 2011, the supreme court has ordered its Clerk of Court to issue an entry of judgment on the cityhood case of 16 municipalities, sealing with finality the constitutionality of 16 Cityhood Laws. “The finality of the resolutions upholding the constitutionality of the 16 Cityhood Laws now absolutely warrants the granting of respondents’ Motion for Entry of Judgment,” the SC ruled. [7]


Bayugan is bordered by the Municipality of Sibagat and the province of Surigao del Sur to the north; the Municipality of Prosperidad to the east; the Municipality of Esperanza to the south; and the Municipality of Las Nieves, Agusan del Norte, to the west.


The city is geographically situated below the typhoon belt but is usually affected by depressions forming in the typhoon regions of Visayas and the province of Surigao del Norte. The climate map of the Philippines based on the modified coronas classification shows that the city falls under Type II. Which also is the weather classification of the province of Agusan del Sur.

Type II climate has no dry season with very pronounced wet season of heavy precipitation. Maximum rainfall generally occurs from December to January although there is no single dry month. Its average monthly rainfall is 161.6 millimetres (6.36 in) and average temperature is 32 °C (90 °F). Areas characterized by this climate type are generally along or very near the eastern coast thus are open to the northeast monsoon.

Climate data for Bayugan City, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
Average low °C (°F) 23
Precipitation mm (inches) 259.1
Avg. precipitation days 22 19 18 13 15 20 18 16 16 19 21 24 221
Source: [1]


Bayugan is politically subdivided into 43 barangays, of which 3 are urban and 40 are rural.[2]

  • Berseba
  • Bucac
  • Cagbas
  • Calaitan
  • Canayugan
  • Charito
  • Claro Cortez
  • Fili
  • Gamao
  • Getsemane
  • Grace Estate
  • Hamogaway
  • Katipunan
  • Mabuhay
  • Magkiangkang
  • Mahayag
  • Marcelina
  • Maygatasan
  • Montivesta
  • Mt. Ararat
  • Mt. Carmel
  • Mt. Olive
  • New Salem
  • Noli
  • Osmeña
  • Panaytay
  • Pinagalaan
  • Poblacion (city center)
  • Sagmone
  • Saguma
  • Salvacion
  • San Agustin
  • San Isidro
  • San Juan
  • Santa Irene
  • Santa Teresita
  • Santo Niño
  • Taglatawan (commercial center)
  • Taglibas
  • Tagubay
  • Verdu
  • Villa Ondayon
  • Wawa (Del Carmen)


Population census of Bayugan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 78,725 —    
1995 89,999 +2.54%
2000 93,623 +0.85%
2007 95,032 +0.21%
2010 99,361 +1.63%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][8]

Indigenous people:



  • Rice / palay (the major rice production site of Agusan del Sur)
  • Cut Flowers (abundant in the city making it the cut flower capital of Agusan del Sur)
  • Corn
  • Coconut
  • Banana
  • Rubber
  • Vegetables
  • Legumes
  • Cacao
  • Coffee
  • Citrus
  • Root Crops
  • Fruits

Fertile soil suitable for agricultural, Protection Forest About 26,107.163 Hectares = 51.697% in land classifications. Gold, silver, sand and gravel.

Places of interest[edit]

The Pinagalaan Falls in Bayugan
  • Bayugan Rotunda – Bayugan's most prominent landmark simply the widest circular park in Mindanao
  • Rizal Park Plaza – largest park in the province
  • Narra Avenue – the widest road in the province. The Avenue serves as the main road of the city and is a six lane road. At night, Narra Avenue is the brightest and most lit road in the province.
  • Bayug (Hamogaway) Falls – located at Brgy Hamogaway, the falls is now known to be a tourist attraction in the city.
  • Pinagalaan Falls – the biggest and tallest falls in the city.
  • Gethsemane Falls
  • Wawa River and Irrigation System
  • Wawa Bridge - largest steel bridge in the province. The bridge serves as the road boundary of Bayugan City and Sibagat, Agusan del Sur.
  • Family Place Resort
  • Green Haven Adventure Park
  • Mangrove Base Park
  • Bayugan City Hall
  • ARC Bayugan
  • Graceland Cold Spring
  • Magkiangkang Cave – a spectacular cave located at the mountainous barangay of Magkiankang.
  • New Loon Cave
  • San Agustin Lake
  • Putting Bato Cave
  • Katipunan Lake
  • Vising/Sisimon Cave
  • Sacred of Jesus Parish Church
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Diocesan Shrine

Local festivals, and events[edit]

A flower float during the float contest of the Rice Corn and Flower Festival.
  • Kahimunan Festival, Holy Child – a local version of the Sinulog Festival of Cebu, it is highlighted by street dancing focusing on the indigenous tribes' of Bayugan and their way of life. Celebrated every Last Sunday of January.
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Festival – popularly known as the town fiesta or "pista", celebrated every 30 June.
  • Rice Corn and Flower Festival – a new born festival replacing the traditional "Araw ng Bayugan". The festival is named from the nickname of the city (City of Rice, Corn, and Flowers). It highlights street dancing and float contests.
  • Charter Day Celebration- held every 21 June to commemorate the city-hood of Bayugan.


Narra Avenue has been a transportation nexus in Mindanao.


Bayugan can be reached via land transport. Bachelor Express, Land Car Inc., Surigao Express are only few bus companies travelling to and from the city. Major transportation are motorela and some multicabs which travel to remote barangays. "Habal-habal" is also used as a transport to the mountain barangays of Bayugan.

Air and sea[edit]

Butuan has the nearest sea and air ports from Bayugan. Other air and sea ports are located at Davao City, and Surigao City.


Bayugan National Comprehensive High School, or BNCHS, is a comprehensive high school with a population of exactly 5,365 students, and is located on a site that has an area of 5 hectares. The school is currently recognized for its research program in science related topics. "Comprehensive" it is because it offers different curricula such as ESEP (Engineering and Science Education Program) on its 1st Year, Project BEST (Breeding Excellence in Science and Technology), Special Program in Journalism (pilot school for journalism in CARAGA Region), Special Program in the Arts (with the specialization of Visual Arts, Creative Writing, Dancing, Music, Media Arts and Theater Arts), Technical Vocational Courses, Special Program in Sports and Revised Basic Education Curriculum. The school is currently headed by the Secondary School Principal IV, Dr. Wilson C. Calvo. Facebook, Website

Agusan del Sur College is the leading college institution in Bayugan.

Agusan del Sur College or ADSCO established in 1966, is the only private educational institution in the city offering Preparatory, Elementary, High School, College (CHED) degree courses i.e. Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA) major in : Marketing Management, Financial Management, Operation Management, Bachelor of Secondary Education, Bachelor of Elementary Education, Bachelor of Arts major in English, Associate in Computer Secretarial, Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Mamagement (by year 2011) and TESDA programs like Health Care Services NC II, Computer Hardware Servicing NC II, Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) NC II, Driving NC II, Security Services NC II, Massage Therapy NC II, Housekeeping, Commercial Cooking NC II, Bookkeeping NC II.

Father Urios Technical Institute of Bayugan Inc. (formerly Father Urios High School-Bayugan or FUHS), is the oldest private educational institution in the city. Located at the heart of the city making it one of the most populous school in Bayugan. Created in the year 1959, Urios caters elementary and secondary basic education. By school year 2010–2011, Urios will be putting up its technical courses.The school was founded by a Jesuit priest Father Atanasio B. De Castro in 1959.

List of schools[edit]

Listed below are few of the top performing schools in the city.


Department of Education, Bayugan City Division


  • Bayugan National Comprehensive High School (BNCHS) 
  • Father Saturnino Urios College of Bayugan Inc.
  • Noli National High School
  • Salvacion National High School
  • Marcelina National High School
  • San Juan National High School
  • Calaitan National High School
  • Berseba National High School
  • Magkiangkang National High School
  • Mt. Olive National High School
  • Mt. Carmel National High School


  • Bayugan Central Elementary School (BCES) – A child-friendly school and the 2nd of the Top outstanding school in the province and The Model of Excellence (MOE) school in Bayugan City. which is more musical and dancing
  • Agusan del Sur Pilot Laboratory School (ADSPILS) – The only Pilot Lab School in the province and is a top performing elementary school in the province.
  • Bayugan West Central Elementary School
  • East Bayugan Central Elementary School (EBCES) -The Model of Excellence (MOE) school in Bayugan City.


  • Bayugan Adventist Academy
  • Doane Faith Christian Academy
  • Little Steps Learning Center
  • St. Anne Progressive School
  • Prophet Elisha Christian Academy
  • MCLYRE Enrichment Corner
  • SLC Learning and Training Center
  • Bayugan Adventist Learning Center


Communication system[edit]


Mobile communications:


  • Choice FM 90.5
  • Radyo Natin FM 105.7
  • Rhapsody FM 93.1
  • Friendster FM 94.1
  • Countryside FM 96.5

Cable companies[edit]

Sister cities[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: AGUSAN DEL SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  4. ^ SC reverses self, upholds creation of 16 cities
  5. ^ SC Reinstates 2008 Decision Voiding 16 Cityhood Laws
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Province of Agusan Del Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 

External links[edit]